Ways of the World: A Brief Global History - Since 1500 / Edition 1

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Overview

Ways of the World offers a genuine alternative for world history survey courses. Designed from the beginning as a brief text, Ways of the World focuses on the "big picture" of significant historical developments and is thoroughly global in its thematic and comparative approach. The accessible voice of a single author, with long experience in the classroom and in the world history movement, delivers to students an insightful new synthesis, thought provoking questions, and chapter ending sections that invite reflection on the meaning of world history. Available in full color and in combined and split volumes, Ways of the World just might be the book you’ve been waiting for.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312452896
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 9/3/2008
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 447,693
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

ROBERT W. STRAYER comes to the writing of this text with wide experience in the world history enterprise. With a Ph.D. in European and African history from the University of Wisconsin, he has taught world history at many levels, beginning with a two-year stint in high school history instruction in Ethiopia with the Peace Corps. Most of his academic career was spent at SUNY College at Brockport, where he taught world history as well as African and Soviet history for three decades and received both the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching and a similar award for Excellence in Scholarship. In 1998, he was a visiting professor of world history at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. Since moving to California in 2002, he has taught world history at the University of California, Santa Cruz; California State University, Monterey Bay; and Cabrillo College. World history has been the primary intellectual focus of his career, during which he has served as a teacher, scholar, textbook author, consultant, and member of the Executive Committee of the World History Association.

Among his publications are works in African history, including Kenya: Focus on Nationalism (1975) and The Making of Mission Communities in East Africa (1978). More recently, he developed a specialty in Soviet history and wrote Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse? (1998) and The Communist Experiment (2007), comparing the experience of the Soviet Union with that of China. He was the senior author of an earlier world history textbook, The Making of the Modern World (1988; 1995), and has co-edited McGraw-Hill’s Explorations in World History series. He has also published in a number of specialized journals, such as the Journal of World History.

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Table of Contents


VOLUME 2: From 1500
Preface
Prologue: Considering World History
Why World History?
Comparison, Connection, and Change: The Three Cs
of World History

Chapter 13 The Worlds of the Fifteenth Century
Snapshot: Around the World in the Fifteenth Century
The Shapes of Human Communities
Paleolithic Persistence
Agricultural Village Societies
Herding Peoples
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: Comparing
China and Europe
Ming Dynasty China
European Comparisons: State-Building and
Cultural Renewal
European Comparisons: Maritime Voyaging
Snapshot: Key Moments in European Oceanic Voyaging
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The Islamic World
In the Islamic Heartland: The Ottoman and Safavid Empires
On the Frontiers of Islam: The Songhay and
Mughal Empires
Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The "Americas"
The Aztec Empire
The Inca Empire
Webs of Connection
A Preview of Coming Attractions: Looking Ahead to the Modern
Era, 1500-2000
Snapshot: World Population Growth, 1000-2000
Reflections: What If? Chance and Contingency in
World History

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study

PART FOUR:
THE EARLY MODERN WORLD, 1450-1750
The Big Picture: Debating the Character of an Era
An Early Modern Era?
A Late Agrarian Era?
Landmarks of the Early Modern Era, 1450-1750

Chapter 14 Empires and Encounters, 1450-1750
European Empires in the Americas
The European Advantage
The Great Dying
The Columbian Exchange
Comparing Colonial Societies in the Americas
In the Lands of the Aztecs and Incas
Colonies of Sugar
Snapshot: Comparing Colonial Societies in
Latin America
Settler Colonies in North America
Steppe Lands and Siberia: The Making of a Russian Empire
Experiencing the Russian Empire
Russians and Empire
Snapshot: Demographics of the Russian Empire
Asian Empires
Making China an Empire
Muslims and Hindus in the Mughal Empire
Muslims, Christians, and the Ottoman Empire
Reflections: Countering Eurocentrism…or Reflecting It?

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 15 Global Commerce, 1450-1750
Europeans and Asian Commerce
A Portuguese Empire of Commerce
Snapshot: Key Moments in the European Encounter
with Asia
Spain and the Philippines
The East India Companies
Asian Commerce
Silver and Global Commerce
The "World Hunt": Fur in Global Commerce
Commerce in People: The Atlantic Slave Trade
The Slave Trade in Context
The Slave Trade in Practice
Snapshot: The Slave Trade in Numbers
Comparing Consequences: The Impact of the Slave Trade
in Africa
Reflections: Economic Globalization — Then and Now

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For Further Study

Chapter 16 Religion and Science, 1450-1750
The Globalization of Christianity
Western Christendom Fragmented: The
Protestant Reformation
Snapshot: Catholic/Protestant Differences in the
Sixteenth Century
Christianity Outward Bound
Conversion and Adaptation in Spanish America
An Asian Comparison: China and the Jesuits
Persistence and Change in Afro-Asian Cultural Traditions
Expansion and Renewal in the Islamic World
China: New Directions in an Old Tradition
India: Bridging the Hindu/Muslim Divide
A New Way of Thinking: The Birth of Modern Science
The Question of Origins: Why Europe?
Science as Cultural Revolution
Snapshot: Major Thinkers and Achievements of the
Scientific Revolution
Science and Enlightenment
Looking Ahead: Science in the Nineteenth Century
European Science Beyond the West
Reflections: Cultural Borrowing and Its Hazards

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

PART FIVE:
THE EUROPEAN MOMENT IN WORLD HISTORY, 1750-1914
The Big Picture: European Centrality and the Problem
of Eurocentrism
Euro-centric Geography and History
Countering Eurocentrism
Landmarks of the European Moment in World
History, 1750-1914

Chapter 17 Atlantic Revolutions and Their Echoes, 1775-1914
Comparing Atlantic Revolutions
Snapshot: Key Moments in the History of
Atlantic Revolutions
The North American Revolution, 1775-1787
The French Revolution, 1789-1815
The Haitian Revolution, 1791-1804
Spanish American Revolutions, 1810-1826
Echoes of Revolution
The Abolition of Slavery
Nations and Nationalism
Snapshot: Key Moments in the Growth of Nationalism
Feminist Beginnings
Reflections: Revolutions Pro and Con

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 18 Revolutions of Industrialization, 1750-1914
Explaining the Industrial Revolution
Why Europe?
Why Britain?
The First Industrial Society
Snapshot: Measuring the Industrial Revolution
The British Aristocracy
The Middle Classes
The Laboring Classes
Social Protest Among the Laboring Classes
Variations on a Theme: Comparing the United States
and Russia
The United States: Industrialization without Socialism
Russia: Industrialization and Revolution
The Industrial Revolution and Latin American in the
Nineteenth Century
Snapshot: The Industrial Revolution and the
Global Divide
After Independence in Latin America
Facing the World Economy
Becoming Like Europe?
Reflections: History and Horse-races

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 19 Internal Troubles, External Threats: China,
The Ottoman Empire, and Japan, 1800-1914
The External Challenge: European Industry and Empire
New Motives, New Means
New Perceptions of the "Other"
Reversal of Fortunes: China’s Century of Crisis
The Crisis Within
Western Pressures
Snapshot: Chinese/British Trade at Canton, 1835-1836
The Failure of Conservative Modernization
The Ottoman Empire and the West in the Nineteenth Century
"The Sick Man of Europe"
Reform
Identity
Outcomes: Comparing China and the Ottoman Empire
The Japanese Difference: The Rise of a New East
Asian Power
The Tokugawa Background
American Intrusion and the Meiji Restoration
Modernization Japanese Style
Snapshot: Tracking the Rise of Japan in the
Nineteenth Century
Japan and the World
Reflections: Success and Failure in History

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 20 Colonial Encounters, 1750-1914
A Second Wave of European Conquests
Under European Rule
Cooperation and Rebellion
Colonial Empires with a Difference
Ways of Working: Comparing Colonial Economies
Economies of Coercion: Forced Labor and the Power
of the State
Economies of Cash-Crop Agriculture: The Pull of the Market
Economies of Wage Labor: Working for Europeans
Women and the Colonial Economy: An African Case Study
Assessing Colonial Development
Snapshot: Long Distance Migration in an Age of
Empire, 1846-1940
Believing and Belonging: Cultural Change in the Colonial Era
Education
Religion
"Race" and "Tribe"
Reflections: Who Makes History?

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

PART SIX:
THE MOST RECENT CENTURY, 1914-2007
The Big Picture: The Twentieth Century: A New Period in
World History?
Old and New in the Twentieth Century
Three Regions — One World
Landmarks of the Most Recent Century, 1914-2007

Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe, 1914-1970s
The First World War: European Civilization in Crisis,
1914-1918
An Accident Waiting to Happen
Legacies of the "Great War"
Capitalism Unraveling: The Great Depression
Snapshot: Comparing the Impact of the Depression
Democracy Denied: Comparing Italy, Germany, and Japan
The Fascist Alternative in Europe
Hitler and the Nazis
Japanese Authoritarianism
A Second World War
The Road to War in Asia
The Road to War in Europe
Snapshot: Key Moments in the History of World War II
World War II: The Outcomes of Global Conflict
The Recovery of Europe
Reflections: War and Remembrance: Learning from History

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 22 The Rise and Fall of World Communism,
1917-Present
Global Communism
Comparing Revolutions as a Path to Communism
Russia: Revolution in a Single Year
China: A Prolonged Revolutionary Struggle
Building Socialism in Two Countries
Communist Feminism
Socialism in the Countryside
Communism and Industrial Development
Snapshot: China Under Mao, 1949-1976
The Search for Enemies
East Versus West: A Global Divide and a Cold War
Military Conflict and the Cold War
Nuclear Stand-Off and Third World Rivalry
The United States: Superpower of the West, 1945-1975
The Communist World, 1950s-1970s
Comparing Paths to the End of Communism
China: Abandoning Communism and Maintaining the Party
The Soviet Union: The Collapse of Communism
and Country
Reflections: To Judge or Not to Judge: The Ambiguous Legacy
of Communism

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 23 Independence and Development in the Global
South, 1914-Present
Toward Freedom: Struggles for Independence
The End of Empire in World History
Explaining African and Asian Independence
Comparing Freedom Struggles
The Case of India: Ending British Rule
The Case of South Africa: Ending Apartheid
Snapshot: Key Moments in South African History
Experiments with Freedom
Experiments in Political Order: Comparing African Nations
and India
Experiments in Economic Development: Changing
Priorities, Varying Outcomes
Snapshot: Economic Development in the Global South
by the Early 21st Century
Experiments with Culture: The Role of Islam in Turkey
and Iran
Reflections: History in the Middle of the Stream

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Chapter 24 Accelerating Global Interaction Since 1945
Global Interaction and the Transformation of the
World Economy
Re-Globalization
Snapshot: Indicators of "Re-Globalization"
Disparities and Resistance
Globalization and an American Empire
The Globalization of Liberation: Comparing
Feminist Movements
Feminism in the West
Feminism in the Global South
International Feminism
Religion and Global Modernity
Fundamentalism on a Global Scale
Creating Islamic Societies: Resistance and Renewal in the
World of Islam
Religious Alternatives to Fundamentalism
The World’s Environment and the Globalization
of Environmentalism
The Global Environment Transformed
Snapshot: World Population Growth 1950-2005
Green and Global
Final Reflections: Pondering the Uses of History

Second Thoughts
What's the Significance?
Big Picture Questions
Next Steps: For further Study

Notes
Index

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