Wealth, Waste, and Alienation: Growth and Decline in the Connellsville Coke Industry

Overview

The southwestern Pennsylvania town of Connellsville lay in the middle of a massive reserve of high quality coal. Connellsville coal was so soft and easily worked that one man and a boy could cut and load ten tons of it in ten hours.

This region became a major source of coke, a vital material in industrial processes, above all in steel manufacture, producing forty-seven percent of Americas supply in 1913. But by the 1920s, what had seemed to be ...

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Overview

The southwestern Pennsylvania town of Connellsville lay in the middle of a massive reserve of high quality coal. Connellsville coal was so soft and easily worked that one man and a boy could cut and load ten tons of it in ten hours.

This region became a major source of coke, a vital material in industrial processes, above all in steel manufacture, producing forty-seven percent of Americas supply in 1913. But by the 1920s, what had seemed to be a gold mine was turning into a devastating economic, environmental and social loss.

In Wealth, Waste and Alienation, Kenneth Warren draws from primary source material, including the minutes and letters of the Carnegie Steel Company, the United States Steel Corporation, and the archives of Henry Clay Frick, to explain the birth, phenomenal growth, decline and death of the Connellsville coke industry.  Its rich natural resources produced wealth for individuals, companies, and some communities, but as Warren shows, there was also social alienation, waste, and devastation of the natural environment. The complicated structure of enterprise, capital, and labor which made this region flourish unwound almost as quickly as it arose, creating repercussions that are still reverberating in what’s left of Connellsville today, a kind of postindustrial rural shell of its former productive glory.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Warren is to be congratulated for his outstanding, thorough, detailed coverage of Connellsville and its coke industry. ... it gives significant insights into an era, industry, and individuals that are now gone but that helped develop America into what it is today.”
—Journal of American History
Booknews
In 1913 the Connellsville area of Pennsylvania produced 47% of US and 18% of world coke, drawing from the rich Pittsburgh coal seam beneath it to fire the iron and steel industries. Before the boom died as the coal ran out and technology changed, says Warren (Oxford U.) it created social disruption, environmental devastation, and ultimately economic loss for the region. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780822941323
  • Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/2001
  • Series: History of Business History Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 6.13 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Kenneth Warren is Emeritus Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford. He is the author of numerous books, including Big Steel: The First Century of the United States Steel Corporation 1901–2001; Wealth, Waste, and Alienation: Growth and Decline in the Connellsville Coke Industry; and Bethlehem Steel: Builder and Arsenal of America.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 The Foundations of the Industry 1
2 The Maturing Industry 25
3 Organization in the Coke Trade 77
4 New Districts 120
5 New Technology 157
6 The Physical and Social Implications of Beehive Coke Manufacture 195
7 Peak and Decline 229
App. A: Statistical Tables 261
App. B: Biographical Notes 267
Notes 271
Bibliography 287
Index 293
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