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This Beginner's Guide is Designed for Easy Learning:
So, how can anyone expect to write a single book professing to be the beginner's guide and still have the book fit on a normal bookshelf? Well, not easily, that's for sure. This book is meant to be an introduction into the typical process of what it takes to design a section of content to be viewed on the Web (a.k.a. Web design). The process itself, however, and nearly everything related to Web design, is in a constant state of flux. In fact, some people refer to this process as shooting an arrow (or, perhaps, many arrows?) at a moving target.
This means you, as the Web designer, must keep current on the ever-changing aspects of the Web, to aim those arrows best. Over the course of 11 chapters, I give you a solid foundation in the tools, technologies, and concepts needed to begin designing Web pages-and Web pages that not only look good, but that work.
Answer: The World Wide Web (YAW or the Web) is often confused with the Internet. While the precursor to the Internet was originally created during the Cold War as a way to link sections of the country together during an emergency, the actual term "Internet" wasn't used until the early 1970s. At that time, academic research institutions developed the Internet to create better communicate and to share resources. Later, universities and research facilities throughout the world used the Internet. In the early 1990s, Tim Berners-Lee created a set of technologies that allowed information on the Internet to be linked together through the use of links, or connections, in documents. The language component of these technologies is Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). A good source of information on the history of the Internet is available at www.isoc.org/intemet-history.
The Web was mostly text based until Marc Andreeson created the first graphical Web browser in 1993, called Mosaic. This paved the way for video, sound, and photos on the Web.
As a large group of interconnected computers all over the world, the Internet comprises not only the Web, but also things like newsgroups (online bulletin boards) and e-mail. Many people think of the Web as the graphical or illustrated part of the Internet.
If you haven't heard a Web address referred to as a URL, you've probably seen once-URLs start with http://, and they usually end with a three-letter extensions (although a few newer extensions can be longer). Some common extensions include .com (used for commercial entities), .org (for nonprofit organizations), .edu (for educational institutions), and .net (for other Internet-related businesses). Just as every house must have a street address to receive visitors, so must every Web site have a URL. An example URL is http://www.yahoo.com.
The following illustration shows another example of a URL, as it appears in a Netscape browser....
...One part of a URL is the domain name, which helps identify and locate computers on the Internet. To avoid confusion, each domain name is unique. You can think of the domain name as a label or a shortcut. Behind that shortcut is a series of numbers, called an IP Address, which gives the specific address of where the site you're looking for is located on the Internet. Here's an analogy: if the domain name is the word "Emergency" written next to the first aid symbol on your speed dial, the IP Address is 9-1-1.
Businesses typically register domain names ending in a .com that are similar to their business or product name. Domain registration is like renting office space...