Web Journalism: A New Form of Citizenship?

Overview

Providing a much-needed analytical account of the implications of interactive participation in the construction of media content, this book critically assesses internet news production. With the rise of blogging and citizen journalism, it is a commonplace to observe that interactive participatory media is transforming the relationship between the traditional professional media and their audience. A current, popular, assumption is that the traditional flow of information from media to citizen is being reformed ...

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Overview

Providing a much-needed analytical account of the implications of interactive participation in the construction of media content, this book critically assesses internet news production. With the rise of blogging and citizen journalism, it is a commonplace to observe that interactive participatory media is transforming the relationship between the traditional professional media and their audience. A current, popular, assumption is that the traditional flow of information from media to citizen is being reformed into a democratic dialogue between members of a community. The editors and contributors in this volume analyze and debate this assumption through international case studies that include the United Kingdom and United States.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Journalists used to be the exclusive gatekeepers of media information. Though publishers arguably have their own agendas, professional journalists selected and researched stories and then presented them to the public with the expectation of integrity, lack of bias, and fairness. But with the advent of the Internet, newsgathering is no longer a one-way avenue from journalist to reader. Now ‘citizen journalists’ can report their views, opinions, and agendas (evident or hidden) through blogging and Weblogs, independent of journalists bound by professional ethics. Due in part to declining readership, mainstream media outlets have recognized the need to change and now have blogs of their own staffed by journalists. Participatory journalism has also been influential in creating social and political change, especially in developing countries. This book explores all this, as well as how mainstream media have interacted with citizen journalism. It includes discussion of the changing attitude toward traditional media as an authoritative news source and of the way participatory journalism is shaping how both the traditional media and the populace view what is newsworthy. A final section analyzes this relatively new phenomenon in reshaping the role of the citizenry in a new democratic reporting process. Recommended.”  —Choice

"Public participation and the Internet is reforming the news media in dramatic ways across the globe, so it is time to have a serious debate about what that means for journalism and society: this timely book is a thoughtful, wide-ranging and relevant way to kick-start that conversation."  —Charlie Beckett, London School of Economics, author, Supermedia: Saving Journalism So It Can Change the World

“Journalism finds itself in a turbulent period of transition. This outstanding volume addresses the major transformations facing journalism today as it increasingly goes online: it tackles such issues as how we define what journalism is, what criteria we should use to evaluate it, as well as who is and is not a journalist. Further, these topics lead us into still more profound questions about the role of journalism in the politics of modern society and the health of democracy more generally. Questions also come to the fore concerning the kind of journalism citizens need, and to what extent citizens should participate in its production and dissemination. . . . The editors have done a splendid job in assembling and presenting a broad range of robust contributions from both academic scholars and practitioners. This generous collection of 21 chapters encompasses a variety of perspectives and points of departure, highlighting key points of debate. The reader is offered insights into what is happening in the online journalism of the mainstream media and how the notion of professionalism is contested; the world of journalistic blogging is illuminated from variety of perspectives; versions of citizen journalism are explored. The horizon of democracy and citizenship serves as an integrating framework, yet the breadth is also impressive: chapters probe the divergent paths these developments can take in different national and political contexts, including modern China. … Slated to become a landmark book in the areas of web studies and journalism, this lively and engaging collection will attract readers from many fields.”  —Professor Peter Dahlgren, Lund University, author, Democracy and the Media

From the Publisher

“Journalists used to be the exclusive gatekeepers of media information. Though publishers arguably have their own agendas, professional journalists selected and researched stories and then presented them to the public with the expectation of integrity, lack of bias, and fairness. But with the advent of the Internet, newsgathering is no longer a one-way avenue from journalist to reader. Now ‘citizen journalists’ can report their views, opinions, and agendas (evident or hidden) through blogging and Weblogs, independent of journalists bound by professional ethics. Due in part to declining readership, mainstream media outlets have recognized the need to change and now have blogs of their own staffed by journalists. Participatory journalism has also been influential in creating social and political change, especially in developing countries. This book explores all this, as well as how mainstream media have interacted with citizen journalism. It includes discussion of the changing attitude toward traditional media as an authoritative news source and of the way participatory journalism is shaping how both the traditional media and the populace view what is newsworthy. A final section analyzes this relatively new phenomenon in reshaping the role of the citizenry in a new democratic reporting process. Recommended.”  —Choice

"Public participation and the Internet is reforming the news media in dramatic ways across the globe, so it is time to have a serious debate about what that means for journalism and society: this timely book is a thoughtful, wide-ranging and relevant way to kick-start that conversation."  —Charlie Beckett, London School of Economics, author, Supermedia: Saving Journalism So It Can Change the World

“Journalism finds itself in a turbulent period of transition. This outstanding volume addresses the major transformations facing journalism today as it increasingly goes online: it tackles such issues as how we define what journalism is, what criteria we should use to evaluate it, as well as who is and is not a journalist. Further, these topics lead us into still more profound questions about the role of journalism in the politics of modern society and the health of democracy more generally. Questions also come to the fore concerning the kind of journalism citizens need, and to what extent citizens should participate in its production and dissemination. . . . The editors have done a splendid job in assembling and presenting a broad range of robust contributions from both academic scholars and practitioners. This generous collection of 21 chapters encompasses a variety of perspectives and points of departure, highlighting key points of debate. The reader is offered insights into what is happening in the online journalism of the mainstream media and how the notion of professionalism is contested; the world of journalistic blogging is illuminated from variety of perspectives; versions of citizen journalism are explored. The horizon of democracy and citizenship serves as an integrating framework, yet the breadth is also impressive: chapters probe the divergent paths these developments can take in different national and political contexts, including modern China. … Slated to become a landmark book in the areas of web studies and journalism, this lively and engaging collection will attract readers from many fields.”  —Professor Peter Dahlgren, Lund University, author, Democracy and the Media

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781845192792
  • Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2010
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Sean Tunney is principal lecturer in journalism and news media at Roehampton University. He is the author of Labour and the Press. Garrett Monaghan is associate senior lecturer in media studies at the University of Portsmouth and a media arts consultant.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements viii

Introduction: Participation and Incorporation? 1

Part I Setting the Scene

Chapter 1 News Blogs, Mainstream News and News Agendas Vincent Campbell Rachel Gibson Barrie Gunter Maria Touri 29

Chapter 2 Gotcha: How Newsroom Norms are Shaping Participatory Journalism Online Neil Thurman Alfred Hermida 46

Chapter 3 We Are Not All Journalists Now Gary Hudson Mick Temple 63

Chapter 4 The Case against the Democratic Influence of the Internet on Journalism Tim Markham 77

Part II Professional and Citizen Journalists

Chapter 5 Blogging Journalists: The Writing on the Wall Paul Bradshaw 97

Chapter 6 "An Essential Service in the Life of the Nation" Kevin Marsh 107

Chapter 7 Citizenship and Public Service: The Case of BBC News Online Einar Thorsen Stuart Allan Cynthia Carter 116

Chapter 8 Shut Out But Switched On: Web Forums, Border Identities and the Evolving Narrative of Post-Devolution Wales Simon Gwyn Roberts 126

Chapter 9 Local Voices: The Regional Press and User-Generated Content Andy Price 137

Chapter 10 Changing Auntie: A Case Study in Managing and Regulating User-Generated News Content at the BBC Janet Jones 150

Chapter 11 A Free Market of Ideas? The Utility of Citizen-Generated Content Lian Zhu 168

Chapter 12 The Blog in Slovenian Traditional Journalism: Gate-keeping, Audience and Citizenship Igor Vobic 180

Chapter 13 A Study of Journalistic and Source Transparency in US Online Newspaper and Online Citizen Journalism Articles Serena Carpenter 191

Part III The Role of Citizen Journalism

Chapter 14 Seeing the Unseen: Is New-Media Journalism Reshaping Questions of Race? Aaron Barlow Annie Seaton 211

Chapter 15 Citizen Journalism Online: Promise of an Alternative Conflict Discourse? Dmitry Epstein Dor Reich 226

Chapter 16 Rehearsing Democracy: New Media, Political Freedoms and Censorship in Uganda Ryan Bowman 248

Chapter 17 Facilitating Participatory Communication in China: An Analysis of Citizen Journalists and Media Regulators in the Qiangguo Forum and its Discussions on Income Inequality Qian Gong 261

Chapter 18 Web-Oriented Public Participation in Contemporary China Rena Bivens Chen Li 275

Part IV Mainstream Journalism

Chapter 19 Online Journalism: The Changing Media Ecology from an Indian Perspective Saayan Chattopadhyay 289

Chapter 20 Let's Talk: How Blogging is Shaping the BBC's Relationship with the Public Alfred Hermida 306

Chapter 21 Online Television: A Threat to Balanced Political Reporting Nicholas Jones 317

The Contributors 329

Index 335

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