Weight Management: State of the Science and Opportunities for Military Programs

Overview

The primary purpose of fitness and body composition standards in the U.S. Armed Forces has always been to select individuals best suited to the physical demands of military service, based on the assumption that proper body weight and composition supports good health, physical fitness, and appropriate military appearance.

The current epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States affects the military services. The pool of available recruits is reduced because of failure ...

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Overview

The primary purpose of fitness and body composition standards in the U.S. Armed Forces has always been to select individuals best suited to the physical demands of military service, based on the assumption that proper body weight and composition supports good health, physical fitness, and appropriate military appearance.

The current epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States affects the military services. The pool of available recruits is reduced because of failure to meet body composition standards for entry into the services and a high percentage of individuals exceeding military weight-for-height standards at the time of entry into the service leave the military before completing their term of enlistment.

To aid in developing strategies for prevention and remediation of overweight in military personnel, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command requested the Committee on Military Nutrition Research to review the scientific evidence for: factors that influence body weight, optimal components of a weight loss and weight maintenance program, and the role of gender, age, and ethnicity in weight management.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jamie A. Cooper, MS (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Description: This book provides a comprehensive overview of strategies for effective weight loss and weight management in the U.S. military. Military standards for fitness, weight, and body composition as well as factors that influence body weight are also addressed.
Purpose: The purposes are threefold: to assess existing data on the components of an effective weight management program; to examine what role age, gender, and ethnicity play in effective weight management; and finally to evaluate current Department of Defense (DOD) weight management strategies and provide insight for more effective weight management methods.
Audience: This book is written as a request from the Director of Military Operational Medicine Research at USAMRMC and is intended to target all military personnel, particularly those who have the ability to provide proper nutrition and exercise education. The book provides the basics in nutrition, physical activity, and health to those who may be trained in one, but not all areas. The depth of subject matter in any one area, however, is average. The authors are the national experts in nutrition, physical activity, health, and obesity. Together they constitute the leading authority on prevention and treatment of obesity.
Features: This book centers on the issues of weight loss and weight management in the military. The authors express the need for making lifestyle changes in both physical activity and nutrition and provide recommendations to several specific military questions. Nutrition and physical activity concerns, issues, or problems that could arise due to the nature of a specific military environment are also addressed, which makes the information very applicable.
Assessment: This book provides a very comprehensive and thorough overview of strategies and suggestions for weight loss and weight maintenance in the military. It should aid the DOD in creating more successful weight loss and weight management programs for military personnel and provide them with the education they need to make life-long changes in their eating and exercise patterns.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309089968
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 11/10/2003
  • Pages: 276
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive summary 1
1 Background and context of the overweight problem 17
2 Military standards for fitness, weight, and body composition 29
3 Factors that influence body weight 57
4 Weight-loss and maintenance strategies 79
5 Response to the military's questions 113
6 Programmatic and research recommendations 125
References 143
App. A Workshop Agenda and Abstracts 179
App. B Biographical Sketches of the Workshop Speakers 241
App. C Biographical Sketches of the Subcommittee on Military Weight Management 249
App. D: Acronyms 255
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