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The West: Encounters and Transformations, Second Edition

Brian Levack

With 56 additional maps, The West: Encounters and Transformations, Second Edition, Atlas Edition, helps students with geography, one of the most difficult aspects of Western Civilization courses for many. Four-color and outline maps accompanied by review questions call on students to identify important geographical areas and think critically about the connection between geography and historical events. The maps are on perforated pages and are organized by chapter so that they can be easily assigned and collected.

Here is a sample of the maps included:

Greece and Greek Colonies of the World, ca. 431 BCE

The Expansion of Islam in the 7th and 8th Centuries

The Expansion of the Ottoman Empire

Europe under Absolute Monarchy, 1715

The Industrialization of Europe, 1850

The European Union in the Europe of 2003

A complete listing of the maps appears at the front of this book.

Do you want more maps? All of the maps in this text — plus many more at no additional cost–can be found on Longman’s exclusive website,

MyHistoryLab is offered at no additional cost when bundled with this text.

MyHistoryLab also contains a myriad of other resources such as images, an electronic version of the textbook, student assessment tests, fifty of the most commonly assigned books in history, and much more.

Available versions of the Atlas Edition

Single Volume Edition (Chapters 1-28) ISBN: 0-205-55697-3

Volume I (Chapters 1-16) ISBN: 0-205-55811-7

Volume II (Chapters 14-28) ISBN: 0-205-55698-1

Please visit us at

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205556977
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 3/15/2007
  • Edition description: Atlas Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 1136
  • Product dimensions: 8.68 (w) x 11.18 (h) x 1.63 (d)

Table of Contents

“What Is the West?”

The Shifting Borders of the West.

Asking the Right Questions.

1. The Beginnings of Civilizations, 10,000-2000 BCE.

Culture, Agriculture, and Civilization.

The Birth of Civilization in Southwest Asia.

The Emergence of Egyptian Civilizations.

The Transformation of Europe.

Conclusion: Civilization and the West.

Justice in History: Gods and Kings in Mesopotamian Justice.

2. The International Bronze Age and its Aftermath: Trade, Empire, and Diplomacy, 1600-550 BCE.

Civilization of the Nile: The Egyptian Empire.

Civilizations of Anatolia and Mesopotamia: The Hittite, Assyrian, and Babylonian Empires.

The Civilizations of the Mediterranean: The Minoans and the Mycenaeans.

The End of the International Bronze Age and its Aftermath.

Conclusion: The International Bronze Age and the Emergence of the West.

Justice in History: Egyptian Tomb Robbers on Trial.

3. Persians, Hebrews, and Greeks: The Foundations of Western Culture, 1100-336 BCE.

Persia: An Empire on Three Continents.

Hebrew Civilization and Religions.

Greece Rebuilds, 1100-479 BCE.

The Classical Age of Greece, 479-336 BCE.

Conclusions: Classical Foundations of the West.

Justice in History: The Trial and Execution of Socrates the Questioner.

Encounters and Transformations: The Alphabet and Writing in Greece

4. The Hellenistic World and the Roman Republic, 336-31 BCE.

The Warlike Kingdom of Macedon.

Hellenistic Society and Culture.

Rome's Rise to Power.

Beginnings of the Roman Revolution.

Conclusion: Defining the West in the Hellenistic Age.

Justice in History: A Corrupt Roman Governor Is Convicted of Extortion.

The Human Body in History: Aphrodite of Melos: The Hellenistic Portrayal of the Perfect Female.

5. Enclosing the West: The Early Roman Empire and Its Neighbors: 31 BCE-235 CE.

The Imperial Center.

Life in the Roman Provinces: Assimilation, Resistance and Romanization.

The Frontier and Beyond.

Society and Culture in an Imperial Age.

Conclusion: Rome Shapes the West.

Justice in History: The Trial of Jesus in Historical Perspective.

Encounters and Transformations: The Roman City: Agents of Cultural Transformation.

6. Late Antiquity: The Age of New Boundaries, 250-600.

Crisis and Recovery in the Third Century.

Christianizing the Empire.

New Christian Communities and Identities.

The Break-Up of the Roman Empire.

Conclusion: The Age of New Boundaries.

Justice in History: Two Martyrdoms: Culture and Religion on Trial.

The Human Body in History: The Ascetic Alternative.

7. Medieval Empires and Borderlands: Byzantium and Islam.

Byzantium: The Survival of the Roman Empire.

The New World of Islam.

Conclusion: Three Cultural Realms.

Justice in History: “Judgment Belongs to God Alone”: The Battle and Arbitration at Siffin.

Encounters and Transformations: Ships of the Desert: Camels from Morocco to Central Asia.

8. Medieval Empires and Borderlands: The Latin West.

The Birth of Latin Christendom.

The Carolingians.

Invasions and Recovery in the Latin West.

The West in the East: The Crusades.

Conclusion: An Emerging Unity in the Latin West.

Justice in History: Revealing the Truth: Oaths and Ordeals.

Encounters and Transformations: Roland the El Cid.

9. Medieval Civilization: The Rise of Western Europe.

Two Worlds: Manors and Cities.

The Consolidation of Roman Catholicism.

Strengthening the Center of the West.

Medieval Culture: The Search for Understanding.

Conclusion: Asserting Western Culture.

Justice in History: Inquiring into Heresy: The Inquisition of Montaillou.

The Human Body in History: A Tale of Two Marys.

10. The Medieval West in Crisis.

A Time of Death.

A Cold Wind from the East.

Economic Depression and Social Turmoil.

An Age of Warfare.

A Troubled Church and the Demand for Religious Comfort.

The Culture of Loss.

Conclusion: Looking Inward.

Justice in History: The Trial of Joan of Arc.

The Human Body in History: The Black Death: The Signs of Disease.

11. The Italian Renaissance and Beyond: The Politics of Culture.

The Cradle of the Renaissance: The Italian City-States.

The Influence of Ancient Culture.

Antiquity and Nature in the Arts.

The Early Modern European State System.

Conclusion: The Politics of Culture.

Justice in History: Revenge as Private Justice.

The Human Body in History: The Natural and the Ideal Body in Renaissance Art.

12. The West and the World: The Significance of Global Encounters, 1450-1650.

Europeans in Africa.

Europeans in the Americas.

Europeans in Asia.

The Beginnings of the Global System.

Conclusion: The Significance of the Global Encounters.

Justice in History: The Difficulties of a Transatlantic Marriage.

Encounters and Transformations: Between Indian and Christian: Creating Hybrid Religion in Mexico.

13. The Reformation of Religion.

Causes of the Reformation.

The Lutheran Reformation.

The Diversity of Protestantism.

The Catholic Reformation.

The Reformation of the Arts.

Conclusion: Competing Understandings.

Justice in History: The Trial of Anne Boleyn: The Dynastic Crime.

The Human Body in History: The Ecstasy of St. Teresa of Avila: The Body and the Soul.

14. The Age of Confessional Division.

The Peoples of Early Modern Europe.

Disciplining the People.

The Confessional States.

States and Confessions in Eastern Europe.

Conclusion: The Divisions of the West.

Justice in History: The Spanish Auto da Fe: The Power of Penance.

Encounters and Transformations: The Introduction of the Table Fork: The New Sign of Western Civilization.

15. Absolutism and State-Building in Europe, 1618-1715.

The Nature of Absolutism.

The Absolutist State in France and Spain.

Absolutism and State Building in Central and Eastern Europe.

Resistance to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic.

Conclusion: The Western State in the Age of Absolutism.

Justice in History: The Trial of Charles I.

Encounters and Transformations: St. Petersburg and the West.

16. The Scientific Revolution.

The Discoveries and Achievements of the Scientific Revolution.

The Search for Scientific Knowledge.

The Causes of the Scientific Revolution.

The Intellectual Effects of the Scientific Revolution.

Humans and the Natural World.

Conclusion: Science and Western Culture.

Justice in History: The Trial of Galileo.

The Human Body in History: Dissecting the Human Corpse.

17. The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815.

European Empires in Americas and Asia.

Warfare in Europe, North America, and Asia.

The Atlantic World.

Encounters between Europeans and Asians.

The Crisis of Empire and the Atlantic Revolutions.

Conclusion: The Rise and Reshaping of the West.

Justice in History: The Trial of the Mutineers on the Bounty.

Encounters and Transformations: Chocolate in the New World and the Old.

18. Eighteenth-Century Society and Culture.

The Aristocracy.

Challenges to Aristocratic Dominance.

The Enlightenment.

The Impact of the Enlightenment.

Conclusion: The Enlightenment and Western Identity.

Justice in History: A Case of Infanticide in the Age of the Enlightenment.

The Human Body in History: Bathing in the West.

19. The Age of the French Revolution, 1789-1815.

The First French Revolution 1789-1791.

The French Republic, 1792-1799.

Cultural Change in France During the Revolution.

The Napoleonic Era, 1799-1815.

The Legacy of the French Revolution.

Conclusion: The French Revolution and Western Civilization.

Justice in History: The Trial of Louis XVI.

Encounters and Transformations: The French Encounter the Egyptians, 1798-1801.

20. The Industrial Revolution.

The Nature of the Industrial Revolution.

Conditions Favoring Industrial Growth.

The Spread of Industrialization.

The Effects of Industrialization.

Industry, Trade and Empire.

Conclusion: Industrialization and the West.

Justice in History: The Sadler Committee on Child Labor.

Encounters and Transformations: The Peterloo Massacre 1819

21. Ideological Conflicts and National Unification, 1815-1871.

New Ideologies in the Early Nineteenth Century.

Ideological Encounters in Europe, 1815-1848.

National Unification in Europe and America, 1848-1871.

Ideology, Empire, and the Balance of Power.

Conclusion: The Ideological Transformation in the West.

Justice in History: Prostitution, Corporal Punishment, and Liberalism in Germany.

The Human Body in History: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein: The Body in Romantic Literature.

22. The Coming of Mass Politics: Industrialization, Emancipation, and Instability, 1870-1914.

Economic Transformation.

Defining the Political Nation.

Broadening the Political Nation.

Outside the Political Nation? The Experience of Women.

Conclusion: The West in an Age of Mass Politics.

Justice in History: The Dreyfus Affair—Defining National Identity in France.

The Human Body in History: Men in Black.

23. The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and New Imperialism, 1870-1914.

Scientific Transformations.

Cultural Crisis: The Fin de Siecle and the Birth of Modernism.

The New Imperialism.

Conclusion: Reshaping the West: Expansion and Fragmentation.

Justice in History: The Trial of Oscar Wilde.

Encounters and Transformations: Picasso Goes to the Museum.

24. The First World War.

The Origins of the First World War.

The Experience of Total War.

The Home Fronts.

War and Revolution.

Conclusion: The War and the West.

Justice in History: Revolutionary Justice—The Non-Trial of Nicholas and Alexandra.

The Human Body in History: Shellshock—From Woman's Malady to Soldier's Affliction.

25. Reconstruction, Reaction, and Continuing Revolution—The 1920s and 1930s.

Cultural Despair and Desire.

Out of the Trenches: Reconstructing Culture and Politics in the 1920s.

The Rise of the Radical Right.

The Polarization of Politics in the 1930s.

The West and the World: Imperialism in the Interwar Era.

Conclusion: The Kingdom of Corpses.

Justice in History: The Trial of Adolf Hitler.

Encounters and Transformations: From Mohandas to Mahatma: Gandhi’s Transformation.

26. World War II.

The Coming of War.

Europe at War, 1939-1941.

The World at War, 1941-1945.

The War Against the Jews.

The Home Front: The Other Wars.

Conclusion: The New Europe, The New West.

Justice in History: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann.

The Human Body in History: The G.I.

27. Redefining the West After World War II.

A Dubious Peace, 1945-1949.

The West and the World: Decolonization and the Cold War.

The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the 1950s and 1960s.

The West: Consensus, Consumption, and Culture.

Conclusion: New Definitions, New Divisions.

Justice in History: Show Time: The Trial of Rudolf Slansky.

The Human Body in History: The Pill: Controlling the Female Body.

28. The West in the Contemporary Era: New Encounters and Transformations.

Economic Stagnation and Political Change: The 1970s and 1980s.

Revolution in the East.

Rethinking the West.

Conclusion: Where Is the West Now?

Justice in History: The Sentencing of Salman Rushdie.

Encounters and Transformations: Rock and Revolution.


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