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The West: Encounters & Transformations Concise Edition examines the changing definition and identity of the West throughout history, emphasizing the encounters between different cultures, beliefs, ideas and peoples that shaped Western civilization, both outside the West and within it.
14. The Age of Confessional Division, 1550–1618.
The People of Early Modern Europe.
Disciplining the People.
The Confessional States.
States and Confessions in Eastern Europe.
Conclusion: The Divisions of the West.
Justice in History: The Auto-da-Fé: The Power of Penance.
15. Absolutism and State Building in Europe , 1618–1715.
The Nature of Absolutism.
The Absolutist State in France and Spain.
Absolutism and State Building in Central and Eastern Europe.
Resistance to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic.
Conclusion: The Western State in the Age of Absolutism.
Justice in History: The Trial of Charles I.
16. The Scientific Revolution.
The Discoveries and Achievements of the Scientific Revolution.
The Search for Scientific Knowledge.
The Causes of the Scientific Revolution.
Developments Within Science.
Developments Outside Science.
The Intellectual Effects of the Scientific Revolution.
Humans and the Natural World.
Conclusion: Science and Western Culture.
Justice in History: The Trial of Galileo.
17. The West and the World: Empire, Trade, and War, 1650–1850.
European Empires in the Americas and Asia.
Warfare in Europe, North America, and Asia.
The Atlantic World.
Encounters Between Europeans and Asians.
The Crisis of Empire and the Atlantic Revolutions.
Conclusion: The Rise and Reshaping of the West.
Justice in History: The Trial of the Mutineers on the Bounty.
18. Eighteenth-Century Society and Culture.
Challenges to Aristocratic Dominance.
The Impact of the Enlightenment.
Conclusion: Change and Continuity in the Eighteenth Century.
Justice in History: A Case of Infanticide in the Age of the Enlightenment.
19. The Age of the French Revolution, 1789–1815.
The First French Revolution, 1789–1791.
The French Republic, 1792–1799.
Cultural Change in France During the Revolution.
The Napoleonic Era, 1799–1815.
Conclusion: The French Revolution and Western Civilization.
Justice in History: The Trial of Louis XVI.
20. The Industrial Revolution, 1760–1850.
The Nature of the Industrial Revolution.
Conditions Favoring Industrial Growth.
The Spread of Industrialization.
The Effects of Industrialization.
Industry, Trade, and Empire.
Conclusion: Industrialization and the West.
Justice in History: The Sadler Committee on Child Labor.
21. Ideological Conflict and National Unification, 1815–1871.
New Ideologies in the Early Nineteenth Century.
Ideological Encounters in Europe, 1815–1848.
National Unification in Europe and America, 1848–1871.
Ideology, Empire, and the Balance of Power.
Conclusion: The Ideological Transformation of the West.
Justice in History: Prostitution, Corporal Punishment, and Liberalism in Germany.
22. The Coming of Mass Politics: Industrialization, Emancipation, and Instability, 1870–1914.
Economic and Social Transformation.
Defining the Political Nation.
Broadening the Political Nation.
Outside the Political Nation? The Experience of Women.
Conclusion: The West in an Age of Mass Politics.
Justice in History: The Dreyfus Affair: Defining National Identity in France.
23. The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, 1870–1914.
Cultural Crisis: The Fin-de-Siècle and the Birth of Modernism.
The New Imperialism.
Conclusion: Reshaping the West: Expansion and Fragmentation.
Justice in History: The Trial of Oscar Wilde.
24. The First World War.
The Origins of the First World War.
The Experience of War.
War and Revolution.
Conclusion: The War and the West.
Justice in History: Revolutionary Justice: The Nontrial of Nicholas and Alexandra.
25. Reconstruction, Reaction, and Continuing Revolution: The 1920s and 1930s.
Out of the Trenches: Reconstructing Culture and Politics in the 1920s.
The Rise of the Radical Right.
The Polarization of Politics in the 1930s.
European Empires in the Interwar Era.
Conclusion: The Kingdom of Corpses.
Justice in History: The Trial of Adolf Hitler.
26. World War II.
The Coming of War.
Europe at War, 1939—1941.
The World at War, 1941—1945.
The Home Fronts: The Other Wars.
Conclusion: The New Europe, The New West.
Justice in History: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann.
27. Redefining the West After World War II.
A Dubious Peace, 1945—1949.
The West and the World: Decolonization and the Cold War.
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the 1950s and 1960s.
The West: Consensus, Consumption, and Culture.
Western Culture and Thought in the Age of Consumption.
Conclusion: New Definitions, New Divisions.
Justice in History: Show Time: The Trial of Rudolf Slánsky.
28. The West in the Contemporary Era: New Encounters, New Identities.
Economic Stagnation and Political Change: The 1970s and 1980s.
Revolution in the East.
In the Wake of Revolution.
Rethinking the West.
Conclusion: Where Is the West Now?
Justice in History: The Sentencing of Salman Rushdie.