Western Civilization / Edition 8

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Best-selling author Jackson Spielvogel has helped over one million students learn about the present by exploring the past. Spielvogel's engaging, chronological narrative weaves the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military aspects of history into a gripping story that is as memorable as it is instructive. Cengage Advantage Books: Western Civilization includes 99 maps and excerpts of over 85 primary sources that enliven the past while introducing students to the source material of historical scholarship.

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Editorial Reviews

This is the new edition of a standard survey text, prepared by Jackson J. Spielvogel (Pennsylvania State U.). The publisher has also produced, under separate ISBNs, a number of versions covering selected portions of history, so that professors can assign the abbreviated texts as appropriate for their courses. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher
"Of all the texts that I have read and used, Spielvogel provides the best overall summary. It is more balanced than any other text and its straightforward chronological approach is most suited to introductory students."

"I prefer Spielvogel to [other texts]. First of all, WESTERN CIVILIZATION has one author and reads better as a result. The reading experience is more 'seamless' for my students. [One text] didn't have enough detail, while [another text] had too much at times, or so my students claimed. Spielvogel has just the right balance."

"Bay College adopts Spielvogel because it is 'THE' text for Western Civilization. Other texts are adequate but Spielvogel presents an INTRODUCTORY view that covers the Core Concepts. Spielvogel is not too political, not too religious, not too economy-focused."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780495913245
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/1/2011
  • Series: Available Titles Aplia Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 1072
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Jackson J. Spielvogel is Associate Professor Emeritus of History at The Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. from The Ohio State University, where he specialized in Reformation history under Harold J. Grimm. His articles and reviews have appeared in journals such as Moreana, Journal of General Education, Catholic Historical Review, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, and American Historical Review. He also has contributed chapters or articles to The Social History of Reformation, THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE: A DICTIONARY HANDBOOK, the Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual of Holocaust Studies, and Utopian Studies. His work has been supported by fellowships from the Fulbright Foundation and the Foundation for Reformation Research. At Penn State, he helped inaugurate the Western Civilization course, as well as a popular course on Nazi Germany. His book HITLER AND NAZI GERMANY was published in 1987 (7th Edition, 2013). He is also the author of WESTERN CIVILIZATION, first published in 1991 (9th Edition, 2015). Professor Spielvogel has won five major university-wide teaching awards. During the year 1988?1989, he held the Penn State Teaching Fellowship, the university's most prestigious teaching award. In 1996, he won the Dean Arthur Ray Warnock Award for Outstanding Faculty member, and in 2000 received the Schreyer Honors College Excellence in Teaching Award.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction to Students of Western Civilization xiii

About the Author xvi

1 The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations 1

The First Humans 2

The Emergence of Civilization 6

Civilization in Mesopotamia 7

Egyptian Civilization: "The Gift of the Nile" 18

Opposing Viewpoints: Akhenaten's Hymn to Aten and Psalm 104 of the Hebrew Bible 30

On the Fringes of Civilization 33

Images Of Everyday Life: The Egyptian Diet 34

2 The Ancient Near East: Peoples and Empires 37

The Hebrews: "The Children of Israel" 38

The Neighbors of the Israelites 45

The Assyrian Empire 46

The Neo-Babylonian Empire 50

The Persian Empire 52

3 The Civilization of The Greeks 60

Early Greece 61

The Greeks in a Dark Age (c. 1100-c. 750 B.C) 64

The World of the Greek City-States (c. 750-c. 500 B.C.) 67

The High Point of Greek Civilization: Classical Greece 76

Culture and Society of Classical Greece 85

Opposing Viewpoints: Women in Athens and Sparta 94

4 The Hellenistic World 99

Macedonia and the Conquests of Alexander 100

The World of the Hellenistic Kingdoms 105

Hellenistic Society 112

Culture in the Hellenistic World 115

Religion in the Hellenistic World 121

5 The Roman Republic 124

The Emergence of Rome 125

The Roman Republic (c. 509-264 B.C.) 128

The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean (264-133 B.C.) 134

Society and Culture in the Roman Republic 139

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic (133-31 B.C.) 148

6 The Roman Empire 163

The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.-A.D. 14) 164

The Early Empire (14-180) 171

Images of Everyday Life: Trade the Products of Trade 177

Roman Culture and Society in theEarly Empire 178

Transformation of the Roman World: Crises in the Third Century 186

Transformation of the Roman World: The Rise of Christianity 188

7 Late Antiquity and the Emergence of the Medieval World 198

The Late Roman Empire 199

Opposing Viewpoints: Two Views of the Huns 204

The Germanic Kingdoms 209

Development of the Christian Church 214

The Byzantine Empire 224

The Rise of Islam 232

8 European Civilization in the Early Middle Ages, 750-1000 239

Europeans and the Environment 240

The World of the Carolingians 240

Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire 251

The Emerging World of Lords and Vassals 256

The Zenith of Byzantine Civilization 263

The Slavic Peoples of Central and Eastern Europe 264

The Expansion of Islam 266

9 The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the High Middle Ages 272

Land and People in the High Middle Ages 273

The New World of Trade and Cities 281

Opposing Viewpoints: Two Views of Trade and Merchants 284

Images of Everyday Life: Life in a Medieval Town 289

The Intellectual and Artistic World of the High Middle Ages 291

10 The Rise of Kingdoms and The Growth of Church Power 303

The Emergence and Growth of European Kingdoms, 1000-1300 304

The Recovery and Reform of the Catholic Church 318

Christianity and Medieval Civilization 321

The Crusades 330

Opposing Viewpoints: The Siege of Jerusalem: Christian and Muslim Perspectives 334

11 The Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century 339

A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis 340

War and Political Instability 348

The Decline of the Church 357

The Cultural World of the Fourteenth Century 363

Society in an Age of Adversity 368

Inventions and New Patterns 370

Images of Everyday Life: Entertainment in the Middle Ages 371

12 Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance 375

Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance 376

The Making of Renaissance Society 377

The Italian States in the Renaissance 383

The Intellectual Renaissance in Italy 388

Opposing Viewpoints: The Renaissance Prince: The Views of Machiavelli and Erasmus 390

The Artistic Renaissance 396

The European State in the Renaissance 403

The Church in the Renaissance 410

13 Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century 415

Prelude to Reformation 416

Martin Luther and the Reformation in Germany 419

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation 429

Opposing Viewpoints: A Reformation Debate: Conflict at Marburg 432

The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation 438

The Catholic Reformation 440

Politics and the Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century 445

4 Europe and The World: New Encounters, 1500-1800 456

On the Brink of a New World 457

New Horizons: The Portuguese and Spanish Empires 460

New Rivals on the World Stage 470

Opposing Viewpoints: West Meets East: An Exchange of Royal Letters 478

The Impact of European Expansion 483

Toward a World Economy 488

15 State Building and The Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century 493

Social Crises, War, and Rebellions 494

The Practice of Absolutism: Western Europe 502

Absolutism in Central, Eastern, and Northern Europe 513

Limited Monarchy and Republics 523

Images of Everyday Life: Dutch Domesticity 527

The Flourishing of European Culture 534

16 Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science 541

Background to the Scientific Revolution 542

Toward a New Heaven: A Revolution in Astronomy 543

Opposing Viewpoints: A New Heaven? Faith Versus Reason 552

Advances in Medicine and Chemistry 554

Women in the Origins of Modern Science 557

Toward a New Earth: Descartes, Rationalism, and a New View of Humankind 561

The Scientific Method and the Spread of Scientific Knowledge 562

Documents D-1

Index I-1

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