Western Civilization, 9/e covers the Western intellectual tradition and the significance of its ideas within a political history chronology. Known for its accessible writing style, this text appeals to students and instructors alike for its brevity, clarity, and careful selection of content including its enhanced focus on religion and philosophy. Updated with more recent scholarship, the Ninth Edition retains many popular features, including comparative timelines and full-color maps with physical geography essays. New technology resources, including an interactive eBook and CL HistorySpace with Eduspace, make learning more engaging and instruction more efficient.
Marvin Perry, now retired, taught history at Baruch College, City University of New York. He has published several successful Cengage Learning texts, including WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY (senior author and general editor); WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY; the leading Western Civilization reader, SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION; AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE; SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY SINCE 1900 (senior editor); HUMANITIES IN THE WESTERN TRADITION (senior author and general editor); and WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: A CONCISE HISTORY. His scholarly work includes ARNOLD TOYNBEE AND THE WESTERN TRADITION (1996); coauthor of ANTISEMITISM: MYTH AND HATE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT (2002); coeditor of ANTISEMITIC MYTHS: A HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ANTHOLOGY (2008); and coeditor of THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: AN ANTHOLOGY (2008). Dr. Perry's scholarly work focuses on the history of ideas.
Margaret C. Jacob is a well-known scholar in early modern European history, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her most recent book is THE FIRST KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY. HUMAN CAPITAL AND EUROPEAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 1750-1850. She currently teaches in the history department at UCLA. Her publications include: THE NEWTONIANS AND THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION (1978) and THE RADICAL ENLIGHTENMENT: PANTHEISTS, FREEMASONS, AND THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION (1981). James R. and Margaret C. Jacob have jointly edited THE ORIGINS OF ANGLO-AMERICAN RADICALISM (1983). As co-author of the Cengage Learning text WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY she contributes the chapters on the Reformation, the National State, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment.
James R. Jacob was Professor of History (now retired) at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY. His publications include ROBERT BOYLE AND THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION (1978) and HENRY STUBBE: RADICAL PROTESTANTISM AND THE EARLY ENLIGHTENMENT (1983). James R. and Margaret C. Jacob have jointly edited THE ORIGINS OF ANGLO-AMERICAN RADICALISM (1983). As co-author of the Cengage Learning text WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY he contributes the chapters on the Renaissance and European Expansion.
Myrna Chase, emerita professor, dean of liberal arts, and provost of Baruch College, City University of New York, is a specialist in 19th and 20th century western European history, with a special interest in England and France and the history of political and social ideas. She published ELIE HALEVY: AN INTELLECTUAL BIOGRAPHY (1980). As co-author of the Cengage Learning text WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY she contributes the chapters on the Industrial Revolution, the Industrial West, and Imperialism.
I. THE ANCIENT WORLD: FOUNDATION OF THE WEST TO A.D. 500 1. The Ancient Near East: The First Civilizations Prehistory The Rise to Civilization Mesopotamian Civilization Egyptian Civilization Profile: Hatchepsut Empire Builders The Religious Orientation of the Near East Primary Source: Mythical Thinking 2. The Hebrews: A New View of God and the Individual Outline of Hebrew History God: One, Sovereign, Transcendent, Good The Individual and Moral Autonomy The Covenant and the Law The Hebrew Idea of History The Prophets Profile: Jeremiah The Legacy of the Ancient Jews Primary Source: Isaiah and Social Justice 3. The Greek City-State: Democratic Politics Early Aegean Civilizations The Rise of Hellenic Civilization Evolution of the City-State Athenian Greatness The Decline of the Ciry-States The Dilemma of Greek Politics Profile: Demosthenes Primary Source: Pericles on Athenian Greatness 4. Greek Thought: From Myth to Reason Philosophy Art Poetry and Drama Profile: Hesiod History The Greek Achievement: Reason, Freedom, Humanism Primary Source: Euripides: Medea 5. The Hellenistic Age: Cultural Diffusion Alexander the Great Hellenistic Society Hellenistic Culture Profile: Polybius The Hellenistic Legacy Primary Source: Epicureanism: Living Well 6. The Roman Republic: City-State to World Empire Evolution of the Roman Constitution Roman Expansion to 146 B.C. Culture in the Republic Collapse of the Republic Profile: Cleopatra Primary Source: Polybius: The Roman Army 7. The Roman Empire: A World-State Augustus and the Foundations of the Roman Empire The Pax Romana Profile: Epictetus Signs of Trouble The Decline of Rome The Roman Legacy Primary Source: Aelius Aristides: The Blessings of the Pax Romana 8. Early Christianity: A World Religion Origins of Christianity The Spread and Triumph of Christianity Profile: Blandina The Growth of Christian Organization, Doctrine, and Attitudes Saint Augustine: The Christian World-View Christianity and Classical Humanism: Alternative World-Views Primary Source: Saint Benedict of Nursia: The Christian Way of Life II. THE MIDDLE AGES: THE CHRISTIAN CENTURIES, 500-1400 9. The Heirs of Rome: Byzantium, Islam, and Latin Christendom Byzantine Civilization: The Medieval Christian East Islamic Civilization: Its Development and Dissemination Latin Christendom: The Rise of Europe Art Essay #1: The Art of the Ancient World and the Middle Ages The Church: Shaper of Medieval Civilization The Kingdom of the Franks Profile: Saint Boniface Medieval Society Primary Source: Bishop Adalbero of Laon: The Tripartite Society 10. The High Middle Ages: Vitality and Renewal Economic Expansion The Rise of States The Growth of Papal Power Profile: Saladin Christians and Jews Primary Source: Pope Innocent III: "Royal Power Derives Its Dignity from the Pontifical Authority" 11. The Flowering of Medieval Culture: The Christian Synthesis Revival of Learning The Medieval World-View Philosophy-Theology Profile: Abelard and Heloise Science The Recovery of Roman Law Literature Architecture Primary Source: Peter Abelard: Synthesis of Reason and Faith 12. The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Dissolution An Age of Adversity The Decline of the Papacy Breakup of the Thomistic Synthesis The Middle Ages and the Modern World: Continuity and Discontinuity Profile: Joan of Arc Primary Source: Jean de Venette: The Black Death III. EARLY MODERN EUROPE: FROM RENAISSANCE TO ENLIGHTENMENT, 1350-1789 13. The Renaissance: Transition to the Modern Age Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The Renaissance Outlook: Humanism and Secular Politics The Spread of the Renaissance Profile: A Renaissance Man Art Essay #2: The Renaissance The Renaissance and the Modern Age Primary Source: Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program 14. The Reformation: The Shattering of Christian Unity The Medieval Church in Crisis The Lutheran Revolt Profile: Katharina von Bora The Spread of the Reformation The Catholic Response The Reformation and the Modern Age Primary Source: Martin Luther: Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences (1517)15. European Expansion: Economic and Social Transformations European Expansion Profile: Bartolome de las Casas The Price Revolution The Expansion of Agriculture The Expansion of Trade and Industry The Growth of Capitalism The Elite and the People Economic and Social Transformations Primary Source: Seventeenth-Century Slave Traders: Buying and Transporting Africans 16. The Rise of Sovereignty: Transition to the Modern State Monarchs and Elites as State Builders The Rise and Fall of Hapsburg Spain The Growth of French Power The Growth of Limited Monarchy and Constitutionalism in England Profile: Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1558-1603) The Netherlands: A Bourgeois Republic The Holy Roman Empire: The Failure to Unify Germany The Emergence of Austria and Prussia Russia: Great Nobles and Starving Peasants The State and Modern Political Development Primary Source: Louis XIV: Instructions for the Dauphin 17. The Scientific Revolution: The Universe Seen as a Mechanism Medieval Cosmology A New View of Nature The Newtonian Synthesis: Experiment, Mathematics, and Theory Biology, Medicine, and Chemistry Bacon and Descartes: Prophets of the New Science Art Essay #3: Art of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Social Implications of the Scientific Revolution The Meaning of the Scientific Revolution Profile: Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Primary Source: Descartes: Discourse on Method (1637) 18. The Age of Enlightenment: Reason and Reform The Formation of a Public and Secular Culture Alternatives to Orthodoxy Political Thought Social Thought Profile: Mary Wollstonecraft Economic Thought The High Enlightenment European Political and Diplomatic Developments The Enlightenment in Eastern Europe The American Revolution The Enlightenment and the Modern World Primary Source: Treatise of the Three Impostors IV. AN AGE OF REVOLUTION: LIBERAL, NATIONAL, INDUSTRIAL, 1789-1848 19. The French Revolution: Affirmation of Liberty and Equality The Old Regime The Moderate Stage, 1789-91 The Radical Stage, 1792-94 Profile: Gracchus Babeuf The Meaning of the French Revolution Primary Source: Maxmilien Robespierre: Republic of Virtue 20. Napoleon: Subverter and Preserver of the Revolution Rise to Power Napoleon and France Profile: François Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture Napoleon and Europe The Fall of Napoleon The Legend and the Achievement Primary Source: Napoleon: The Reformer 21. The Industrial Revolution: The Great Transformation Origins of the Industrial Age Profile: The Darby Family Society Transformed Relief and Reform Industrialism in Perspective Primary Source: Edward Baines: The Factory System 22. Thought and Culture in the Early Nineteenth Century Romanticism: A New Cultural Orientation German Idealism Profile: Percy Bysshe Shelley Conservatism: The Value of Tradition Liberalism: The Value of the Individual Radicalism and Democracy: The Expansion of Liberalism Early Socialism: New Possibilities for Society Nationalism: The Sacredness of the Nation Primary Source: Joseph de Maistre: Arch-Conservative 23. Revolution and Counterrevolution, 1815-1848 The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815 Revolutions, 1820-1829 Revolutions, 1830-1832 The Rise of Reform in Britain Revolutions of 1848: France Revolutions of 1848: Germany, Austria, and Italy Profile: Francis Palacky Revolutions of 1848: An Assessment Primary Source: Alexis de Torqueville: The June Days V. AN AGE OF CONTRADICTION: PROGRESS AND BREAKDOWN, 1848-1914 24. Thought and Culture in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Realism and Social Criticism Realism and Naturalism Profile: Charles Dickens Positivism Darwinism Religion in a Secular Age Marxism Anarchism Liberalism in Transition Feminism: Extending the Principle of Equality Primary Source: Darwin: The Descent of Man 25. The Surge of Nationalism: From Liberal to Extreme Nationalism The Unification of Italy The Unification of Germany The Hapsburg Empire The Rise of Racial Nationalism Profile: Richard Wagner Primary Source: The Pan-German League: Extreme Racial Nationalism 26. The Industrial West: Responses to Modernization The Advance of Industry Great Britain: An Industrial Model France: Democratic or Authoritarian? Germany: An Authoritarian State? Profile: Jean Jaurès Italy: Unfulfilled Expectations Russia: Tsarist Empire Art Essay #4: Art of the Late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries The United States: Democratic Giant A Golden Age? Primary Source: Hubertine Auclert: La Citoyenne 27. Imperialism: Western Global Dominance Emergence of the New Imperialism European Domination of Asia Profile: Gandhi The Scramble for Africa Latin America The Legacy of Imperialism Primary Source: Joseph Chamberlain: The Benefits of Empire 28. Modern Consciousness: New Views of Nature, Human Nature, and the Arts Irrationalism Freud: A New View of Human Nature Social Thought: Confronting the Irrational and the Complexities of Modern Society The Modernist Movement Profile: Joseph Conrad Modern Physics The Enlightenment Tradition in Disarray Primary Source: Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power VI. WORLD WARS AND TOTALITARIANISM: THE WEST IN CRISIS 29. World War I: The West in Despair Aggravated Nationalist Tensions in Austria-Hungary The German System of Alliances The Triple Entente Drifting Toward War War as Celebration Stalemate in the West Other Fronts Profile: Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen (the "Red Baron") Collapse of the Central Powers The Peace Conference The Russian Revolution of 1917 The War and European Consciousness Primary Source: Friedrich von Bernhardi: Germany and the Next War 30. An Era of Totalitarianism The Nature of Totalitarianism Communist Russia The Nature of Fascism The Rise of Fascism in Italy The Fascist State in Italy The New German Republic The Rise of Hitler Nazi Germany Profile: Charles Maurras Liberalism and Authoritarianism in Other Lands Primary Source: Ernst Huber: "The Authority of the Führer is... All-Inclusive and Unlimited" 31. Thought and Culture in an Era of World Wars and Totalitarianism Intellectuals and Artists in Troubled Times Profile: Leni Riefenstahl Existentialism The Modern Predicament Primary Source: Johan Huizinga: In the Shadow of Tomorrow 32. World War II: Western Civilization in the Balance The Aftermath of World War I The Road to War The Nazi Blitzkrieg The New Order Profile: Hans and Sophie Scholl Turn of the Tide The Legacy of World War II Primary Source: Historical Division, War Department: Omaha Beachhead VII. THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD: THE GLOBAL AGE, SINCE 1945 33. Europe After World War II: Recovery and Realignment, 1945-1989 The Cold War Building a New Europe Profile: Simone de Beauvoir The Soviet Bloc Decolonization Primary Source: Milovan Djilas: The New Class 34. The Troubled Present The Demise of Communism Profile: Pope John Paul II The Post-Cold War World Art Essay #5: Contemporary Art Our Global Age: Tensions and Concerns Primary Source: bin Laden: Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders