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The Brief Edition of Western Civilization presents a strong chronological and political framework and seamlessly integrates the social and cultural forces that have shaped the western past. Two related themes are pursued throughout: 1) Europe in relation to the rest of the world and non-Western influences, and 2) power in all its senses, public and private; economic, social, cultural, and political; symbolic and real.
1. The Ancestors of the West Origins, to ca. 3000 B.C. Mesopotamia, 3000 B.C. to ca. 100 B.C. Egypt, to ca. 1100 B.C. Israel, ca. 1500-400 B.C. Western Asia and the Levant, 1400-330 B.C.
2.Ancient Greece Early Greece, to ca. 750 C.C. Archaic Society and the Rise of Sparta, ca. 750-500 B.C. Athens: Archaic Greece to the Classical Ideal, ca. 650-404 B.C. Struggles for Hegemony Culture: From Archaic to Classical Greece Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World, 323-30 B.C.
3.Rome: From Republic to Empire, ca. 509-44 B.C. Before the Republic Society and Culture of the Roman Republic Government and Society in the Early and Middle Republic, ca. 509-133 B.C. From Italian City-State to World Empire The Revolution from the Gracchi to Caesar, 133-44 B.C.
4.Imperial Rome, 27 B.C.-A.D. 284 Augustus and the Principate, 27 B.C.-A.D. 68 The Roman Peace, A.D. 69-180 The Crisis of the Third Century, A.D. 180-284 Early Christianity
5.The World of Late Antiquity, ca. 300-600 Rebuilding the Roman Empire The Fourth-Century Empire: An Illusory Stability From Western Roman Empire to Germanic Kingdoms The Roman Empire in the East Christian Culture and Life
6.Early Medieval Civilizations, ca. 600-900 The Islamic East The Byzantine Empire Christian Kingdoms in the West The World of Charlemagne Early Medieval Economies and Societies
7.The Expansion of Europe, ca. 900-1150 Signs of Expansion The Traditional Order of Society Germany and the Empire Shaping the Kingdom The Growth of New States Cultural Life in an Age of Expansion A Clash of Cultures: The First Crusade
8.Medieval Civilization at Its Height, ca. 1150-1300 The Empire and the Papacy The Evolutionof Central Governments Economic Life Social and Religious Movements The Height of Medieval Culture Boniface VII and Philip IV: Crisis of Church and State, 1294-1302
9.The Transformation of Medieval Civilization, 1300-1500 The Crisis of the Western Christian Church The Challenge to Medieval Governments Formation of the Ottoman and Spanish Empires Economy and Society
10.The Renaissance Humanism and Culture in Italy, 1300-1500 The Arts in Italy, 1250-1550 The Spread of the Renaissance, 1350-1536 The Renaissance and Court Society The Renaissance Papacy
11.Europe, the Old World and the New The European Background, 1250-1492 Portuguese Voyages of Discovery, 1350-1515 Spanish Voyages of Discovery, 1492-1522 Spain's Colonial Empire, 1492-1600 The Columbian Exchange
12.The Age of the Reformation The Reformation movements, ca. 1517-1545 The Empire of Charles V The English Reformation, 1520-1603 Reform in Other States, 1523-1560 The Late Reformation, ca. 1545-1600
13.Europe in the Age of Religious War, 1555-1648 Society and the State Imperial Spain and the Limits of Power Religious and Political Crisis in France and England The Holy Roman Empire and the Thirty Years' War Society and Culture
14.Europe in the Age of Louis XIV, ca. 1610-1715 France in the Age of Absolutism The English Revolution New Powers in Central and Eastern Europe The Rise of Overseas Trade
15.A Revolution in World-View The Revolution in Astronomy The Scientific Revolution Generalized Science and Society
16.Europe on the Threshold of Modernity, ca. 1715-1789 The Enlightenment European Rulers and European Society States in Conflict Economic Expansion and Social Change
17.Revolutionary Europe, 1789-1815 Background to Revolution The French Revolution The Napoleonic Era The Impact of Revolution on France and the World
18.Restoration, Reform, and Revolution, 1814-1848 The Search for Stability: The Congress of Vienna Ideological Confrontations Restoration and Reform The Revolutions of 1848
19.The Industrial Transformation of Europe, 1750-1850 Setting the Stage for Industrialization Industrialization and European Production The Transformation of Europe and Its Environment Responses to Industrialization
20.New Powers and New Tensions, 1850-1880 The Changing Scope of International Relations Italian Unification German Unification Precarious Supranational Empires The Emergence of a Powerful United States, 1840-1880 Stability in Victorian Britain France: From Empire to Republic Russia and the Great Reforms
21.The Age of Optimism, 1850-1880 Industrial Growth and Acceleration Changing Conditions Among Social Groups Urban Problems and Solutions Social and Political Initiatives Culture in an Age of Optimism
22.Escalating Tensions, 1880-1914 From Optimism to Anxiety: Politics and Culture The New Imperialism The Democratic Powers The Autocracies The Coming War
23.War and Revolution, 1914-1919 The Unforeseen Stalemate, 1914-1917 The Experience of Total War Two Revolutions in Russia; March and November, 1917 The New War and the Entente Victory, 1917-1918 The Outcome and the Impact
24.From Stability to Crisis, 1919-1939 Economy and Society in the Interwar The Stalinist Revolution in the Soviet Union Fascist Italy Germany: From the Weimar Republic to National Socialism Fascist Challenge and Antifascist Response
25.The Era of the Second World War, 1939-1949 The Coming of World War II, 1935-1939 The Victory of Nazi Germany, 1939-1941 The Assault on the Soviet Union and the Nazi New Order A Global War, 1941-1944 The Shape of the Allied Victory, 1944-1945 Toward the Postwar World, 1945-1949
26.An Anxious Stability: The Age of the Cold War, 1949-1985 The Search for Cultural Bearings The New Social Compact in Western Europe Western Europe and the World The Soviet Union and the Communist Bloc Democracy and Its Discontents, 1968 and After
27.The West and the World in the Late Twentieth Century Challenges of Affluence in the West On the Ruins of the Communist System Europe and the West After the Bipolar Peace In the Shadow of History: The Experiment Continues Conclusion: Western Civilization in a Global Age