Western Civilization: The Continuing Experiment, Complete / Edition 2

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The Brief Edition of Western Civilization presents a strong chronological and political framework and seamlessly integrates the social and cultural forces that have shaped the western past. Two related themes are pursued throughout: 1) Europe in relation to the rest of the world and non-Western influences, and 2) power in all its senses, public and private; economic, social, cultural, and political; symbolic and real.

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Editorial Reviews

Discussing Western civilization from its origins in 3000 B.C. up to the present, 30 chapters cover the ancestors of the West; Greek and Roman, late antiquity, and the medieval civilizations; the Renaissance; European overseas expansion to 1600; the Reformation; Europe in the ages of religious wars and Louis XIV, and on the threshold of modernity; an age of revolution; the industrial transformation of Europe; restoration, reform, and revolution; optimism, tensions, war and revolution, the illusion of stability, a tortured decade (1930-39), and the era of World War II; the Cold War; and the West and the world since 1989. New features in this edition include information technology essays, focus questions, 10 to 12 definitions per chapter, chronologies, pronunciation guides, and expansion of Weighing the Evidence essays and primary sources. Illustrated with color and b&w images and maps. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780395829004
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 9/29/1997
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 1224

Meet the Author

After receiving his Ph.D. from Michigan State University, Thomas Noble taught at Albion College, Michigan State University, Texas Tech University, and the University of Virginia. In 1999 he received the University of Virginia's highest award for teaching excellence. In 2001 he became Robert M. Conway Director of the Medieval Institute at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680-825; Religion, Culture and Society in the Early Middle Ages; Soldiers of Christ: Saints and Saints' Lives from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages; Images and the Carolingians: Tradition, Order, and Worship; and From Roman Provinces to Medieval Kingdoms. Noble's articles and reviews have appeared in many leading journals, including the American Historical Review, Byzantinische Zeitschrift, Catholic Historical Review, Revue d'histoire eccl'siastique, Speculum, and Studi medievali. He has also contributed chapters to several books and articles to three encyclopedias. He was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in 1994 and the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in 1999-2000. He has been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Humanities (twice) and the American Philosophical Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Medieval Academy of America in 2004.

Professor of history and Classics at Cornell University, Barry Strauss holds a Ph.D. from Yale. He has been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, The MacDowell Colony for the Arts, the Korea Foundation, and the Killam Foundation of Canada. He is the recipient of the Clark Award for excellence in teaching from Cornell. He is Director of Cornell's Program on Freedom and Free Societies and Past Director of Cornell's Peace Studies Program. His many publications include Athens After the Peloponnesian War: Class, Faction, and Policy, 403-386 B.C."; "Fathers and Sons in Athens: Ideology and Society in the Era of the Peloponnesian War"; "The Anatomy of Error: Ancient Military Disasters and Their Lessons for Modern Strategists" (with Josiah Ober); "Hegemonic Rivalry from Thucydides to the Nuclear Age" (co-edited with R. New Lebow); "War and Democracy: A Comparative Study of the Korean War and the Peloponnesian War" (co-edited with David R. McCann); "Rowing Against the Current: On Learning to Scull at Forty"; "The Battle of Salamis, the Naval Encounter That Saved Greece—and Western Civilization"; "The Trojan War: A New History"; and "The Spartacus War." His books have been translated into six languages. His book "The Battle of Salamis" was named one of the best books of 2004 by the Washington Post."

A Fellow of the American Academy in Rome with a Ph.D. in History from the University of California at Davis, Duane Osheim is professor of history at the University of Virginia. He has held American Council of Learned Societies, American Philosophical Society, National Endowment for the Humantities and Fulbright Fellowships. He is author and editor of "A Tuscan Monastery and Its Social World"; "An Italian Lordship: The Bishopric of Lucca in the Late Middle Ages"; "Beyond Florence: The Contours of Medieval an

After receiving her Ph.D. from Brown University, Kristen Neuschel taught at Denison University and Duke University, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is a specialist in early modern French history and is the author of "Word of Honor: Interpreting Noble Culture in Sixteenth-Century France" and articles on French social history and European women's history. She has received grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Council of Learned Societies. She has als

William Cohen (of late) received his PhD from Stanford in 1968. His scholarly research focused on French Urbanization, and he was the author of "The French Encounter with Africans: White Responses to Blacks"; "European Empire Building, Rulers of Empire," and "Rober Delavignette and the French Empire," as well as numerous articles and reviews.

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Table of Contents

Preface xxiii
About the Authors xxxi
Chapter 1 The Ancestors of the West 3
Origins, to Ca. 3000 B.C. 4
Mesopotamia, to Ca. 1600 B.C. 13
Egypt, to Ca. 1100 B.C. 21
Widening Horizons: The Levant and Anatolia, 2500-1150 B.C. 30
Summary 35
Suggested Reading 35
Information Technology: Papyrus 14
Weighing the Evidence: The Iceman and His World 36
Chapter 2 The Sword, the Book, and the Myths: Western Asia and Early Greece 39
Assyrians, Neo-Babylonians, and Persians, Ca. 1200-330 B.C. 40
Israel, Ca. 1500-400 B.C. 50
Early Greece, to Ca. 725 B.C. 57
Summary 65
Suggested Reading 65
Weighing the Evidence: The Siege of Lachish 66
Chapter 3 The Age of the Polis: Greece, ca. 750-350 B.C. 69
Society and Politics in Archaic Greece, Ca. 750-500 B.C. 70
The Culture of Archaic Greece 81
Classical Greece 85
The Public Culture of Classical Greece 93
Summary 101
Suggested Reading 101
Weighing the Evidence: The Parthenon 102
Chapter 4 Alexander the Great and the Spread of Greek Civilization, ca. 350-30 B.C. 105
Philip and Alexander 107
The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323-30 B.C. 112
The Alexandrian Moment 121
The Turn Inward: New Philosophies, New Faiths 127
Summary 132
Suggested Reading 133
Weighing the Evidence: Images of Cleopatra 134
Chapter 5 Rome: From Republic to Empire, ca. 509-31 B.C. 137
Before the Republic, 753-509 B.C. 139
Government and Society in the Early and Middle Republics, Ca. 509-133 B.C. 142
From Italian City-State to World Empire, Ca. 509-133 B.C. 149
The Revolution from the Gracchi to the Caesars, 133-31 B.C. 160
Summary 168
Suggested Reading 169
Weighing the Evidence: Luxury Goods and Gender Wars in Rome 170
Chapter 6 Imperial Rome, 31 B.C.--A.D. 284 173
Augustus and the Principate, 31 B.C.--A.D. 68 174
The Roman Peace and Its Collapse, A.D. 69-284 182
Early Christianity 191
Summary 199
Suggested Reading 199
Weighing the Evidence: Gladiators 200
Chapter 7 The World of Late Antiquity, 284--ca. 600 203
Rebuilding the Roman Empire, 284-395 204
The Catholic Church and the Roman Empire, 313-604 212
The Rise of Germanic Kingdoms in the West, Ca. 370-530 219
The Roman Empire in the East, 395-565 225
Society and Culture in Late Antiquity 229
Summary 235
Suggested Reading 235
Weighing the Evidence: The Ravenna Mosaics 236
Chapter 8 Early Medieval Civilizations, 600-900 239
The Islamic East 240
The Byzantine Empire 247
Catholic Kingdoms in the West 252
The Carolingian Empire 257
Early Medieval Economies and Societies 266
Summary 271
Suggested Reading 271
Weighing the Evidence: The Manuscript Book 272
Chapter 9 The Expansion of Europe in the High Middle Ages, 900-1300 275
Economic Expansion 276
The Heirs of the Carolingian Empire: Germany, Italy, and France 284
The British Isles 295
The Growth of New States 301
The Crusades, 1095-1291 308
Summary 312
Suggested Reading 313
Weighing the Evidence: The Medieval Castle 314
Chapter 10 Medieval Civilization at Its Height, 900-1300 317
The Traditional Orders of Society 318
Social and Religious Movements, Ca. 1100-1300 328
Latin Culture: From Schools to Universities 334
The Vernacular Achievement 342
Summary 352
Suggested Reading 352
Information Technology: Paper 344
Weighing the Evidence: Stained Glass 350
Chapter 11 Crisis and Recovery in Late Medieval Europe, 1300-1500 355
The Crisis of the Western Christian Church 356
War, Disorder, and Revolts in Western Europe, 1300-1450 362
Economy and Society 371
The Consolidation of the Late Medieval Governments, 1450-1500 378
Summary 388
Suggested Reading 389
Weighing the Evidence: A Painting of the Plague 390
Chapter 12 The Renaissance 393
Humanism and Culture in Italy, 1300-1500 394
The Arts in Italy, 1250-1550 403
The Spread of the Renaissance, 1350-1536 410
The Renaissance and Court Society 418
Summary 424
Suggested Reading 425
Information Technology: The Print Revolution 414
Weighing the Evidence: The Art of Renaissance Florence 426
Chapter 13 European Overseas Expansion to 1600 429
The European Background, 1250-1492 430
Portuguese Voyages of Exploration, 1350-1515 435
Spanish Voyages of Exploration, 1492-1522 440
Spain's Colonial Empire, 1492-1600 444
The Columbian Exchange 453
Summary 456
Suggested Reading 457
Weighing the Evidence: The Ships of Exploration 458
Chapter 14 The Age of the Reformation 461
The Reformation Movements, Ca. 1517-1545 462
The Empire of Charles V (R. 1519-1556) 472
The English Reformation, 1520-1603 478
France, Scandinavia, and Eastern Europe, 1523-1560 483
The Late Reformation, Ca. 1545-1600 486
Summary 493
Suggested Reading 496
Weighing the Evidence: A Reformation Woodcut 494
Chapter 15 Europe in the Age of Religious Wars, 1560-1648 499
Economic Change and Social Tensions 500
Imperial Spain and the Limits of Royal Power 505
Religious and Political Conflict in France and England 514
The Holy Roman Empire and the Thirty Years' War, 1555-1648 523
Writing, Drama, and Art in an Age of Upheaval 529
Summary 534
Suggested Reading 535
Weighing the Evidence: Art at Court 536
Chapter 16 Europe in the Age of Louis XIV, ca. 1640-1715 539
France in the Age of Absolutism 540
English Civil War and Its Aftermath 548
New Powers in Central and Eastern Europe 553
The Expansion of Overseas Trade and Settlement 560
Summary 569
Suggested Reading 569
Weighing the Evidence: Table Manners 570
Chapter 17 A Revolution in World-View 573
The Revolution in Astronomy, 1543-1632 574
The Scientific Revolution Generalized, Ca. 1600-1700 582
The New Science: Society, Politics, and Religion 590
Summary 598
Suggested Reading 599
Weighing the Evidence: Modern Maps 600
Chapter 18 Europe on the Threshold of Modernity, ca. 1715-1789 603
The Enlightenment 604
European States in the Age of Enlightenment 617
The Widening Scope of Warfare 624
Economic Expansion and Social Change 631
Summary 637
Suggested Reading 640
Information Technology: Newspapers 614
Weighing the Evidence: Gardens 638
Chapter 19 An Age of Revolution, 1789-1815 643
The Beginnings of Revolution, 1775-1789 644
The Phases of the Revolution, 1789-1799 653
The Napoleonic Era and the Legacy of Revolution, 1799-1815 661
Summary 673
Suggested Reading 673
Weighing the Evidence: Political Symbols 674
Chapter 20 The Industrial Transformation of Europe, 1750-1850 677
Setting the Stage for Industrialization 678
Industrialization and European Production 681
The Transformation of Europe and Its Environment 690
Responses to Industrialization 699
Summary 703
Suggested Reading 703
Weighing the Evidence: Workers' Wages 704
Chapter 21 Restoration, Reform, and Revolution, 1814-1848 707
The Search for Stability: The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815 708
Ideological Confrontations 711
Restoration, Reform, and Reaction 723
The Revolutions of 1848 732
Summary 737
Suggested Reading 737
Weighing the Evidence: Raft of the "Medusa" 738
Chapter 22 Nationalism and Political Reform, 1850-1880 741
The Changing Nature of International Relations 742
Italian Unification, 1859-1870 745
German Unification, 1850-1871 750
Precarious Empires 755
The Emergence of New Political Forms in the United States and Canada, 1840-1880 761
The Development of Western Democracies 765
Summary 770
Suggested Reading 771
Weighing the Evidence: An Engraving of the British Royal Family 772
Chapter 23 The Age of Optimism, 1850-1880 775
Industrial Growth and Acceleration 777
Changing Conditions Among Social Groups 782
Urban Problems and Solutions 790
Social and Political Initiatives 793
Culture in an Age of Optimism 795
Summary 804
Suggested Reading 805
Information Technology: The Telegraph 780
Weighing the Evidence: The Modern City and Photography 806
Chapter 24 Escalating Tensions, 1880-1914 809
The New Imperialism and the Spread of Europe's Population 810
From Optimism to Anxiety: Politics and Culture 821
Vulnerable Democracies 826
Autocracies in Crisis 831
The Coming War 836
Summary 839
Suggested Reading 839
Weighing the Evidence: The Layout of the British Museum 840
Chapter 25 War and Revolution, 1914-1919 843
The Unforeseen Stalemate, 1914-1917 844
The Experiences of Total War 853
Two Revolutions in Russia: March and November 1917 857
The New War and the Allied Victory, 1917-1918 862
The Outcome and the Impact 866
Summary 874
Suggested Reading 875
Weighing the Evidence: The Poetry of World War I 876
Chapter 26 The Illusion of Stability, 1919-1930 879
The West and the World After the Great War 880
Communism, Fascism, and the New Political Spectrum 884
Toward Mass Society 895
Weimar Germany and the Trials of the New Democracies 900
The Search for Meaning in a Disordered World 904
Summary 909
Suggested Reading 909
Weighing the Evidence: Advertising 910
Chapter 27 The Tortured Decade, 1930-1939 913
The Great Depression 914
The Stalinist Revolution in the Soviet Union 920
Hitler and Nazism in Germany 924
Fascist Challenge and Antifascist Response, 1934-1939 931
The Coming of World War II, 1935-1939 937
Summary 934
Suggested Reading 934
Weighing the Evidence: Film as Propaganda 944
Chapter 28 The Era of the Second World War, 1939-1949 947
The Victory of Nazi Germany, 1939-1941 949
The Assault on the Soviet Union and the Nazi New Order 953
A Global War, 1941-1944 962
The Shape of the Allied Victory, 1944-1945 967
Into the Postwar World 974
Summary 981
Suggested Reading 981
Weighing the Evidence: Holocaust Testimony 982
Chapter 29 An Anxious Stability: The Age of the Cold War, 1949-1989 985
The Search for Cultural Bearings 986
Prosperity and Democracy in Western Europe 990
The Communist Bloc: From Consolidation to Stagnation 999
Europe, the West, and the World 1004
The Collapse of the Soviet System, 1975-1991 1011
Summary 1018
Suggested Reading 1019
Weighing the Evidence: Pop Art 1020
Chapter 30 The West and the World Since 1989 1023
The Search for a New International Order 1024
Economy and the Political Order in the Mature Democracies 1033
The Postcommunist Experiment 1041
Lifestyles and Identities in the West 1045
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