Western Civilization: The Continuing Experiment, Complete / Edition 2

Western Civilization: The Continuing Experiment, Complete / Edition 2

by Thomas F. X. Noble, Barry Strauss, Duane Osheim, Kristen Neuschel
     
 

The Brief Edition of Western Civilization presents a strong chronological and political framework and seamlessly integrates the social and cultural forces that have shaped the western past. Two related themes are pursued throughout: 1) Europe in relation to the rest of the world and non-Western influences, and 2) power in all its senses, public and private;

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Overview

The Brief Edition of Western Civilization presents a strong chronological and political framework and seamlessly integrates the social and cultural forces that have shaped the western past. Two related themes are pursued throughout: 1) Europe in relation to the rest of the world and non-Western influences, and 2) power in all its senses, public and private; economic, social, cultural, and political; symbolic and real.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780395829004
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
09/29/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
1224
Product dimensions:
8.66(w) x 10.63(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexxiii
About the Authorsxxxi
Chapter 1The Ancestors of the West3
Origins, to Ca. 3000 B.C.4
Mesopotamia, to Ca. 1600 B.C.13
Egypt, to Ca. 1100 B.C.21
Widening Horizons: The Levant and Anatolia, 2500-1150 B.C.30
Summary35
Suggested Reading35
Information Technology: Papyrus14
Weighing the Evidence: The Iceman and His World36
Chapter 2The Sword, the Book, and the Myths: Western Asia and Early Greece39
Assyrians, Neo-Babylonians, and Persians, Ca. 1200-330 B.C.40
Israel, Ca. 1500-400 B.C.50
Early Greece, to Ca. 725 B.C.57
Summary65
Suggested Reading65
Weighing the Evidence: The Siege of Lachish66
Chapter 3The Age of the Polis: Greece, ca. 750-350 B.C.69
Society and Politics in Archaic Greece, Ca. 750-500 B.C.70
The Culture of Archaic Greece81
Classical Greece85
The Public Culture of Classical Greece93
Summary101
Suggested Reading101
Weighing the Evidence: The Parthenon102
Chapter 4Alexander the Great and the Spread of Greek Civilization, ca. 350-30 B.C.105
Philip and Alexander107
The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323-30 B.C.112
The Alexandrian Moment121
The Turn Inward: New Philosophies, New Faiths127
Summary132
Suggested Reading133
Weighing the Evidence: Images of Cleopatra134
Chapter 5Rome: From Republic to Empire, ca. 509-31 B.C.137
Before the Republic, 753-509 B.C.139
Government and Society in the Early and Middle Republics, Ca. 509-133 B.C.142
From Italian City-State to World Empire, Ca. 509-133 B.C.149
The Revolution from the Gracchi to the Caesars, 133-31 B.C.160
Summary168
Suggested Reading169
Weighing the Evidence: Luxury Goods and Gender Wars in Rome170
Chapter 6Imperial Rome, 31 B.C.--A.D. 284173
Augustus and the Principate, 31 B.C.--A.D. 68174
The Roman Peace and Its Collapse, A.D. 69-284182
Early Christianity191
Summary199
Suggested Reading199
Weighing the Evidence: Gladiators200
Chapter 7The World of Late Antiquity, 284--ca. 600203
Rebuilding the Roman Empire, 284-395204
The Catholic Church and the Roman Empire, 313-604212
The Rise of Germanic Kingdoms in the West, Ca. 370-530219
The Roman Empire in the East, 395-565225
Society and Culture in Late Antiquity229
Summary235
Suggested Reading235
Weighing the Evidence: The Ravenna Mosaics236
Chapter 8Early Medieval Civilizations, 600-900239
The Islamic East240
The Byzantine Empire247
Catholic Kingdoms in the West252
The Carolingian Empire257
Early Medieval Economies and Societies266
Summary271
Suggested Reading271
Weighing the Evidence: The Manuscript Book272
Chapter 9The Expansion of Europe in the High Middle Ages, 900-1300275
Economic Expansion276
The Heirs of the Carolingian Empire: Germany, Italy, and France284
The British Isles295
The Growth of New States301
The Crusades, 1095-1291308
Summary312
Suggested Reading313
Weighing the Evidence: The Medieval Castle314
Chapter 10Medieval Civilization at Its Height, 900-1300317
The Traditional Orders of Society318
Social and Religious Movements, Ca. 1100-1300328
Latin Culture: From Schools to Universities334
The Vernacular Achievement342
Summary352
Suggested Reading352
Information Technology: Paper344
Weighing the Evidence: Stained Glass350
Chapter 11Crisis and Recovery in Late Medieval Europe, 1300-1500355
The Crisis of the Western Christian Church356
War, Disorder, and Revolts in Western Europe, 1300-1450362
Economy and Society371
The Consolidation of the Late Medieval Governments, 1450-1500378
Summary388
Suggested Reading389
Weighing the Evidence: A Painting of the Plague390
Chapter 12The Renaissance393
Humanism and Culture in Italy, 1300-1500394
The Arts in Italy, 1250-1550403
The Spread of the Renaissance, 1350-1536410
The Renaissance and Court Society418
Summary424
Suggested Reading425
Information Technology: The Print Revolution414
Weighing the Evidence: The Art of Renaissance Florence426
Chapter 13European Overseas Expansion to 1600429
The European Background, 1250-1492430
Portuguese Voyages of Exploration, 1350-1515435
Spanish Voyages of Exploration, 1492-1522440
Spain's Colonial Empire, 1492-1600444
The Columbian Exchange453
Summary456
Suggested Reading457
Weighing the Evidence: The Ships of Exploration458
Chapter 14The Age of the Reformation461
The Reformation Movements, Ca. 1517-1545462
The Empire of Charles V (R. 1519-1556)472
The English Reformation, 1520-1603478
France, Scandinavia, and Eastern Europe, 1523-1560483
The Late Reformation, Ca. 1545-1600486
Summary493
Suggested Reading496
Weighing the Evidence: A Reformation Woodcut494
Chapter 15Europe in the Age of Religious Wars, 1560-1648499
Economic Change and Social Tensions500
Imperial Spain and the Limits of Royal Power505
Religious and Political Conflict in France and England514
The Holy Roman Empire and the Thirty Years' War, 1555-1648523
Writing, Drama, and Art in an Age of Upheaval529
Summary534
Suggested Reading535
Weighing the Evidence: Art at Court536
Chapter 16Europe in the Age of Louis XIV, ca. 1640-1715539
France in the Age of Absolutism540
English Civil War and Its Aftermath548
New Powers in Central and Eastern Europe553
The Expansion of Overseas Trade and Settlement560
Summary569
Suggested Reading569
Weighing the Evidence: Table Manners570
Chapter 17A Revolution in World-View573
The Revolution in Astronomy, 1543-1632574
The Scientific Revolution Generalized, Ca. 1600-1700582
The New Science: Society, Politics, and Religion590
Summary598
Suggested Reading599
Weighing the Evidence: Modern Maps600
Chapter 18Europe on the Threshold of Modernity, ca. 1715-1789603
The Enlightenment604
European States in the Age of Enlightenment617
The Widening Scope of Warfare624
Economic Expansion and Social Change631
Summary637
Suggested Reading640
Information Technology: Newspapers614
Weighing the Evidence: Gardens638
Chapter 19An Age of Revolution, 1789-1815643
The Beginnings of Revolution, 1775-1789644
The Phases of the Revolution, 1789-1799653
The Napoleonic Era and the Legacy of Revolution, 1799-1815661
Summary673
Suggested Reading673
Weighing the Evidence: Political Symbols674
Chapter 20The Industrial Transformation of Europe, 1750-1850677
Setting the Stage for Industrialization678
Industrialization and European Production681
The Transformation of Europe and Its Environment690
Responses to Industrialization699
Summary703
Suggested Reading703
Weighing the Evidence: Workers' Wages704
Chapter 21Restoration, Reform, and Revolution, 1814-1848707
The Search for Stability: The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815708
Ideological Confrontations711
Restoration, Reform, and Reaction723
The Revolutions of 1848732
Summary737
Suggested Reading737
Weighing the Evidence: Raft of the "Medusa"738
Chapter 22Nationalism and Political Reform, 1850-1880741
The Changing Nature of International Relations742
Italian Unification, 1859-1870745
German Unification, 1850-1871750
Precarious Empires755
The Emergence of New Political Forms in the United States and Canada, 1840-1880761
The Development of Western Democracies765
Summary770
Suggested Reading771
Weighing the Evidence: An Engraving of the British Royal Family772
Chapter 23The Age of Optimism, 1850-1880775
Industrial Growth and Acceleration777
Changing Conditions Among Social Groups782
Urban Problems and Solutions790
Social and Political Initiatives793
Culture in an Age of Optimism795
Summary804
Suggested Reading805
Information Technology: The Telegraph780
Weighing the Evidence: The Modern City and Photography806
Chapter 24Escalating Tensions, 1880-1914809
The New Imperialism and the Spread of Europe's Population810
From Optimism to Anxiety: Politics and Culture821
Vulnerable Democracies826
Autocracies in Crisis831
The Coming War836
Summary839
Suggested Reading839
Weighing the Evidence: The Layout of the British Museum840
Chapter 25War and Revolution, 1914-1919843
The Unforeseen Stalemate, 1914-1917844
The Experiences of Total War853
Two Revolutions in Russia: March and November 1917857
The New War and the Allied Victory, 1917-1918862
The Outcome and the Impact866
Summary874
Suggested Reading875
Weighing the Evidence: The Poetry of World War I876
Chapter 26The Illusion of Stability, 1919-1930879
The West and the World After the Great War880
Communism, Fascism, and the New Political Spectrum884
Toward Mass Society895
Weimar Germany and the Trials of the New Democracies900
The Search for Meaning in a Disordered World904
Summary909
Suggested Reading909
Weighing the Evidence: Advertising910
Chapter 27The Tortured Decade, 1930-1939913
The Great Depression914
The Stalinist Revolution in the Soviet Union920
Hitler and Nazism in Germany924
Fascist Challenge and Antifascist Response, 1934-1939931
The Coming of World War II, 1935-1939937
Summary934
Suggested Reading934
Weighing the Evidence: Film as Propaganda944
Chapter 28The Era of the Second World War, 1939-1949947
The Victory of Nazi Germany, 1939-1941949
The Assault on the Soviet Union and the Nazi New Order953
A Global War, 1941-1944962
The Shape of the Allied Victory, 1944-1945967
Into the Postwar World974
Summary981
Suggested Reading981
Weighing the Evidence: Holocaust Testimony982
Chapter 29An Anxious Stability: The Age of the Cold War, 1949-1989985
The Search for Cultural Bearings986
Prosperity and Democracy in Western Europe990
The Communist Bloc: From Consolidation to Stagnation999
Europe, the West, and the World1004
The Collapse of the Soviet System, 1975-19911011
Summary1018
Suggested Reading1019
Weighing the Evidence: Pop Art1020
Chapter 30The West and the World Since 19891023
The Search for a New International Order1024
Economy and the Political Order in the Mature Democracies1033
The Postcommunist Experiment1041
Lifestyles and Identities in the West1045
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