Western Medicine: An Illustrated History / Edition 1

Western Medicine: An Illustrated History / Edition 1

by Irvine Loudon
     
 

ISBN-10: 0198205090

ISBN-13: 9780198205098

Pub. Date: 09/28/1997

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

From ancient religious rituals and magical incantations, to Renaissance practices such as purging, bleeding, and trepanning, to modern day miracles such as antibiotics, CAT scans, and organ transplants, the advance of western medicine has been nothing short of astonishing. Now, in this richly illustrated volume—boasting 150 pictures, including 24 pages of

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Overview

From ancient religious rituals and magical incantations, to Renaissance practices such as purging, bleeding, and trepanning, to modern day miracles such as antibiotics, CAT scans, and organ transplants, the advance of western medicine has been nothing short of astonishing. Now, in this richly illustrated volume—boasting 150 pictures, including 24 pages of color plates—readers have an authoritative and wide-ranging history of Western medicine, charting the great milestones of medical progress, from the birth of rational medicine in the classical world right up to the present day.
The history begins in ancient Greece, where medical practice, under the auspices of Hippocrates and others, first looked past supernatural explanations and began to understand disease as a product of natural causes. The book examines the contributions of the great Islamic physicians, such as Rhazes (Al-Razi) and Avicenna (Ibn-Sina), who had a profound impact on the practice of medieval medicine, and it chronicles the slow growth of medical knowledge through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, illuminating the work of figures such as Paracelsus, Vesalius, and William Harvey (who explained how blood circulates through the body). But it has been in the last two centuries that medical practice has made its greatest strides, and Western Medicine provides informative portraits of figures as Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch (the fathers of bacteriology), Wilhelm Roentgen (discoverer of x-rays), and Paul Ehrlich (who pioneered the use of chemicals to destroy disease-causing organisms), and many others. And as the contributors highlight the great medical discoveries, they also cover broader medical and social themes, examining for instance the rise of medical training in universities (beginning around 1200 AD), the relationship in the Renaissance between medicine and art, and the tension between the church and an increasingly secularized medical professional class, tension that continues to this day. The book also explores nursing, midwifery, and the rise of the hospital, traces our slow understanding of the patterns of epidemics and the geography of disease (tracking for example the devastating effects of disease brought about through colonization and the slave trade), and charts our changing attitudes towards child birth, mental disease, and the doctor-patient relationship.
Authoritative, informative, and beautifully designed, this volume offers a fascinating introduction to medicine in the West. In addition to its generous illustrations, the volume includes a glossary, an extended list of suggested further reading, a chronology, and a full index, making it an indispensable reference for anyone interested in medical history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198205098
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/28/1997
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
9.60(w) x 7.20(h) x 1.20(d)
Lexile:
1520L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Colour Illustrations; List of Contributors
I. FROM THE HIPPOCRATIC CORPUS TO TWENTIETH-CENTURY MEDICINE
1. Medicine in View: Art and Visual Representation, Martin Kemp
2. Medicine in the Classical World, James Longrigg
3. Europe and Islam, Emilie Savage-Smith
4. Medicine in the Middle Ages c.500-1350, Michael McVaugh
5. Medicine and the Renaissance, Katherine Park
6. From the Scientific Revolution to Germ Theory, Harold Cook
7. From Germ Theory to 1945, E. M. Tansey
8. From 1950 to the Present, Stephen Lock
II. MEDICINE IN CONTEXT
9. The Growth of Medical Education and the Medical Profession, Lisa Rosner
10. The Rise of the Modern Hospital, Ulrich Trohler & Cay-Rudiger Prull
11. Epidemics and the Geography of Disease, Mary Dobson
12. Nurses and Ancilliaries in the Christian Era, Anne Summers
13. Childbirth, Irvine Loudon
14. Children in Hospital 1850-1990, J. A. Walker-Smith
15. Medicine and the Mind, Michael Neve
16. The Spread of Western Medicine, Michael Worboys
17. Unofficial and Unorthodox Medicine, Margaret Pelling
18. Medicine, Politics, and the State, Jane Lewis
19. The Patient's View, Anne Digby
Glossary; Chronology; Index

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