Westward Expansion: Almanac


Summarizes for high school students the expansion by descendants of northern Europeans across the North American continent between 1763 and 1890. The Pendergasts, about whom no information is provided, try very hard to consider the perspective of native, Spanish, Mexican, and French people, but it does so get in the way of the story they want to tell. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Summarizes for high school students the expansion by descendants of northern Europeans across the North American continent between 1763 and 1890. The Pendergasts, about whom no information is provided, try very hard to consider the perspective of native, Spanish, Mexican, and French people, but it does so get in the way of the story they want to tell. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Editorial Reviews

This one-volume reference covers the beginning of U.S. territorial expansion in 1812 through the 1900s and considers what the westward movement left in its wake. The eleven chapters are organized thematically with an opening chronology, a concluding essay, and a thorough index. Along with the standard information on the Gold Rush, Pony Express, the Donner Party, and Sacajewea, there is cultural information that is often omitted from standard texts, such as the "Handcart Song" of the Mormon pioneers. The tale of the Native Americans is woven in throughout, including information about Tecumseh, Geronimo, Crazy Horse, and Red Cloud. Maps depicting the Cattle Kingdom, European colonization of North America, the westward trails, the Louisiana Purchase, and the journey of Lewis and Clark are included. There is a glossary in the front, and words new to a young reader are defined within the text. The book concludes with an essay on how the frontier movement shaped the American character and psyche. Each chapter end with a list of further reading, and a bibliography and Web site list appear in the back. Many sources quoted are secondary, and most photographs are uncredited as to time, place, or people depicted in them; however, this resource is appropriate for ready-reference questions and beginning research on the westward movement. Glossary. Index. Illus. Photos. Maps. Biblio. Further Reading. Chronology. 2000, Gale, 254p. PLB $42. Ages 12 to Adult. Reviewer: Hillary Theyer SOURCE: VOYA, August 2001 (Vol. 24, No. 3)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780787648626
  • Publisher: Gale Group
  • Publication date: 7/28/2000
  • Series: Westward Expansion Reference Library
  • Pages: 304
  • Age range: 10 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction xi
Reader's Guide xv
Timeline xvii
Words to Know xxxv
Research and Activity Ideas xliii
Chapter 1 Claiming the Near West: Territorial Expansion to 1812 1
Disrupting the Balance of Power 2
The French and Indian War (1754-63) 3
Opening the West 4
The Revolutionary War (1776-83) 5
The Ordinance of 1785 7
Excerpt from the Land Ordinance of 1785 (box) 7
The Northwest Ordinance 8
Taking Indian Land 9
Land Sales 10
Carving Farms from the Forest 10
Obstacles to Expansion 12
The Louisiana Purchase 14
The Coming of the War of 1812 16
Tecumseh and Indian Resistance 16
The Battle of New Orleans (box) 17
Chapter 2 Opening the West 21
The Fur Trade 22
Claiming the Land 23
Discovering the Land's Riches: Lewis and Clark 24
Sacajawea (box) 28
The Inhabited West 29
Founding Astoria 33
Trappers Map the West 34
Topographical Engineers 35
The Mountain Man Rendezvous (box) 36
John Fremont, Promoter of the West 37
Mapping the Inland Territories 40
Chapter 3 Driving the Indians Westward: Indian Removal to 1840 43
First Encounters 44
Following God's Plan 44
The White Tide 45
Early Hostilities 46
Dividing the Land 46
Fighting for the Old Northwest 48
Little Turtle's War 49
Defeating Tecumseh 49
Driving Native Americans Westward 52
Andrew Jackson, Indian Fighter 52
The Seminole Wars 52
Indian Removal 53
The Trail of Tears 54
Manifest Destiny and the Plight of Native Americans 55
Chapter 4 Claiming the Far West: Territorial Expansion after 1812 59
The Dreams of a President 60
The Drive for Expansion 62
Manifest Destiny (box) 63
Texas 64
Acquiring the Oregon Territory 66
War with Mexico 68
The Gadsden Purchase (box) 70
Populating the West 70
Land and Gold 70
Farmers and Ranchers 72
The End of the Frontier 74
Chapter 5 Trails West 77
The First Expeditions 77
The Father of the Santa Fe Trail 79
Susan Shelby Magoffin: A Woman on the Santa Fe Trail (box) 80
Near Death at the Cimarron Cutoff 80
Danger on the Trail 82
The Oregon Trail 84
The Great Migration 86
The Routes West 88
Stocking a Wagon 92
The Donner Party (box) 94
Indians on the Trail 96
Death on the Trail 97
Other Dreams, Other Trails 98
Trails' End 102
Chapter 6 The Gold Rush 105
California before the Gold Rush 106
The Discovery of Gold 110
John Sutter (box) 113
Gold Fever 114
Getting There 115
Levi Strauss (box) 118
In the Goldfields 120
The Mining Camps 122
Vigilante Justice 123
A Diverse Country 124
Modern Robin Hood: Joaquin Murieta 126
Gold Rush Legacy 126
Chapter 7 Winning the West: Indian Wars after 1840 131
Indians of the Southwest 132
Navajo Resistance 133
The Apache 135
Cochise 136
Blood on the Plains 137
The Sand Creek Massacre 139
Geronimo (box) 139
The War Escalates 140
Black Hills Battles 141
The Battle of Little Bighorn 142
The End of the Indian Wars 143
Chapter 8 Westward Expansion and Indian Culture 149
The Common Culture of Trade 149
The End of Native American Power 151
The Iroquois 152
The Navajo 155
The Plains Indians 159
Using the Buffalo (box) 162
Chapter 9 The Wild West 169
Guns and Lawlessness 170
The Gold Rush 170
The Cowboy Frontier 172
The Cattle Boom 174
The Cattle Drive (box) 176
The Wild Life of a Cattle Town 178
Dancing Cowboys (box) 180
Cowboys and Killers 181
The Fence Cutter's War 183
The End of the Wild West 184
Chapter 10 Religion and the West 187
The First Missionaries 187
Native American Religious Traditions 188
Protestant Missionaries 193
Mormons 196
Peter Cartwright, Methodist Preacher (box) 197
Some Must Push and Some Must Pull (box) 200
Chapter 11 Technology and the Making of the West 205
Canals 206
The Stagecoach 209
Black Bart (box) 212
Railroads 213
Mary Fields (box) 214
Guns 217
The Pony Express 221
The Telegraph 223
Barbed Wire 225
The Barbed Wire Industry (box) 226
The Frontier and American Character 231
Defining the Frontier 232
The Call of the West 233
The Difficulties of Moving West (box) 234
Manifest Destiny 235
The American Character 236
Democracy and the Frontier 237
Spreading the Myth 240
James Fenimore Cooper (box) 241
Where to Learn More 247
Index 249
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