What Effective Schools Do: Re-Envisioning the Correlates


Developed from groundbreaking research, the seven correlates of effective schools remain powerful indicators of successful places where all children learn, regardless of socioeconomic status or ethnicity. What Effective Schools Do examines the correlates in light of current trends, research, and practice in education. The authors show how to implement a continuous school improvement system and provide a comprehensive description of best practices that have been proven to work through decades of school reform ...

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What Effective Schools Do: Re-Envisioning the Correlates

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Developed from groundbreaking research, the seven correlates of effective schools remain powerful indicators of successful places where all children learn, regardless of socioeconomic status or ethnicity. What Effective Schools Do examines the correlates in light of current trends, research, and practice in education. The authors show how to implement a continuous school improvement system and provide a comprehensive description of best practices that have been proven to work through decades of school reform movements. Taken together, the correlates are more than just theory; they are what effective schools do.

What Effective Schools Do will help educators:

Use the correlates as leading indicators of learning.

Create a data dashboard for monitoring results.

Implement the correlates in a systematic way to achieve ongoing school improvement.

Understand the historical, political, and conceptual development of the effective schools concept.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Dawna Lisa Buchanan
This organized treatise on effective schools is "must" reading material for school leaders at all levels of public education. The authors outline the history and cultural contexts of schooling in the United States and past measures of accepted practices and standards. They address the powerful need for change to support an increasingly diverse, technologically driven world, particularly in terms of American socioeconomic trends, resources, attitudes and, most significantly, success. The paradigm for systemic change includes the basic correlates of effective schools: high expectations for success; strong instructional leadership; clear and focused mission; opportunity to learn/time on task; frequent monitoring of student progress; safe and orderly environment, and positive home-school relations. The text "unpacks" each correlate with clear, well-reasoned discussion, supported by strong research evidence. Multiple examples of tools for data collection and survey responses, as well as resources that could be implemented by even the smallest or poorest school district are included. Problems of resistance, differences and diverse philosophies are not ignored; instead practical and well-reasoned approaches to overcome these challenges are offered. This book is useful because it does not downplay the magnitude of either the problems or the efforts that must be made to correct them, and for the most part, the narrative maintains a quietly objective voice. In concluding, however, the authors do leave us with a powerful call to action. "Continuous school improvement based on the effective schools research and attendant practices is not a technical adjustment in the ways of the school, and it is not an intellectual calculation; rather, it is a moral journey, first and foremost." (page 142). Reviewer: Dawna Lisa Buchanan
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781935249511
  • Publisher: Solution Tree
  • Publication date: 9/28/2010
  • Pages: 176
  • Sales rank: 360,188
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors ix

Introduction 1

Re-Envisioning the Correlates of Effective Schools 2

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 2

Using the Correlates 3

Developing a Data Dashboard 3

Features of This Book 6

Part I The Correlates of Effective Schools in Context 9

Chapter 1 Evolution of the Effective Schools Concept 11

A Short History of Public Education in the United States 11

The Sameness Standard Under Siege 13

The Effective School Defined 15

The Search for Effective Schools 16

Effective School Milestones: The Challenge 21

Conclusion 27

Chapter 2 A Systems Approach to the Correlates of Effective Schools 29

The School as a System 29

Systemic Forces For and Against Change 31

The Role of the Correlates in the System 31

Interdependence Among the Correlates 34

Conclusion 36

Part II The Correlates of Effective Schools Defined 37

Chapter 3 High Expectations for Success 39

Schoolwide Efficacy and Expectations 41

The Roots of Educational Expectations 42

The Expectations Elephant in the Room 43

High Expectations in Action 44

High Expectations and Leadership 44

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 45

Developing a Data Dashboard 49

Conclusion 50

Chapter 4 Strong Instructional Leadership 51

Learning to Lead 52

Leadership and Authority 52

Leadership Qualities 54

Leadership Style and Sustainable Change 55

Leaders Must Be Students of History 58

Instructional Leadership in Action 58

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 58

Developing a Data Dashboard 62

Conclusion 64

Chapter 5 Clear and Focused Mission 65

Word Choice Makes a Big Difference 66

Avoiding Mission Drift 66

School Culture and Mission 67

Courageous Mission Statements 68

Clear and Focused Mission in Action 68

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 69

Developing a Data Dashboard 71

Conclusion 73

Chapter 6 Opportunity to Learn/Time on Task 75

Opportunity to Learn and School Readiness 75

Opportunity to Learn and the System in Place 76

The Role of Technology in Expanding Time on Task and Opportunity to Learn 78

Time on Task and Essential Learnings 79

Curriculum Alignment and Opportunity to Learn 80

Opportunity to Learn/Time on Task in Action 81

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 81

Developing a Data Dashboard 85

Opportunity to Learn 86

Time on Task 87

Conclusion 89

Chapter 7 Frequent Monitoring of Student Progress 91

Frequent Monitoring-More Than Testing 92

The Critical Role of Feedback 92

How Frequent Is Frequent? 93

The Just-in-Time Intervention System 93

The Consequences of Inadequate Monitoring 94

Frequent Monitoring and High-Stakes Testing 95

Frequent Monitoring in Action 95

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 96

Developing a Data Dashboard 98

Conclusion 100

Chapter 8 Safe and Orderly Environment 101

Safe and Orderly Environment as a Product of School Culture 102

An Expanded Interpretation of Safe and Orderly Environment 103

Positive School Culture and Achievement 104

Safe and Orderly Environment in Action 105

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 106

Developing a Data Dashboard 110

Conclusion 113

Chapter 9 Positive Home-School Relations 115

History of Parent Involvement in Schooling in the U.S. 116

The Importance of Parent Involvement 117

The Elements of Parent Involvement 117

Positive Home-School Relations in Action 119

Practitioner Perspectives and Insights 120

Developing a Data Dashboard 124

Conclusion 127

Part III Putting the Correlates to Work in an Effective Learning System 129

Chapter 10 The Correlates in Action: A Continuous School Improvement System 131

Creating the Context for the Effective Learning System 132

Continuous School Improvement Based on Effective Schools Research 135

The Continuous Improvement System 135

School Effectiveness and Teacher Effectiveness 141

A Final Thought Addressed to School Leaders 142

Appendix A Suggested Foundational Research Readings on the Correlates of Effective Schools 143

Appendix B Effective Schools Online Tools 145

Reality Check 145

Effective Schools Research LiNK 145

References and Resources 147

Index 157

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