What Is Meaning?

What Is Meaning?

by Scott Soames
     
 

The tradition descending from Frege and Russell has typically treated theories of meaning either as theories of meanings (propositions expressed), or as theories of truth conditions. However, propositions of the classical sort don't exist, and truth conditions can't provide all the information required by a theory of meaning. In this book, one of the world's leading… See more details below

Overview

The tradition descending from Frege and Russell has typically treated theories of meaning either as theories of meanings (propositions expressed), or as theories of truth conditions. However, propositions of the classical sort don't exist, and truth conditions can't provide all the information required by a theory of meaning. In this book, one of the world's leading philosophers of language offers a way out of this dilemma. Traditionally conceived, propositions are denizens of a "third realm" beyond mind and matter, "grasped" by mysterious Platonic intuition. As conceived here, they are cognitive-event types in which agents predicate properties and relations of things--in using language, in perception, and in nonlinguistic thought. Because of this, one's acquaintance with, and knowledge of, propositions is acquaintance with, and knowledge of, events of one's cognitive life. This view also solves the problem of "the unity of the proposition" by explaining how propositions can be genuinely representational, and therefore bearers of truth. The problem, in the traditional conception, is that sentences, utterances, and mental states are representational because of the relations they bear to inherently representational Platonic complexes of universals and particulars. Since we have no way of understanding how such structures can be representational, independent of interpretations placed on them by agents, the problem is unsolvable when so conceived. However, when propositions are taken to be cognitive-event types, the order of explanation is reversed and a natural solution emerges. Propositions are representational because they are constitutively related to inherently representational cognitive acts. Strikingly original, What Is Meaning? is a major advance.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691146409
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/09/2010
Series:
Soochow University Lectures in Philosophy Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
144
Product dimensions:
5.70(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Chapter 1: Meanings 1

Chapter 2: Frege and Russell: The Real Problem of "the Unity of the Proposition" 11

Chapter 3: Why Truth Conditions Are Not Enough 33

Chapter 4: Propositions and Attitudes: Davidson's Challenge and Russell's Neglected Insight 49

Chapter 5: Toward a Theory of Propositions: A Deflationary Account 69

Chapter 6: The Cognitive-Realist Theory of Propositions 99

Chapter 7: Expanding the Cognitive-Realist Model 109

Index 131

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