Overview

"Assuming only the most basic background in linguistics, What is Morphology? provides a concise, critical introduction to the central ideas and perennial problems of morphology. Designed to familiarize beginning students and specialists alike with the importance of morphology as a subject to research, this volume moves organically from the morphological "facts of everyday life" to important relationships with phonology, syntax, and semantics." What is Morphology? equips readers with the skills to analyze a wealth of classic morphological issues
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What is Morphology

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Overview

"Assuming only the most basic background in linguistics, What is Morphology? provides a concise, critical introduction to the central ideas and perennial problems of morphology. Designed to familiarize beginning students and specialists alike with the importance of morphology as a subject to research, this volume moves organically from the morphological "facts of everyday life" to important relationships with phonology, syntax, and semantics." What is Morphology? equips readers with the skills to analyze a wealth of classic morphological issues through narration and by direct example. This includes detailed discussion of the complex morphology of one West African language, Kujamaat Joola, and many useful exercises at the ends of the chapters.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“This characteristic of the book particularly recommends it for teaching, as it is often the case that undergraduate students are reluctant to engage in argumentation and favor prescriptive contents. This book manages to lure the student into thinking and arguing rather than learning definitions.” (Anglistik, 2 September 2012)

"The intended audience is undergraduate students in linguistics but the text is accessible enough for a person from a general audience wanting to understand the basic concepts in morphological theory and practice in linguistics." (Linguist, 25 June 2011)

“Aronoff and Fudeman have produced a clear and jargon-free introduction to contemporary morphological theory and practice. The book succeeds particularly in clarifying the empirical content, organizational principles and analytic techniques that distinguish morphology from other areas of linguistics.”
James P. Blevins, University of Cambridge

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781444351767
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 7/11/2011
  • Series: Fundamentals of Linguistics , #8
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 312
  • Sales rank: 387,397
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

Mark Aronoff is Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University (SUNY). He is co-editor, with Janie Rees-Miller, of The Handbook of Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell, 2001), and served as editor of the journal Language from 1995 to 2000.

Kirsten Fudeman is Professor of French at the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of Vernacular Voices: Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities (2010).

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Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

Abbreviations.

Remarks on Transcription.

The International Phonetic Alphabet.

1 Thinking about Morphology and Morphological Analysis.

1.1 What is Morphology?

1.2 Morphemes.

1.3 Morphology in Action.

1.4 Background and Beliefs.

1.5 Introduction to Morphological Analysis.

1.6 Summary.

Introduction to Kujamaat Jóola.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

2 Words and Lexemes.

2.1 What is a Word?

  2.2 Empirical Tests for Wordhood.

2.3 Types of Words.

2.4 Inflection vs. Derivation.

2.5 Two Approaches to Morphology: Item-and-Arrangement, Item-and-Process.

2.6 The Lexicon.

2.7 Summary.

Kujamaat Jóola Noun Classes.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

3 Morphology and Phonology.

3.1 Allomorphs.

3.2 Prosodic Morphology.

3.3 Primary and Secondary Affixes.

3.4 Linguistic Exaptation, Leveling, and Analogy.

3.5 Morphophonology and Secret Languages.

3.6 Summary.

Kujamaat Jóola Morphophonology.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

4 Derivation and the Lexicon.

4.1 The Saussurean Sign.

4.2 Motivation and Compositionality.

4.3 Derivation and Structure.

4.4 Summary.

Derivation in Kujamaat Jóola.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

5 Derivation and Semantics.

5.1 The Polysemy Problem.

5.2 The Semantics of Derived Lexemes.

5.3 Summary.

Derivation and Verbs in Kujamaat Jóola.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

6 Inflection.

6.1 What is Inflection?

6.2 Inflection vs. Derivation.

6.3 Inventory of Inflectional Morphology Types.

6.4 Syncretism.

6.5 Typology.

6.6 Summary.

Agreement in Kujamaat Jóola.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

7 Morphology and Syntax.

7.1 Morphological vs. Syntactic Inflection.

7.2 Structural Constraints on Morphological Inflection.

7.3 Inflection and Universal Grammar.

7.4 Grammatical Function Change.

7.5 Summary.

Kujamaat Jóola Verb Morphology.

A Brief Survey of Kujamaat Jóola Syntax.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

8 Morphological Productivity and the Mental Lexicon.

8.1 What is Morphological Productivity?

  8.2 Productivity and Structure: Negative Prefixes in English.

8.3 Degrees of Productivity.

8.4 Salience and Productivity.

8.5 Testing Productivity.

8.6 Conclusion.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

Glossary.

References.

Index.

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