What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics / Edition 1

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics / Edition 1

by Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, Daniel Moore
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1405175443

ISBN-13: 9781405175449

Pub. Date: 03/01/2010

Publisher: Wiley

Nanotechnology is an immensely complex area poised to impact virtually all areas of life, ushering in the next technological revolution.

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter? provides a balanced understanding of this important emerging technology and the social and ethical issues that come from it. Divided into three sections, the book starts with

Overview

Nanotechnology is an immensely complex area poised to impact virtually all areas of life, ushering in the next technological revolution.

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter? provides a balanced understanding of this important emerging technology and the social and ethical issues that come from it. Divided into three sections, the book starts with a substantial introduction to the science of nanotechnology, then attends to basic issues and principles such as risk and regulations needed to evaluate nanotechnology’s impact, with the final section closely examining some of the most important areas of application, such as environmental, privacy, military, medical and enhancement, as well as their ethical and social implications.

Designed for students in ethics and technology, What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter? is also an invaluable resource for policymakers, scientists, and industry executives.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405175449
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
03/01/2010
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Unit I What Is Nanotechnology? 1

1 The Basics of Nanotechnology 3

1.1 Definitions and Scales 3

1.2 The Origins of Nanotechnology 5

1.3 The Current State of Nanotechnology 8

1.4 The Future of Nanotechnology 12

1.5 Nanotechnology in Nature and Applications 16

2 Tools of the Trade 20

2.1 Seeing the Nanoscale 21

2.2 Basic Governing Theories 30

3 Nanomaterials 36

3.1 Formation of Materials 36

3.2 Carbon Nanomaterials 37

3.3 Inorganic Nanomaterials 44

4 Applied Nanotechnology 56

4.1 Using Nanomaterials 56

4.2 Nanotechnology Computing and Robotics 62

4.3 Predicting the Future of Technology 67

Unit II Risk, Regulation, and Fairness 71

5 Risk and Precaution 73

5.1 Risk 73

5.2 Cost–Benefit Analysis 79

5.3 Precautionary Principles 82

5.4 Evaluating the Precautionary Principle 89

6 Regulating Nanotechnology 96

6.1 The Stricter-Law Argument 97

6.2 Learning from History 100

6.3 Objections to the Stricter-Law Argument 102

6.4 An Interim Solution? 120

6.5 Putting the Pieces Together 124

7 Equity and Access 126

7.1 Distributive Justice 127

7.2 Nanotechnology and the Developing World 132

7.3 Water Purification 135

7.4 Solar Energy 140

7.5 Medicine 143

7.6 Nanotechnology, the Developing World, and Distributive Justice 145

Unit III Ethical and Social Implications 151

8 Environment 153

8.1 Society, Technology, and the Environment 154

8.2 Environmental Risks of Nanotechnology 159

8.3 Nanotechnology Solutions to Environmental Problems 161

8.4 Overall Assessments: Risk and Precaution 168

9 Military 170

9.1 The Military and Technology 170

9.2 A Nano-Enabled Military 173

9.3 A Nano-Enabled Defense System 177

9.4 Ethical Concerns 179

10 Privacy 185

10.1 Historical and Legal Background 186

10.2 Philosophical Foundations 192

10.3 Radio Frequency Identity Chips 198

10.4 Item-Level Tagging 201

10.5 Human Implants 204

10.6 RFID-Chipped Identification 207

10.7 Is RFID a Threat to Privacy? 210

11 Medicine 215

11.1 The Rise of Nanomedicine 216

11.2 Diagnostics and Medical Records 219

11.3 Treatment 223

11.4 Moving Forward 227

12 Human Enhancement 230

12.1 What is Human Enhancement? 231

12.2 Defining Human Enhancement 234

12.3 The Therapy–Enhancement Distinction 237

12.4 Human Enhancement Scenarios 240

12.5 Untangling the Issues in Human Enhancement 243

12.6 Restricting Human Enhancement Technologies? 252

13 Conclusion 254

13.1 Chapter Summaries 255

13.2 Final Thoughts and Future Investigations 258

References 261

Index 282

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