What it Takes: Academic Writing in College

Overview

What It Takes: Academic Writing in College prepares the reader for the most common college writing assignments: the summary, the critique, the synthesis, and the analysis.

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Overview

What It Takes: Academic Writing in College prepares the reader for the most common college writing assignments: the summary, the critique, the synthesis, and the analysis.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205864843
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 7/12/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 192
  • Sales rank: 194,804
  • Product dimensions: 4.90 (w) x 7.40 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

A Note to the Student

CHAPTER 1 Summary

What Is a Summary?

Can a Summary Be Objective?

Using the Summary

Box: Where Do We Find Written Summaries?

The Reading Process

Box: Critical Reading for Summary

How to Write Summaries

Box: Guidelines for Writing Summaries

Demonstration: Summary

”Will Your Job Be Exported?”

Alan S. Blinder

Read, Reread, Highlight

Divide into Stages of Thought

Write a Brief Summary of Each Stage of Thought

Write a Thesis: A Brief Summary of the Entire Passage

Write the First Draft of the Summary

Summary 1: Combine Thesis Sentence with Brief
Section Summaries

The Strategy of the Shorter Summary

Summary 2: Combine Thesis Sentence, Section Summaries, and Carefully Chosen Details

The Strategy of the Longer Summary

How Long Should a Summary Be?

Avoiding Plagiarism

Box: Rules for Avoiding Plagiarism

Chapter 2 Critical Reading and Critique

Critical Reading

Question 1: To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?

Box: Where Do We Find Written Critiques?

Writing to Inform

Evaluating Informative Writing

Writing to Persuade

Evaluating Persuasive Writing

“The Moon We Left Behind”

Charles Krauthammer

Persuasive Strategies

Logical Argumentation: Avoiding Logical Fallacies

Box: Tone 49

Writing to Entertain 53

Question 2: To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author?

Identify Points of Agreement and Disagreement

Explore the Reasons for Agreement and Disagreement:
Evaluate Assumptions

Inferring and Implying Assumptions

An Example of Hidden Assumptions from the World of Finance

Critique

How to Write Critiques

Box: Guidelines for Writing Critiques

Demonstration: Critique

To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?

To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author? Evaluate Assumptions.

Model Critique: A Critique of Charles Krauthammer’s “The Moon We Left Behind”

Box: Critical Reading for Critique

The Strategy of the Critique

Chapter 3 Explanatory Synthesis

What Is a Synthesis?

Summary and Critique as a Basis for Synthesis

Inference: Moving Beyond Summary and Critique

Purpose

Example: Same Sources, Different Uses

Box: Where Do We Find Written Syntheses?

Using Your Sources

Types of Syntheses: Argument

Explanation: News Article from the New York Times

“While Warning About Fat, U.S. Pushes Cheese Sales” — Michael Moss

Argument: Editorial from the Boston Globe

“Got Too Much Cheese?” — Derrick Z. Jackson

What Are Genetically Modified (GM) Foods?

“Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms” — The United States Department of Energy

“Why a GM Freeze?” — The GM Freeze Campaign

How to Write Syntheses

Box: Guidelines for Writing Syntheses

The Argument Synthesis

The Elements of Argument: Claim, Support, and Assumption

Ethos

Pathos

Demonstration: Developing an Argument Synthesis–Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech

”Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007: Report of the Review Panel”

“Virgina Tech Massacre Has Altered Campus Mental
Health Systems”

Associated Press

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

Consider Your Purpose

Making a Claim: Formulate a Thesis

Decide How You Will Use Your Source Material

Develop an Organizational Plan

Formulate an Argument Strategy

Draft and Revise Your Synthesis

Model Synthesis: Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech — David Harrison

The Strategy of the Argument Synthesis

Developing and Organizing the Support for Your Arguments

Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote Supporting Evidence

Provide Various Types of Evidence and Motivational Appeals

Use Climactic Order

Use Logical or Conventional Order

Present and Respond to Counterarguments

Use Concession

BOX: Developing and Organizing Support for Your Arguments

The Comparison-and-Contrast Synthesis

Organizing Comparison-and-Contrast Syntheses

Organizing by Source or Subject

Organizing by Criteria

A Case for Comparison-and-Contrast: World War I and World War II

Comparison-and-Contrast (Organized by Criteria)

Model Exam Response

The Strategy of the Exam Response

Chapter 4 Analysis

What Is an Analysis?

Box: Where Do We Find Written Analyses?

How to Write Analyses

“The Plug-In Drug”

Marie Winn

Locate and Apply an Analytic Tool

Locate an Analytics Tool

Apply the Analytic Tool

Analysis Across the Curriculum

Box: Guidelines for Writing Analysis

Formulate a Thesis

Develop an Organizational Plan

Turning Key Elements of a Principle or Definition into Questions

Developing the Paragraph-by-Paragraph Logic of Your Paper

Draft and Revise Your Analysis

Write an Analysis, Not a Summary

Make Your Analysis Systematic

Answer the “So What?” Question

Attribute Sources Appropriately

Box: Critical Reading for Analysis

When Your Perspective Guides the Analysis

Demonstration: Analysis

Model Analysis: “The Case of the Missing Kidney: An Analysis of Rumor” — Linda Shanker

The Strategy of the Analysis

Credits

Index

APA Documentation: Basic Formats

MLA Documentation: Basic Formats

Checklist Survey

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