What Philosophers Know: Case Studies in Recent Analytic Philosophy

What Philosophers Know: Case Studies in Recent Analytic Philosophy

by Gary Gutting
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521856213

ISBN-13: 9780521856218

Pub. Date: 05/31/2009

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Philosophy has never delivered on its promise to settle the great moral and religious questions of human existence, and even most philosophers conclude that it does not offer an established body of disciplinary knowledge. Gary Gutting challenges this view by examining detailed case studies of recent achievements by analytic philosophers such as Quine, Kripke,

Overview

Philosophy has never delivered on its promise to settle the great moral and religious questions of human existence, and even most philosophers conclude that it does not offer an established body of disciplinary knowledge. Gary Gutting challenges this view by examining detailed case studies of recent achievements by analytic philosophers such as Quine, Kripke, Gettier, Lewis, Chalmers, Plantinga, Kuhn, Rawls, and Rorty. He shows that these philosophers have indeed produced a substantial body of disciplinary knowledge, but he challenges many common views about what philosophers have achieved. Topics discussed include the role of argument in philosophy, naturalist and experimentalist challenges to the status of philosophical intuitions, the importance of pre-philosophical convictions, Rawls' method of reflective equilibrium, and Rorty's challenge to the idea of objective philosophical truth. The book offers a lucid survey of recent analytic work and presents a new understanding of philosophy as an important source of knowledge.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521856218
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
05/31/2009
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

Part I How Does That Go? The Limits of Philosophical Argument

1 Quine's "Two Dogmas": argument or imagination? 11

2 Argument and intuition in Kripke's Naming and Necessity 31

3 The rise and fall of counterexamples: Gettier, Goldman, and Lewis 51

4 Reflection: pictures, intuitions, and philosophical knowledge 73

Part II Arguments And Convictions

5 Turning the tables: Plantinga and the rise of philosophy of religion 105

6 Materialism and compatibilism: two dogmas of analytic philosophy? 122

7 Was there a Kuhnian revolution? Convictions in the philosophy of science 151

8 Conviction and argument in Rawls' A Theory of Justice 173

Part III Philosophical Truth And Knowledge

9 Rorty against the world: philosophy, truth, and objectivity 197

10 Philosophical knowledge: conclusions and an application 224

References 243

Index 248

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