What Talking About Them Reveals About Us

Overview

Talking with friend about personal photographs is a recognizable as an activity in which people participate in the modern world. This dissertation presents three studies examining the locally initial person reference formulations used to refer to people in the photographs in such an activity. The first study shows how the speakers narrating the photographs operate under epistemic obligations to attend to recipients' knowledge of who a person was relationally and visually. Their person reference formulations ...
See more details below
This Paperback is Not Available through BN.com
Sending request ...

More About This Book

Overview

Talking with friend about personal photographs is a recognizable as an activity in which people participate in the modern world. This dissertation presents three studies examining the locally initial person reference formulations used to refer to people in the photographs in such an activity. The first study shows how the speakers narrating the photographs operate under epistemic obligations to attend to recipients' knowledge of who a person was relationally and visually. Their person reference formulations (PRFs) were chosen to fill any information gap. Speakers identified persons who were known to their recipient but assumed to be unfamiliar with the appearance of that person. This was accomplished using recognitional bare, first names. Speakers introduced persons who were completely unfamiliar in both relationship and appearance. This was accomplished using associative non-recognitional descriptors. In the second study, we examined how reference was accomplished when a person appeared in the photograph collection more than once. This examination revealed what kinds of information participants were "holding online" and for how long during the interaction. These observations were compared with psychological and neuroscientific models of working memory and revealed that in interaction, working memory appears to work hand in hand with theory of mind as participants choose socially felicitous PRFs. The third study compared the data from the first two studies with the interactions of two frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients in a similar activity. The FTD patients were less able to fine tune their PRFs to fit the moment by moment exigencies of their social participation. The ventral medial frontal lobe atrophy common in FTD was hypothesized to contribute to their non-normative PRF deployment in that the atrophy led to impaired perspective taking ability and decreased social motivations. The "inappropriate" PRFs deployed by the FTD patients suggested that without the inhibitory control of frontal lobe mediated perspective taking and social motivation, procedural memory and priming were the underlying neurobiological systems for their PRFs.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243687128
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/8/2011
  • Pages: 132
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.28 (d)

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)