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What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) / Edition 2

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Overview


While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us about internal states, social behavior, and psychopathology. Today's widely available, sophisticated measuring systems have allowed us to conduct a wealth of new research on facial behavior that has contributed enormously to our understanding of the relationship between facial expression and human psychology. The chapters in this volume present the state-of-the-art in this research. They address key topics and questions, such as the dynamic and morphological differences between voluntary and involuntary expressions, the relationship between what people show on their faces and what they say they feel, whether it is possible to use facial behavior to draw distinctions among psychiatric populations, and how far research on automating facial measurement has progressed. The book also includes follow-up commentary on all of the original research presented and a concluding integration and critique of all the contributions made by Paul Ekman.

As an essential reference for all those working in the area of facial analysis and expression, this volume will be indispensable for a wide range of professionals and students in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and behavioral medicine.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"What the Face Reveals dramatically illustrates the value of precise measurement of facial behavior in illuminating an impressive range of issues in basic and applied research. The chapters present innovative state-of-the-art applications of facial measurement, and the commentaries by authors and editors greatly enrich the readers experience. This is affective science of the highest quality, brimming with intriguing findings and promising new directions." --Robert W. Levenson, Professor of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley and Director of the Institute of Personality and Social Research and the Berkeley Psychophysiology Laboratory

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195179644
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 4/14/2005
  • Series: Series in Affective Science Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 672
  • Sales rank: 424,982
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.40 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Ekman was a Professor of Psychology for 32 years in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California at San Francisco. He also served as chief psychologist in the U.S. Army, Fort Dix New Jersey from 1958-1960. His interests have focused on two separate, but related topics: He originally focused on nonverbal behavior, and by the mid-60s concentrated on the expression and physiology of emotion. His other interest is interpersonal deception. His research program was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the DOD, loosely affiliated with UCSF. His many honors have included the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association in 1991, and an honorary doctor of humane letters from the University of Chicago in 1994. Dr. Ekman retired from UCSF in 2004. He currently serves as the chairman of the board of the Institute of Analytic Interviewing and continues to consult on research and training related to emotion and deception. Erika Rosenberg is an emotions researcher, a health psychologist, and an expert in facial expression measurement. Dr. Rosenberg currently consults with a variety of academic and non-academic clients on issues related to facial behavior, teaches workshops in FACS and emotional communication, and is a Lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Davis.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Introduction : the study of spontaneous facial expressions in psychology 3
1 Is the startle reaction an emotion? 21
Afterword : the startle and the emotion 36
Afterword : FACS in the study of the Latah syndrome 38
2 The asymmetry of facial actions is inconsistent with models of hemispheric specialization 40
Afterword : asymmetry in facial muscular actions 58
3 Coherence between expressive and experiential systems in emotion 63
Afterword : emotions as unified responses 86
4 Will the real relationship between facial expression and affective experience please stand up : the case of exhilaration 89
Afterword : the FACS in humor research 109
5 Extraversion, alcohol, and enjoyment 112
Afterword : laughter and temperament 131
6 Signs of appeasement : evidence for the distinct displays of embarassment, amusement, and shame 133
Afterword : the forms and functions of embarrassment 158
7 Genuine, suppressed, and faked facial behavior during exacerbation of chronic low back pain 161
Afterword : on knowing another's pain 178
8 The consistency of facial expressions of pain : a comparison across modalities 181
Afterword : the consistency of facial expressions of pain 198
9 Smiles when lying 201
Afterword : smiles when lying 215
10 Behavioral markers and recognizability of the smile of enjoyment 217
Afterword : some thoughts on FACS, dynamic markers of emotion, and baseball 239
11 Components and recognition of facial expression in the communication of emotion by actors 243
Afterword : components and recognition of facial expression in the communication of emotion by actors 268
12 Differentiating emotion elicited and deliberate emotional facial expressions 271
Afterword : objective differences versus observers' ratings 287
13 Japanese and American infants' responses to arm restraint 289
Afterword : the cross-cultural study of infant facial expressions 300
14 Differential facial responses to four basic tastes in newborns 302
Afterword : facial expression as a window on sensory experience and affect in newborn infants 320
15 All smiles are positive, but some smiles are more positive than others 328
Afterword : a measure of early joy? 350
16 Signal characteristics of spontaneous facial expressions : automatic movement in solitary and social smiles 354
17 Automated face analysis by feature point tracking has high concurrent validity with manual FACS coding 371
Afterword : automated analysis of the configuration and timing of facial expression 388
18 Toward automatic recognition of spontaneous facial actions 393
Afterword : the next generation of automatic facial expression measurement 413
19 Facial expression in affective disorders 429
Afterword : depression and expression 440
20 Emotional experience and expression in schizophrenia and depression 441
Afterword : emotion, facial expression, and psychopathology 456
21 Interaction regulations used by schizophrenic and psychosomatic patients : studies on facial behavior in dyadic interactions 459
Afterword : interaction regulations used by schizophrenic and psychosomatic patients 479
22 Nonverbal expression of psychological states in psychiatric patients 484
Afterword : nonverbal expression of psychological states in psychiatric patients 493
23 Depression and suicide faces 496
Afterword : perspectives for studies of psychopathology and psychotherapy 506
24 Protypical affective microsequences in psychotherapeutic interaction 512
Afterword : from PAMS to TRAPS : investigating guilt feelings with FACS 529
25 Facial expressions of emotion and psychopathology in adolescent boys 532
Afterword : facial expression, personality, and psychopathology 548
26 Type A behavior pattern : facial behavior and speech components 551
Afterword : type A and facial behavior 565
27 Linkages between facial expressions of anger and transient myocardial ischemia in men with coronary artery disease
Afterword : facial expression and emotion in the study of heart disease 580
28 Effects of smoking opportunity on cue-elicited urge : a facial coding analysis 583
Afterword : using FACS to identify contextual factors influencing craving 603
Conclusion : what we have learned by measuring facial behavior : further comments and clarifications 605
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  • Posted April 27, 2009

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    Good book. Very Technical.

    This is a well researched book. It's a scholarly book. Not something for the general public.

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