What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) / Edition 2

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While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us about internal states, social behavior, and psychopathology. Today's widely available, sophisticated measuring systems have allowed us to conduct a wealth of new research on facial behavior that has contributed enormously to our understanding of the relationship between facial expression and human psychology. The chapters in this volume present the state-of-the-art in this research. They address key topics and questions, such as the dynamic and morphological differences between voluntary and involuntary expressions, the relationship between what people show on their faces and what they say they feel, whether it is possible to use facial behavior to draw distinctions among psychiatric populations, and how far research on automating facial measurement has progressed. The book also includes follow-up commentary on all of the original research presented and a concluding integration and critique of all the contributions made by Paul Ekman.

As an essential reference for all those working in the area of facial analysis and expression, this volume will be indispensable for a wide range of professionals and students in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and behavioral medicine.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"What the Face Reveals dramatically illustrates the value of precise measurement of facial behavior in illuminating an impressive range of issues in basic and applied research. The chapters present innovative state-of-the-art applications of facial measurement, and the commentaries by authors and editors greatly enrich the readers experience. This is affective science of the highest quality, brimming with intriguing findings and promising new directions." —Robert W. Levenson, Professor of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley and Director of the Institute of Personality and Social Research and the Berkeley Psychophysiology Laboratory
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195179644
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 4/14/2005
  • Series: Series in Affective Science Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 672
  • Sales rank: 265,925
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.40 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Ekman was a Professor of Psychology for 32 years in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California at San Francisco. He also served as chief psychologist in the U.S. Army, Fort Dix New Jersey from 1958-1960. His interests have focused on two separate, but related topics: He originally focused on nonverbal behavior, and by the mid-60s concentrated on the expression and physiology of emotion. His other interest is interpersonal deception. His research program was supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the DOD, loosely affiliated with UCSF. His many honors have included the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association in 1991, and an honorary doctor of humane letters from the University of Chicago in 1994. Dr. Ekman retired from UCSF in 2004. He currently serves as the chairman of the board of the Institute of Analytic Interviewing and continues to consult on research and training related to emotion and deception. Erika Rosenberg is an emotions researcher, a health psychologist, and an expert in facial expression measurement. Dr. Rosenberg currently consults with a variety of academic and non-academic clients on issues related to facial behavior, teaches workshops in FACS and emotional communication, and is a Lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Davis.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Basic Research Emotion
1. Is the Startle Reaction an Emotion?, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, Ronald C. Simons
Afterword: Is the Startle Reaction an Emotion? Paul Ekman
2. Afterword: FACS in the Study of the Latah Syndrome The Asymmetry of Facial Actions is Inconsistent with Models of Hemispheric Specialization, Joseph C. Hager, Paul Ekman
Afterword: Asymmetry in Facial Muscular Actions Joseph C. Hager
3. Coherence Between Expressive and Experiential Systems in Emotion, Erika L. Rosenberg and Paul Ekman
Afterword: Erika Rosenberg
4. Will the Real Relationship between Facial Expression and Affective Experience Please Stand Up: The Case of Exhilaration, Willibald Ruch
Afterword: The FACS in Humor Research Willibald Ruch
5. Extroversion, Alcholo, and Enjoyment, Willibald Ruch
Afterword: Laughter and Temperament Willibald Ruch
6. Signs of Appeasement: Evidence for the Distinct Displays of Embarrassment, Amusement, and Shame, Dacher Keltner
7. Genuine, Suppressed, and Faked Facial Behavior During Exacerbation of Chronic Low Back Pain, Kenneth D. Craig, Susan A. Hyde, Christopher J. Patrick
Afterword: On Knowing Another's Pain Kenneth Craig
8. The Consistency of Facial Expressions of Pain: A Comparison Across Modalities, Kenneth M. Prkachin
Afterword: The Consistency of Facial Expressions of Pain Kenneth M. Prkachin
9. Smiles When Lying, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, Maureen O'Sullivan
Afterword: Smiles When Lying Paul Ekman
10. Behavioral Markers and Recognizability of the Smile of Enjoyment, Mark G. Frank, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen
Afterword: Some Thoughts on FACS. Dynamic Markers of Emotion and Baseball Mark G. Frank
11. Components and Recognition of Facial Expression in the Communications of Emotion by Actors, Pierre Gosselin, Gilles Kirouac, Francois Y. Dore
Afterword: Components and Recognition of Facial Expressions in the Communication of Emotion by Actors Gilles Kirouac
12. Differentiating Emotiom Elicited and Deliberate Emotional Facial Expression, Ursula Hess, Robert E. Kleck
Afterword: Ursula Hess
13. Japanese and American Infants' Responses to Arm Restraint, Linda Camras, Harriet Oster, Joseph J. Campos, Kazuo Miyake, Donna Bradshaw
14. Differential Facial Responses to Four Basic Tastes in Newborns, Diana Rosenstein, Harriet Oster
Afterword: Facial Expressions as a Window on Sensory Experience and Affect in Newborn Infants Harriet Oster
15. All Smiles are Positive, But Some Smiles are More Positive than Others, Daniel Messinger, Alan Fogel, K Laurie Dickson
Afterword: A Measure of Early Joy Daniel S. Messinger
16. Signal Characteristics of Spontaneous Facial Expression: Automatic Movement in Solitary and Social Smiles, Karen L. Schmidt, Jeffrey F. Cohn, and Yingli Tien
17. Automated Face Analysis by Feature Point Tracking has High Concurrent Validity with Manual FACS Coding, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Adena J. Zlochower, James Lien and Takeo Kanade
18. Towards Automatic Recognition of Spontaneous Facial Actions, Marion Stewart Bartlett, Javier R. Movellan, Gwen Littlewort, Bjonr Braathen, Mark G. Frank and Terrance J. Sejnowski Afterword: The Next Generation of Automatic Facial Expression Measurement
Part II. Applied Research
19. Facial Expression in Affective Disorders, Paul Ekman, David Matsumoto, Wallace V. Friesen
20. Emotional Experience and Expression in Schizophrenia and Depression, Howard Barenbaum, Thomas F. Oltmanns Afterword: Emotion, Facial Expression and Psychopathology
21. Interaction Regulations Used by Schizophrenic and Psychosomatic Patients; Studies on Facial Behavior in Dyadic Interactions, Evelyne Stimer-Krause, Rainer Krause, Gunter Wagner
Afterword: Rainer Krause
22. Nonverbal Expression of Psychological States in Psychiatric Patients, Heiner Ellgring
Afterword: Nonverbal Expression of Psychological States in Psychiatric Patients einer Ellgring
23. Depression and Suicide Faces, Michael Heller, Veronique Haynal
Afterword: Perspectives for Studies for Psychopathology and Psychotherapy Michael Heller, Veronique Haynal
24. Prototypical Affective Microsequences in Psychotherapeutic Interactions, Eva Banninger-Huber
Afterword: From PAMS to TRAPS: Investigating Guilt Feelings with FACS Eva Banninger-Huber
25. Facial Expressions of Emotion and Psychopathology in Adolescent Boys, Dacher Keltner, Terrie E. Moffitt, Magda Stouthamer-Loeber
Afterword: Facial Expression, Personality, and Psychopathology Dacher Keltner
26. Type A Behavior Pattern: Facial Behavior and Speech Components, Margaret A. Chesney, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, George W. Black, Michael H.L. Hecker
Afterword: Paul Ekman, Erika L. Rosenberg, Margaret Chesney
27. Linkages between Facial Expressions of Anger and Transient Myocardial Ischemia in Men with Coronary Artery Disease, Erika L. Rosenberg, Paul Ekman, Wei Jiang, Michael Babyak, R. Edward Coleman, Michael Hanson, Christopher O'Conner, Robert Waugh, James A. Blumenthal
Afterword: Erika L. Rosenberg and Paul Ekman
28. Effects of Smoking Opportunity on Cue-Elicited Urge: A Facial Coding Analysis, Michael A. Sayette, Joan M. Wertz, Christopher S. Martin, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Michael A. Perrott, and Jill Hobel
Afterword: Using FACS to Identify Contextual Factors Influencing Craving Michael Sayette
Conclusion: What We Have Learned by Measuring Facial Behavior

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  • Posted April 27, 2009

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    Good book. Very Technical.

    This is a well researched book. It's a scholarly book. Not something for the general public.

    4 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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