What's Wrong with the CJ System

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Editorial Reviews

Reviews concepts, information, and points of view that help to explain the context and constraints of the criminal justice system. Engages the reader in a critique of criminal justice as a means of moving the discussion to a more informed and insightful level, and creates understanding about what can be done by the criminal justice system. Contains chapters on dynamics of criminal justice, police, consequences of court policy, correctional policy in crisis, deconstructing adolescence and dismantling the juvenile court, and changing course. The authors are affiliated with Indiana University of Pennsylvania and Mercyhurst College. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780870849336
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 1/1/2000
  • Pages: 210
  • Product dimensions: 70.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 5.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Dedication iii
Acknowledgments v
Preface vii
Chapter 1 Dynamics of Criminal Justice 1
Media 4
Ideology 8
Politics 10
Crime as a Surrogate Social Problem 11
Ideology and Crime 12
Getting Elected 13
War Model 16
Unintended Effects 17
Cycles of Social Control and Crime Policy 20
Seeking Balance 22
Race and Exclusion 23
Note 24
Discussion Questions 25
References 25
Chapter 2 Police: Maintaining a Delicate Balance 29
Images 29
Dichotomy and Distortion 31
Politics and Reform 33
Ideology 35
Community Policing 38
What Works? 41
Third-Party Policing 44
Discussion: The Balance 45
Discussion Questions 46
References 47
Chapter 3 The Court Conundrum: Confronting the Consequences of Policy 51
Crime News, Public Perceptions, and Policy 51
Consequences of Felony Conviction 55
The Judiciary, Prosecution, and Defense Counsel 56
Defense Attorneys 57
Guilty Pleas and Trials 58
The Evolution from Indeterminate to Determinate Sentencing 58
Current Trends in Sentencing in the United States 60
Sentencing Guidelines 61
The Reality of Federal Sentencing Guidelines 62
Sentencing Commissions and Politics 65
Sentence Enhancements: "Three Strikes and You're Out" 66
Three-Strikes Legislation Litigation 67
The Effect of Three-Strikes Legislation 68
Race and Sentencing: Disproportionate Representation of Blacks 69
Sentencing in the 1990s 72
Capital Punishment 72
Prison and Jail Sentences 74
Sex Offender Sentencing and Notification Statutes 75
Probation 77
Discussion: Promising Approaches in the Courts 79
Specialty Courts 79
Sentencing Reform 80
Restorative Justice 80
Discussion Question 82
References 83
Cases 86
Chapter 4 Punishment and Prisons: Correctional Policy in Crisis 87
Prisons and Incarceration in the 1990s 88
The Prison Boom 88
The Politics of Corrections 90
Prisoner Demographics 93
Elderly Inmates 93
Consequences of Drug Policy 95
Response to Prison Crowding 97
Construction 97
Privatization 98
Alternative Strategies 101
The Impact of Three-Strikes Legislation 103
Consequences of Long-Term Incarceration 104
Post Modern Punishment 106
Discussion: Revising Correctional Policy 108
Get-Tough Politics 108
Rational Thinking About Correctional Policy 109
Discussion Questions 112
References 113
Chapter 5 Juvenile Justice: Deconstructing Adolescence and Dismantling the Juvenile Court 119
Youth Crime: Media Images versus Data 119
Justice for Juveniles 123
Transforming Juvenile Justice 125
Rational Choice 125
Jurisdictional Reform 125
Legislative Reform 126
Youth Violence and Moral Panic 129
Zero Tolerance 130
Get Tougher 133
What Can Be Done? 135
Strategies 136
Risk Factors 136
Prevention 138
Drugs 139
Guns 139
Schools 140
Intervention 140
Balance and Collaboration 142
Programs 144
Schools 145
Gangs 145
Guns 146
Community Mobilization 147
Alternatives to Placement 148
GROW 148
Boot Camps 150
Summary of Programs 150
System Reform 151
Policy Options 152
Specialty Courts 152
Discussion: Changing the Focus 155
Discussion Questions 156
References 157
Cases 162
Chapter 6 Changing Course 163
Drugs: Criminal Justice or Medical Model? 164
Alternatives to Drug Wars and Dualistic Policy Debates 165
TASC: Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime 165
Drug Courts 166
Harm Reduction 167
Issues in Criminal Justice 169
Limits of Law 170
Good News: Decline in Crime 172
Explanations for Crime Reduction 172
Consequences for Criminal Justice 174
Capital Punishment 174
Police 176
Courts 177
Corrections 178
Prison-Industrial Complex 182
Challenges and Context for the Twenty-First Century 183
Federalization 183
Public Perception 184
Early Intervention 185
Discussion Questions 186
References 187
Name Index 191
Subject Index 197
About the Authors 207
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