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KLIATTThe special vindictiveness many Southerners reserve for General William Tecumseh Sherman has always perplexed most Yankees. Sherman and his men left their supplies and marched boldly across Dixie, twice cutting the Confederacy in two. He and his men were guilty mostly of property crimes: destroying facilities, raiding farms, and systematically stripping the land of all foodstuffs. Grant, on the other hand, killed Southern fathers and sons wholesale. The difference, some maintain, was that Ulysses S. Grant was waging "honorable" warfare while Sherman behaved more like Attila the Hun. More likely, however, the bearded firebrand earned their enmity because he deliberately committed the unforgivable act: he humiliated the Confederacy. In truth, the Federals didn't have it all their own way, and for that reason alone, a book of this nature is long overdue. It has been left to historian Jacqueline Campbell to document the proof. The Northern soldiers were sometimes opposed by regular troops, but far more by guerilla fighters that ranged from well-led bands down to individual brigands. Snipers and irregulars were always ready to pick off careless Union scouts, and many Southern women defended their homes with fierceness and pride. Furtive bands of white criminals and black plunderers also complicated the situation. Professor Campbell tells of the special abhorrence Sherman's troops had for South Carolina, and also shows the dramatic improvement in their behavior once they crossed into North Carolina, a "thrifty" and definitely more "well behaved" state. The author writes easily and fluently, as much for the lay reader as for the professional historian. Secondary teachers will find this anexcellent choice for YA readers ready for their second Civil War book. KLIATT Codes: SA*—Exceptional book, recommended for senior high school students, advanced students, and adults. 2003, Univ. of North Carolina Press, 177p. notes. index., Ages 15 to adult.