When Sorry Isn'T Enough / Edition 1

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Seemingly every week, a new question arises relative to the current worldwide ferment over human injustices. Why does the U.S. offer $20,000 atonement money to Japanese Americans relocated to concentration camps during World War II, while not even apologizing to African Americans for 250 years of human bondage and another century of institutionalized discrimination? How can the U.S. and Canada best grapple with the genocidal campaigns against Native Americans on which their countries were founded? How should Japan make amends to Korean "comfort women" sexually enslaved during World War II? Why does South Africa deem it necessary to grant amnesty to whites who tortured and murdered blacks under apartheid? Is Germany's highly praised redress program, which has paid billions of dollars to Jews worldwide, a success, and, as such, an example for others?

More generally, is compensation for a historical wrong dangerous "blood money" that allows a nation to wash its hands forever of its responsibility to those it has injured?

A rich collection of essays from leading scholars, pundits, activists, and political leaders the world over, many written expressly for this volume, When Sorry Isn't Enough also includes the voices of the victims of some of the world's worst atrocities, thereby providing a panoramic perspective on an international controversy often marked more by heat than reason.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Not only provides a neat blend of scholarship, but it also focuses on a topic that is (or should be) of vital importance to human rights."

-Human Rights Quarterly

Human Rights Quarterly
Not only provides a neat blend of scholarship, but it also focuses on a topic that is (or should be) of vital importance to human rights.
Karen Parker
How much compensation ought to be paid to a woman who was raped 7\,500 times? What would the members of the Commission want for their daughters if their daughters had been raped even once?
— Speaking before the U.N. Commission on Human Rights
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814713327
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 9/5/2000
  • Series: Critical America Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 536
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Meet the Author

Roy L. Brooks is Warren Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of San Diego and author, most recently, of Critical Procedure and Integration or Separation?: A Strategy for Racial Equality.

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Table of Contents

Pt. 1 Introduction
1 The Age of Apology 3
Pt. 2 Nazi Persecution
2 A Reparations Success Story? 17
3 The German Third Reich and Its Victims: Nazi Ideology 23
4 Memories of My Childhood in the Holocaust 33
5 The Human "Guinea Pigs" of Ravensbruck 43
6 Stranger in Exile 47
7 Putative National Security Defense: Extracts from the Testimony of Nazi SS Group Leader Otto Ohlendorf 51
8 German Compensation for National Socialist Crimes 61
9 Romani Victims of the Holocaust and Swiss Complicity 68
10 German Reparations: Institutionalized Insufficiency 77
Pt. 3 Comfort Women
11 What Form Redress? 87
12 The Jugun Ianfu System 95
13 Comfort Women Narratives: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women 101
14 The Nanking Massacre 104
15 Japan's Official Responses to Nanking 109
16 The Comfort Women Redress Movement 113
17 Japan's Official Responses to Reparations 126
18 Japan's Settlement of the Post-World War II Reparations and Claims 135
19 Reparations: A Legal Analysis 141
20 Lipinski Resolution 149
Pt. 4 Japanese Americans
21 Japanese American Redress and the American Political Process: A Unique Achievement? 157
22 The Internment of Americans of Japanese Ancestry 165
23 Executive Order 9066: Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas 169
24 Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians 171
25 Japanese American Narratives 177
26 Relocation, Redress, and the Report: A Historical Appraisal 183
27 Redress Achieved, 1983-1990 189
28 Institutions and Interest Groups: Understanding the Passage of the Japanese American Redress Bill 190
29 Proclamation 4417: Confirming the Termination of the Executive Order Authorizing Japanese-American Internment 201
30 Response to Criticisms of Monetary Redress 203
31 Testimony of Representative Norman Y. Mineta 205
32 German Americans, Italian Americans, and the Constitutionality of Reparations: Jacobs v. Barr 206
33 The Case of the Japanese Peruvians 217
34 Letters from John J. McCloy and Karl R. Bendetsen 222
Pt. 5 Native Americans
35 Wild Redress? 233
36 Native American Reparations: Five Hundred Years and Counting 241
37 The Killing of Big Snake, a Ponca Chief, October 31, 1879 251
38 The Massacre at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, December 29, 1890 252
39 How the Indians Are Victimized by Government Agents and Soldiers 254
40 Forced Removal of the Winnebago Indians, Nebraska, October 3, 1865 257
41 Indian Claims for Reparations, Compensation, and Restitution in the United States Legal System 261
42 The True Nature of Congress's Power over Indian Claims: An Essay on Venetie and the Uses of Silence in Federal Indian Law 273
43 Repatriation Must Heal Old Wounds 283
44 Office of the Governor, Pete Wilson, State of California, Press Release 291
45 Statement of the Honorable Anthony R. Pico, Chairman, Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians, Press Conference 294
46 The Distribution of Wealth, Sovereignty, and Culture through Indian Gaming 298
Pt. 6 Slavery
47 Not Even an Apology? 309
48 The Legal Status of African Americans during the Colonial Period 317
49 African Americans under the Antebellum Constitution 325
50 Slave Narratives 327
51 Remembering Slavery 333
52 Life as a Free Black 336
53 The Growing Movement for Reparations 341
54 Why the North and South Should Have Apologized 347
55 Defense of Congressional Resolution Apologizing for Slavery 350
56 Clinton Opposes Slavery Apology 352
57 Ask Camille: Camille Paglia's Online Advice for the Culturally Disgruntled 353
58 The Atlantic Slave Trade: On Both Sides, Reason for Remorse 355
59 They Didn't March to Free the Slaves 358
60 Lincoln Apologizes 360
61 Special Field Order No. 15: "Forty Acres and a Mule" 365
62 The Commission to Study Reparations Proposals 367
63 Clinton and Conservatives Oppose Slavery Reparations 370
64 Collective Rehabilitation 372
65 The Constitutionality of Black Reparations 374
Pt. 7 Jim Crow
66 Redress for Racism? 395
67 The Triumph of White Supremacy 404
68 Jim Crow Narratives 407
69 The United States Has Already Apologized for Racial Discrimination 413
70 The Long-Overdue Reparations for African Americans: Necessary for Societal Survival? 417
71 Reparations: Strategic Considerations for Black Americans 422
72 Repatriation as Reparations for Slavery and Jim-Crowism 427
73 Rosewood 435
Pt. 8 South Africa
74 What Price Reconciliation? 443
75 African National Congress Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission 451
76 Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Amnesty Hearing: Testimony of Jeffrey T. Benzien 457
77 Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Amnesty Hearing: Affidavit and Testimony of Bassie Mkhumbuzi 461
78 Alternatives and Adjuncts to Criminal Prosecutions 469
79 Summary of Anti-Amnesty Case: Azanian Peoples Organization (AZAPO) and Others v. The President of the Republic of South Africa 477
80 Justice after Apartheid? Reflections on the South African TRC 479
81 Will the Amnesty Process Foster Reconciliation among South Africans? 487
82 Healing Racial Wounds? The Final Report of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission 492
83 Introductory Notes to the Presentation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Proposed Reparation and Rehabilitation Policies 501
84 Truth and Reconciliation Commission Hearing, Testimony of Former President F. W. de Klerk 505
85 Affirmative Action as Reparation for Past Employment Discrimination in South Africa: Imperfect and Complex 506
App Selected List of Other Human Injustices 511
Contributors 515
Permissions 521
Index 523
About the Editor 536
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