When the State Kills: Capital Punishment and the American Conditionby Austin Sarat
Pub. Date: 07/29/2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Is capital punishment just? Does it deter people from murder? What is the risk that we will execute innocent people? These are the usual questions at the heart of the increasingly heated debate about capital punishment in America. In this bold and impassioned book, Austin Sarat seeks to change the terms of that debate. Capital punishment must be stopped, Sarat… See more details below
Is capital punishment just? Does it deter people from murder? What is the risk that we will execute innocent people? These are the usual questions at the heart of the increasingly heated debate about capital punishment in America. In this bold and impassioned book, Austin Sarat seeks to change the terms of that debate. Capital punishment must be stopped, Sarat argues, because it undermines our democratic society.
Sarat unflinchingly exposes us to the realities of state killing. He examines its foundations in ideas about revenge and retribution. He takes us inside the courtroom of a capital trial, interviews jurors and lawyers who make decisions about life and death, and assesses the arguments swirling around Timothy McVeigh and his trial for the bombing in Oklahoma City. Aided by a series of unsettling color photographs, he traces Americans' evolving quest for new methods of execution, and explores the place of capital punishment in popular culture by examining such films as Dead Man Walking, The Last Dance, and The Green Mile.
Sarat argues that state executions, once used by monarchs as symbolic displays of power, gained acceptance among Americans as a sign of the people's sovereignty. Yet today when the state kills, it does so in a bureaucratic procedure hidden from view and for which no one in particular takes responsibility. He uncovers the forces that sustain America's killing culture, including overheated political rhetoric, racial prejudice, and the desire for a world without moral ambiguity. Capital punishment, Sarat shows, ultimately leaves Americans more divided, hostile, indifferent to life's complexities, and much further from solving the nation's ills. In short, it leaves us with an impoverished democracy.
The book's powerful and sobering conclusions point to a new abolitionist politics, in which capital punishment should be banned not only on ethical grounds but also for what it does to Americans and what we cherish.
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction: "If Timothy McVeigh Doesn't Deserve to Die, Who Does?" 3
PART ONE State Killing and the Politic of Vengeance 31
Chapter 2 The Return of Revenge: Hearing the Voice of the Victim in Capital Trials 33
Chapter 3 Killing Me Softly: Capital Punishment and the Technologies for Taking Life 60
PART TWO State Killing in the Legal Proce 85
Chapter 4 Capital Trials and the Ordinary World of State Killing 87
Chapter 5 The Role of the Jury in the Killing State 126
Chapter 6 Narrative Strategy and Death Penalty Advocacy: Attempting to Save the Condemned 158
PART THREE The Cultural Life of Capital Punishment 185
Chapter 7 To See or Not To See: On Televising Executions 187
Chapter 8 State Killing in Popular Culture: Responsibility and Representation in Dead Man Walking, Last Dance, and The Green Mile 209
Chapter 9 Conclusion: Toward New Abolitionism 246
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