In 1932 Florence Reece, the wife of a Kentucky coal miner, wrote one of the classic topical songs preserved in the folk musical revival. The song, "Which Side Are You On?," contrasts the lot of the working class and the bosses, and asks the listener to choose. This politically charged song was performed again during the Civil Rights Movement, with its lyrics appropriate to the 1960s. It was recorded more recently by Billy Bragg. Indeed, the story of this song might serve as a microcosm of the entire history of the folk music revival. Dick Weissman, former member of the Journeymen and a musician still releasing CDs of his original compositions, brings his personal and professional involvement to this definitive history. Which Side Are You On? includes chapters and sections on the Lomaxes, Harry Smith, the little known Lawrence Gellert, Woody Guthrie, Josh White, Leadbelly, Pete Seeger, groups such as the Weavers and the Kingston Trio, Dave Van Ronk, Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Paul Simon, Joni Mitchell, Judy Collins, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Natalie Merchant, Ani Difranco, Bela Fleck, Nickel Creek, the Indigo Girls, and many others. Which Side Are You On? also explores the folk music business in depth: how it all works, where the power really lies, how the artists have been manipulated and often exploited, the dynamic between artist and audience. Though he writes as a historian, Weissman also has seen it all from the inside, and includes anecdotes that are both funny and poignant: My friend and guitarist-singer Artie Traum took care of one of two houses that Bob Dylan owned in Woodstock, some thirty five years ago. The house had thirty seven rooms! Artie was instructed not to give out Dylan's phone number to any caller. The first caller was Joan Baez, and Artie followed instructions, calling Dylan at the other house to relay the call. During Artie's house-sitting chores, I visited him. He took me on a brief tour of the house. In one room were sacks of mail. We randomly opened a half-dozen letters. The one that I remember was by a female fan in North Dakota. She had been to a Dylan concert and reminded him that they had met. There was something touching though pathetic about the letter.
Dick Weissman is a musician and writer. His book The Music Business: Career Opportunities and Self-Defense, now in its fifth edition, has sold 100,000 copies. The Folk Music Sourcebook, which Weissman co-authored, won the Deems Taylor ASCAP Music Critics Award. His most recent book is Which Side Are You On? An Inside History of the Folk Music Revival in America. Dick Weissman lives in Portland, OR.
Contents Preface 000 Introduction 000 1 Guardians of the Folk: The Folklorists and Folk Song Collectors 000 2 Protest Music Before the Folk Revival of the Sixties 000 3 People's Artists, the Weavers, the Blacklist, and the Beginning of the Folk-Pop Revival, 1949-52 000 4 The Pop-Folk Revival, 1955-64 000 5 The Urban Revivalists: The New York Scene, 1950-65 000 6 The Revival Outside the Big Apple, 1950-65 000 7 Music, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Folk "Superstars" 000 8 Folk-Rock, Country Rock, and the Singer-Songwriters 000 9 The Seventies: Singer-Songwriters and Women's Music—The Revival Transformed 000 10 Roots and Branches 000 11 Roots and Branches, Part Two: Ethnicity 000 12 The Folk Music Business 000 13 Up to Now 000 14 Today and Tomorrow: What's Going On 000 Acknowledgments 000 Select Bibliography and Discography 000 Index 000 Photographs and Illustrations may be found between pages 000 and 000