Who Is Black?: One Nation's Definition / Edition 1

Who Is Black?: One Nation's Definition / Edition 1

by F. James Davis
     
 

Honored in 1992 as an "Outstanding Book" by the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States

Reprinted many times since its first publication in 1991, Who Is Black? has become a staple in college and university classrooms throughout the United States, helping students understand this nation's history of miscegenation and the role that

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Overview

Honored in 1992 as an "Outstanding Book" by the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States

Reprinted many times since its first publication in 1991, Who Is Black? has become a staple in college and university classrooms throughout the United States, helping students understand this nation's history of miscegenation and the role that the "one-drop rule" has played in it. In this special anniversary edition, the author brings the story up-to-date in an Epilogue, where he highlights some revealing responses to Who Is Black? and examines recent challenges to the one-drop rule, including the multiracial-identity movement and a significant change in the census classification of racial and ethnic groups.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780271021720
Publisher:
Penn State University Press
Publication date:
11/01/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.66(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Ch. 1The Nation's Rule1
The One-Drop Rule Defined4
Black Leaders, But Predominantly White6
Plessy, Phipps, and Other Challenges in the Courts8
Census Enumeration of Blacks11
Uniqueness of the One-Drop Rule13
Ch. 2Miscegenation and Beliefs17
Racial Classification and Miscegenation19
Racist Beliefs About Miscegenation23
The Judge Brady Paradox27
Miscegenation in Africa and Europe28
Race vs. Beliefs About Race29
Ch. 3Conflicting Rules31
Early Miscegenation in the Upper South: The Rule Emerges33
South Carolina and Louisiana: A Different Rule34
Miscegenation on Black Belt Plantations38
Reconstruction and the One-Drop Rule42
The Status of Free Mulattoes, North and South46
The Emergence and Spread of the One-Drop Rule47
Ch. 4The Rule Becomes Firm51
Creation of the Jim Crow System52
The One-Drop Rule Under Jim Crow54
Effects of the Black Renaissance of the 1920s58
The Rule and Myrdal's Rank Order of Discriminations60
Sexual Norms and the Rule: Jim Crow vs. Apartheid66
Effects of the Fall of Jim Crow68
De Facto Segregation and Miscegenation70
Miscegenation Since the 1960s73
Development of the One-Drop Rule in the Twentieth Century77
Ch. 5Other Places, Other Definitions81
Racial Hybrid Status Lower Than Both Parent Groups82
Status Higher Than Either Parent Group87
In-Between Status: South Africa and Others90
Highly Variable Class Status: Latin America99
Two Variants in the Caribbean105
Equality for the Racially Mixed in Hawaii109
Same Status as the Subordinate Group: The One-Drop Rule113
Status of an Assimilating Minority117
Contrasting Socially Constructed Rules119
Ch. 6Black Acceptance of the Rule123
Alex Haley, Lillian Smith, and Others124
Transracial Adoptions and the One-Drop Rule128
Rejection of the Rule: Garvey, American Indians, and Others132
Black Acceptance: Reasons and Implications137
Ch. 7Ambiguities, Strains, Conflicts, and Traumas
The Death of Walter White's Father and Other Traumas142
Collective Anxieties About Racial Identity: Some Cases144
Personal Identity: Seven Modes of Adjustment149
Lena Horne's Struggles with Her Racial Identity150
Problems of Administering the One-Drop Rule156
Misperceptions of the Racial Identity of South Asians, Arabs, and Others160
Sampling Errors in Studying American Blacks164
Blockage of Full Assimilation of Blacks167
Costs of the One-Drop Rule168
Ch. 8Issues and Prospects171
A Massive Distortion? A Monstrous Myth?172
Clues for Change in Deviations from the Rule175
Clues for Change in Costs of the Rule176
Possible Direction: Which Alternative?180
Prospects for the Future184
Epilogue to the Tenth Anniversary Edition189
Works Cited201
Index209

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