Who Owns Life? / Edition 1

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Overview

With the mapping of the human genome and the development of cloning and other genetic engineering techniques, scientists have embarked upon a whole new era of biomedical research and with it a maze of complex ethical and legal questions. Do isolated gene sequences constitute ôinventionsö that warrant patent protection? What about cloned organisms, or new life forms engineered from pre-existing tissue? Do scientists have the right to claim individual patents on and make profits from the elements of life? How does the profit motive affect our attitudes toward the value of life? Will patent protection foster or hinder scientific cooperation and research into diseases? These are a few of the vexing questions that must be faced in the coming decades as biotechnology advances into uncharted ethical territory.
This excellent collection of articles by scientists, ethicists, and legal experts analyzes the convergence of biotechnology and intellectual property legislation, which has given rise to these new moral dilemmas. It will serve as a valuable reference work to give educated lay readers a starting point to make their own judgments about matters we will all face in the near future.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781573929868
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 4/28/2002
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.23 (w) x 9.27 (h) x 0.84 (d)

Meet the Author

David Magnus is assistant professor of bioethics at the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania and the associate editor of the American Journal of Bioethics. Arthur Caplan is the director of the Center for Bioethics, chief of the Division of Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, and the author or editor of numerous books including The Ethics of Organ Transplants. Glenn McGee iand the history and sociology of science at the s assistant professor of bioethics, philosophy, Center for Bioethics, the editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Bioethics, and the author of The Perfect Baby.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 9
Introduction 11
1 Patenting of Life-Forms: From a Concept to Reality 17
2 Patenting Organisms: Intellectual Property Law Meets Biology 25
3 Ethical Issues and Application of Patent Laws in Biotechnology 59
4 Patenting Human Genes: The Advent of Ethics in the Political Economy of Patent Law 75
5 Discoveries: Are There Limits on What May Be Patented? 99
6 How Can You Patent Genes? 117
7 Discoveries, Inventions, and Gene Patents 135
8 Patenting Genes and Life: Improper Commodification? 161
9 Falling from Grace: Science and the Pursuit of Profit 175
10 Propriety and Property: The Tissue Market Meets the Courts 197
11 Property Rights and Human Bodies 223
12 Ethical Issues in the Patenting and Control of Stem Cell Research 243
13 Intellectual Property and Agricultural Biotechnology: Bioprospecting or Biopiracy? 265
Glossary 277
List of Contributors 285
Index 289
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