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Three paradoxes surround the division of the costs of social reproduction:
* Women have entered the paid labour force in growing numbers, but they continue to perform most of the unpaid labour of housework and childcare.
* Birth rates have fallen but more and more mothers are supporting children on their own, with little or no assistance from fathers.
* The growth of state spending is often blamed on malfunctioning markets, or runaway bureaucracies. But a large percentage of social spending provides substitutes for income transfers that once took place within families.
Who Pays for the Kids? explains how this paradoxical situation has arisen. The costs of social reproduction are largely paid by women: men have remained extremely reluctant to pay their share of the costs of raising the next generation. Traditional theories - neo-classical, Marxist and Feminist - can only provide an incomplete account of this, and this book offers an alternative analysis, based on individual choices but within interlocking structures of constraint based on gender, age, sex, nation, race and class.
|Pt. I||Concepts of social reproduction|
|1||Feminist Theory and Political Economy||15|
|Identities, interests, and institutions||38|
|2||Collective Action and Structures of Constraint||51|
|Divided loyalties and competing interests||52|
|Natural selection and cultural evolution||70|
|Modernizations, reforms, and revolutions||81|
|3||The Persistence of Patriarchal Power||91|
|The expansion of wage employment||92|
|The growing cost of families||104|
|The emergence of welfare states||116|
|Pt. II||Histories of social reproduction|
|Introduction to Part II||129|
|Class, gender, and age in the transition to capitalism||133|
|Social democracy and the European welfare state||150|
|5||The United States||166|
|Patriarchal power and early economic development||167|
|A family divided: Early social welfare policy||183|
|Social insecurity: welfare policy after 1935||196|
|6||Latin America and the Caribbean||211|
|Colonial men and patriarchal states in Latin America||212|
|The plight of Supermadres||228|
|7||Conclusion: The Political Economy of Family Policy||248|