<:st> Previous volumes are cited in and . This is the ninth in a series of volumes composed of entries removed from on account of death, each with the date of death added and, where necessary, given a final revision. This is the first volume to cover a period of five years rather than a decade. Subjects of these biographical entries range from major figures who shaped events of their times to other who are less known. Publication of this volume corresponds to that of a CD-ROM which comprises volumes I-IX and . Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.