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It's no longer a case of "boys being boys." By every statistical measure, boys are falling steadily and alarmingly behind in school. Why Boys Fail draws on a wealth of data, interviews, case studies, and clearheaded analysis to both document the problem and uncover the real culprit driving the academic slide of boys: they just don't have the reading and writing skills needed to keep up. And the book shares some good news in the form of schools that are getting it right by implementing practical strategies and programs for boosting literacy among the entire student body-boys and girls alike.
Selected as one of the Top 5 Educational Books by Literacy News.
"… excellent overview of the subject, examining how environmental factors, school policies, and parenting approaches can lead to gender gaps in education.” —Literacy News
INTRODUCTION TO THE PAPERBACK EDITION
At first glance, it might appear that the ‘‘boy troubles’’ are on their way to being solved. Much has changed since the original publication of Why Boys Fail nearly two years earlier, and many of those changes appear to be positive. At that time, the suggestion that boys were in trouble and falling behind in school was hotly debated a with many people including national feminist groups denying that boys were in trouble. After the book was published, I debated doubters at the National Press Club, at a panel at the American Enterprise Institute a and on the pages of numerous education journals.
Today, those counterarguments have pretty much washed away, partly due to the recession, which has hit men so much harder than women. At
one point, nearly 80 percent of the job losses were among men, in part because they held jobs that required less education. It was a ringing re-minder of how much better educated women have become. Reflecting that situation are the obvious gender imbalances on college campuses a with more campuses spilling over the already uncomfortable threshold of 60 percent women. One speech I gave on this topic was at the College of Charleston in South Carolina, where there are twice as many female as male students. The dilemma has become embarrassingly visible, which makes denying the problem a losing argument.
In August 2010, the Atlantic ratcheted up the debate with a cover story titled ‘‘The End of Men,’’ which explored the reasons the world seems to have tilted in favor of women.1 Writer Hanna Rosin pointed out something that may surprise many: These days, parents prefer having girls over boys. Why not go with the winners? The cover story illustrated that the mainstream press no longer considers the boy problems exotic issues to debate. Rather, newspaper reporters and magazine writers have ac-cepted the basic premise and prefer to focus on more targeted issues, such as the controversies surrounding how brains are wired: Do boys and girls really learn differently and therefore need different classroom strategies or even separate classes? (A lot hinges on answering that question correctly.)
There’s a sense that solutions to the boy problems are in the works.
Many educators worried about boys falling behind are encouraged by the proliferation of single-sex classrooms or schools. As of spring 2011, more than 500 schools across the country offered single-sex education options to parents. The state of South Carolina alone was watching over 127 single-gender programs during the 2010–11 school year that involved around 20,000 students. In many urban areas, where African-American boys have fallen so far behind they risk disappearing, the best and brightest hope appears to be single-sex charter schools. The all-boys high school in Chicago run by Urban Prep Academies draws national press attention for sending 100 percent of its graduates to college.
All that sounds encouraging. But in truth, one fundamental fact has not changed: Every day, thousands of parents wake up and ask themselves,
Why have our sons lost interest in school?
Despite the fresh attention being paid to the problems of boys a many of the key indicators tracking how boys are faring are getting worse, not better. In the late winter of 2010, higher education consultant
Tom Mortenson, who is considered the dean of the ‘‘boy troubles’’
experts, put together a past-five-year tracking indicator targeting males.
What he found was a decline—and worse. ‘‘By these measures the state of adult male welfare is generally worse today than it was five years ago a and in fact is the worst ever in recorded history, which is generally since
World War II.’’2
According to Mortenson:
■ Male labor force participation rates are the worst they have ever been in data since 1948.
■ The employed-population ratio for males is the worst it has been in data since 1948.
■ The male unemployment rate is the highest it has ever been in data since 1948.
■ The average number of weekly hours worked for men is the lowest it has ever been in data back to 1956.
■ Median annual income for men peaked in 1973 and is currently well below the 1973 level.
The consequences of these conditions are felt in the family lives of men:
■ The share of men 35 to 44 years and 45 to 54 years that have never been married is at record highs in data dating back to
■ The share of young men living at home with their parents is high by historical standards, but below past levels.
■ The share of children born to unwed mothers is at recordhigh levels in data dating back to 1940. This finding holds for all racial/ethnic groups.
■ The share of children with a father is near record lows in data dating back to 1960.
Foreword Michelle Rhee Rhee, Michelle
1 Discovering the Problem 13
2 The Reason for the Boy Troubles: Faltering Literacy Skills 27
3 The Likely Causes of the Reading Lapses 39
4 The Writing Failures 63
5 The Blame Game: What Gets Blamed (Unfairly) for the Gender Gaps 79
6 Solutions: What Works for Boys? 107
7 Impediments to a Solution: The Ideological Stalemate 135
8 The International Story: Australians Struggle with the Boy Troubles 151
9 Why These Gender Gaps Matter 163
10 Actions That Need to Be Taken 181
Appendix The Facts About Boys 211
About the Author 239
Posted February 21, 2010
One of the most eye opening books I have ever read. A must read for anyone who has a child in school. Not to mention anyone who is currently in the Eduational field plus any attending college to become a teacher. Mr. Whitmire should be admired for taking on this task of reseach in Why boys fail. He blows you away with each new discover how our Education system is failing our Children . It is almost too hard to explain the sheer amazement that he brings forth in this book. I am a fan. I believe he is offering America a clear cut explaination what is going on in our schools and How to better our education for our future Leaders. We most make changes. Mr, Witmire I think has the knowledge to open our eyes yet I don't know if the the public is willing to listen. It is on my must read list to everyone I know.
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