Why Buildings Stand up: The Strength of Architecture

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Overview

"Readers will rejoice... in the physical discoveries, ancient and modern, that create and govern the artifacts inside of which readers spend most of their natural lives."—New York Times
Between a nomad's tent and the Sears Tower lies a revolution in technology, materials, and structures. Here is a clear and enthusiastic introduction to buildings methods from ancient times to the present day, including recent advances in science and technology that have had important effects on the planning and construction of ...

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Overview

"Readers will rejoice... in the physical discoveries, ancient and modern, that create and govern the artifacts inside of which readers spend most of their natural lives."—New York Times
Between a nomad's tent and the Sears Tower lies a revolution in technology, materials, and structures. Here is a clear and enthusiastic introduction to buildings methods from ancient times to the present day, including recent advances in science and technology that have had important effects on the planning and construction of buildings: improved materials (steel, concrete, plastics), progress in antiseismic designs, and the revolutionary changes in both architectural and structural design made possible by the computer.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393306767
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/13/1990
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 323
  • Sales rank: 307,659
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Structures 17
The Beginning of Architecture 17
Function and Structure 18
Architects and Engineers 23
Structure and the Layman 24
2 The Pyramids 27
What Are They? 27
The Building of the Pyramids 29
The Social Purpose of the Pyramids 38
The Death of the Pyramids 40
3 Loads 43
Dead Loads 43
Live Loads 44
Dynamic Loads 45
Wind Loads 49
Earthquake Loads 53
Thermal and Settlement Loads 54
4 Materials 59
Tension and Compression 59
Elasticity and Plasticity 60
Safety Factors 63
Steel 64
Reinforced Concrete 66
Plastics 70
5 Beams and Columns 72
Newton's Laws 72
Translational Equilibrium 73
Rotational Equilibrium 75
Beam Action 76
Shear 83
Buckling 85
6 Houses 90
Prehistoric and Historic Houses 90
The American House 94
Concrete-Frame Housing 96
Prefabricated Concrete Buildings 101
7 Skyscrapers 107
The High-Rise Building 107
The Birth of a Skyscraper 109
The Skyscraper Structure 116
8 The Eiffel Tower 126
The Symbol 126
The Builder of the Tower 129
The Building of the Tower 133
Cranes and Elevators 136
The Life of the Tower 140
The Taller Towers 141
9 Bridges 144
Arches 144
Railroad Bridges 150
Concrete Bridges 157
Space Frames 160
10 The Brooklyn Bridge 165
The Creator of the Bridge 165
The Construction of the Bridge 169
Modern Suspension Bridges 176
11 Form-Resistant Structures 179
Grids and Flat Slabs 179
Strength through Form 186
Curved Surfaces 188
Barrel Roofs and Folded Plates 191
Saddle Roofs 195
Complex Roofs 198
Thin Shell Dams 201
12 The Unfinished Cathedral 206
The Origin of the Gothic Cathedrals 206
Gothic Spaces and Structures 209
Saint Pierre at Beauvais 217
13 Domes 225
The Largest Roofs in the World 225
The Dome as Structure 226
The Pantheon 230
Santa Maria del Fiore 233
Modern Domes 242
14 Hagia Sophia 246
The Construction of the Church 246
The Interior of the Church 248
The Structure of the Church 252
The Fate of Hagia Sophia 255
15 Tents and Balloons 259
Tents 259
Pneumatic Structures 268
16 The Hanging Sky 278
Domes and Dishes 278
The Hanging Dish 280
17 The Message of Structure 288
Semiotic Messages 288
Semiotic Message and Scale 297
The Varying Semiotic Message 300
Afterword 303
Index 315
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted September 21, 2008

    Captivating Reading

    I positively LOVED this book! Read it years ago in the library and could not put it down! How marvelous to learn just how buildings stand up. Now I look at buildings in a whole new light. Knowledge truly is a wonderful thing - it opens worlds of delight. This book is not just for the student of architecture. It is easily understood even by a lay person. May you too consider this book a 'keeper.' Happy Reading!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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