Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Organization, and Strategy in the California Farm Worker Movement

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Why David Sometimes Wins tells the story of Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers' groundbreaking victory, drawing important lessons from this drametic tale. Since the 1900s, large-scale agricultural enterprises relied on migrant labor-a cheap, unorganized, and powerless workforce. In 1965, when some 800 Filipino grape workers began to strike under the aegis of the AFL-CIO, the UFW soon joined the action with 2,000 Mexican workers and turned the strike into a civil rights struggle. They engaged in civil disobedience, mobilized support from churches and students, boycotted growers, and transformed their struggle into La Causa, a farm workers's movement that eventually triumphed over the grape industry's Goliath. Why did they succeed? How can the powerless challenge the powerful successfully? Offering insight from a longtime movement organizer and scholar, Ganz illustrates how they had the ability and resourcefulness to devise good strategy and turn short-term advantages into long-term gains. Authoritative in scholarship and magisterial in scope, this book constitutes a seminal contribution to learning from the movement's struggles, set-backs, and successes.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[T]his throughly documented account is support by insights and evidence from Marshall's personal experience, and many will read it as much for its exciting story of the farm workers' struggle as for its contribution to the theory of social movements.... Recommended." —Social & Behaviorial Science

"In Why David Sometimes Wins, Ganz demonstrates his own marvelous story telling skill in his narration of the farm workers' movement in America... It's about organizing and tactics that work. Ganz describes them in a unique and interesting manner from his own vantage point within the farm workers' movement. WHy David Sometimes Wins is a valuable resource for teachers and students of community organizing, labor history and the dynamics of social change." —Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

"A brilliant new book."—The Nation

"Why David Sometimes Wins is an exceptional book that will be of widespread interest to scholars and activists alike."—American Journal of Sociology

"This book is a must read for organizers. The analysis of how a small and poor, but motivated, group of workers triggered a social movement provides invaluable lessons on what to do and not do as we struggle with the challenges of the 21st century." —Andy Stern, President, Service Employees International Union

"How does David defeat Goliath and, equally important, avoid becoming Goliath? The answer is to develop strategic capacity, an ongoing interactive process of experimentation, learning, and adapting. This fascinating book shows how Cesar Chavez and the UFW created and then lost its strategic capacity-an important lesson on leadership and organization." —Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Harvard University

"Through unforgettable and compelling stories, Marshall Ganz convincingly shows how we need not wait for the right time in history, but how we can all participate in making history together and how the resources to do so can be found in one another. Why David Sometimes Wins will enter the canon of readings on social change. Get this book. Read it. Use it!" —Gerald Torres, co-author of The Miner's Canary

"Why Sometimes David Wins by Marshall Ganz provides another example of a focus on pure organizing, using the 1960s Farmworkers, a union in which Ganz was a key participant, to develop a general theory of organizing... this nicely crafted book distills a lifetime of knowledge about the strategies and contexts of grassroots organizing to provide new and fundamental insights into how social movements can be most effective" —Contemporary Sociology

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199757855
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 9/13/2010
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 368
  • Sales rank: 991,739
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Marshall Ganz joined Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers in 1965, where he worked for 16 years, and has since continued work with grassroots organizations to design voter-mobilization strategies for local, state, and national electoral campaigns, most recently with Barack Obama. Ganz is currently Lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.

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Table of Contents

Abbreviations xv

1 Introduction: How David Beat Goliath 3

2 Beginnings: Immigrants, Radicals, and the AFL (1900-1959) 23

3 New Opportunities, New Initiatives: AWOC, Teamsters, and the FWA (1959-1962) 53

4 A Storm Gathers: Two Responses (1963-1965) 93

5 The Great Delano Grape Strike (1965-1966) 119

6 Meeting the Counterattack: DiGiorgio, the Teamsters, and UFWOC (1966) 167

7 Launching a New Union (1966-1967) 201

Epilogue 239

Appendix 255

Notes 277

References 317

Index 337

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