Wideband TDD: WCDMA for the Unpaired Spectrum / Edition 1

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Overview

3rd generation radio systems will be increasingly developed, deployed and operated in the years to come. TDD is one of two main approaches to implementing these 3G systems, so that there will be an increasing need for the engineering community to learn quickly and comprehensively about the TDD technology. As 3G systems become popular, the topics will no doubt be introduced to academic curricula and will also provide a basis for future research.

This book provides comprehensive coverage of TDD.  It is essentially a Radio Access Network technology and the book embraces the structure of the radio interface as well as the user equipment and network equipment. In addition, Wideband TDD also covers the connection of the TDD Radio Access Network to the 3G Core Network and public switched networks (PSTN) as well as public and private packet networks (Internet and Intranet). Services, applications and performance are also addressed. Finally, TDD is compared with other radio access technologies, namely FDD, TD-SCDMA and WLAN. TD-SCDMA is the Narrowband version of TDD in 3G, and WLAN standards address wireless computer communications.

Although there are a number of books published on 3G and UMTS, most of the focus of these books has been on FDD component of 3G.
Wideband TDD:

  • Describes all aspects of TDD in a single comprehensive manner
  • Addresses TDD technology, TDD systems and the TDD market place
  • Discusses deployment scenarios and Radio Resource Management for TDD
  • Provides a comparison of TDD with other radio access technologies, namely FDD, TD-SCDMA and wireless LANs

This will prove an essential addition to the bookshelf of professional communication and software engineers, development engineers, technical marketing professionals, researchers in industry, wireless equipment vendors such as Siemens, Nokia and InterDigital, operators and service providers.
It will also provide a comprehensive overview of TDD for postgraduates who are taking advanced courses in Mobile Wireless communications.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470861042
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/14/2004
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 286
  • Product dimensions: 6.61 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures xiii

List of Tables xix

Preface xxi

Acknowledgements xxiii

Foreword xxv

Acronyms xxix

1 Introduction 1

1.1 WTDD Technology 2

1.2 Other Advanced Radio Interface Technologies 2

1.3 3GPP Standards for Wideband TDD (WTDD) 3

1.4 Overview of the Book 4

2 System Architecture and Services 5

2.1 UMTS System Architecture 5

2.1.1 CN Architecture 5

2.1.2 UTRAN Architecture 7

2.1.3 Radio Interface 10

2.2 Protocol Architecture 10

2.2.1 UMTS Protocol Layers 11

2.2.2 Protocol Models for UTRAN Interfaces 12

2.3 UMTS Services 15

2.3.1 Traffic Classes and Quality of Service 16

2.3.2 UMTS QoS Attributes 18

References 19

3 Fundamentals of TDD-WCDMA 21

3.1 TDD Aspects 21

3.2 TDMA Aspects 22

3.2.1 Data Burst Structure 22

3.2.2 Midamble Generation 23

3.2.3 Synchronization Bursts 25

3.3 WCDMA Aspects 26

3.3.1 Spreading and Modulation 26

3.4 Modem Transmitter 28

3.4.1 Error Protection 29

3.4.2 Interleaving and Rate Matching 31

3.4.3 WCDMA and TDMA Processing 32

3.4.4 Pulse Shaping and Up Conversion 32

3.4.5 RF Characteristics 32

3.4.6 Transmit Diversity 34

3.5 Mobile Radio Channel Aspects 36

3.5.1 Mean Pathloss and Shadow Characteristics 36

3.5.2 Multipath Characteristics 37

3.6 Modem Receiver Aspects 38

3.6.1 RF Characteristics 38

3.6.2 Detection of Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signals39

3.6.3 Rake Receiver Structure 39

3.6.4 Joint Detection Receiver Structure 41

References 42

4 TDD Radio Interface 43

4.1 Overview 43

4.2 Protocol Architecture 45

4.3 Layer 1 Structure 48

4.3.1 Physical Channels 48

4.3.2 Transport Channels 55

4.4 Layer 1 Communication 59

4.4.1 Layer 1 Processing 59

4.4.2 Inter-Layer Communication 61

4.5 Layer 2 Structure 63

4.5.1 Logical Channels 63

4.5.2 Radio Bearers 64

4.6 Layer 2 Communication 65

4.6.1 Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocol 65

4.6.2 Radio Link Control (RLC) Protocol 71

4.6.3 Packet Data Protocols (PDCP) 77

4.6.4 BMC Protocol 79

4.7 Layer 3 Communication 81

4.7.1 Radio Resource Control (RRC) Protocol 81

Appendix 4.1 System Information Blocks 85

References 86

5 TDD Procedures 89

5.1 Introductory Concepts 89

5.1.1 RRC Modes and States 89

5.1.2 DRX/Sleep Mode 90

5.2 Overview of Procedures 93

5.3 PLMN/Cell Selection/Reselection Procedure 95

5.4 Random Access Procedure 97

5.5 Paging Procedures 99

5.5.1 Paging Types 99

5.5.2 Paging Process at Layer 2 and Above 100

5.5.3 Broadcast Paging 101

5.5.4 Paging at Layer 1 103

5.5.5 Dedicated Paging Example 104

5.6 RRC Connection Procedures 104

5.6.1 Procedure between Network Elements 104

5.6.2 Procedure between Protocol Entities 105

5.7 RAB/RB Establishment Procedures 106

5.8 RAB/RB Management Procedures 110

5.9 Power Control Procedures 114

5.10 UE Timing Advance Procedures 119

5.10.1 Initial Timing Advance 120

5.10.2 Steady-State Timing Advance 121

5.11 Measurements Procedures 122

5.11.1 Common UE Measurements 123

5.11.2 Specific UE Measurements 123

5.11.3 Measurement Types 123

5.11.4 Measurement Reporting Methods 125

5.11.5 Node B Measurements 127

5.12 Cell/URA Update Procedures 127

5.13 Handover Procedures 130

5.14 NAS Signaling Message Transmission Procedures 135

5.15 Data Transmission Initialization Procedures 136

5.15.1 Inter-Layer Procedure 138

5.16 End-to-End Communication Procedures 139

5.16.1 UE Registration Procedures 139

5.16.2 Authentication and Security 142

5.16.3 CS Call Control Procedures 143

5.16.4 PS Session Control Procedures 146

5.16.5 CS Call and PS Session Data Procedures 147

References 149

6 Receiver Signal Processing 151

6.1 Receiver Architecture 151

6.2 Channel Estimation 154

6.2.1 Post-processing 157

6.3 Data Detection 157

6.3.1 Introduction 157

6.3.2 Multi-User Detection 159

6.3.3 Zero-Forcing Block Linear Equalizer (ZF-BLE) JD 160

6.3.4 Minimum Mean Square Error Block Linear Equalizer(MMSE-BLE) Joint Detector 161

6.3.5 Zero Forcing Block Linear Equalizer with Decision Feedback(DF ZF-BLE) Joint Detector 161

6.3.6 Minimum Mean Square Error Block Linear Equalizer withDecision Feedback (DF MMSE-BLE) Joint Detector 162

6.3.7 Approximate Cholesky/LDLH Factorization 162

6.3.8 Parallel Interference Cancellation (PIC) Detectors 165

6.3.9 Successive Interference Cancellers (SIC) Detectors 165

6.3.10 Implementation and Performance 166

6.4 Cell Search 169

6.4.1 Basic Initial Cell Search Algorithm 170

6.4.2 Basic Targeted Cell Search Algorithm 170

6.4.3 Hierarchical Golay Correlator 171

6.4.4 Auxiliary Algorithms 172

References 173

7 Radio Resource Management 175

7.1 Introduction 175

7.2 RRM Functions 177

7.2.1 Cell Initialization 177

7.2.2 Admission Control 178

7.2.3 Radio Bearer Establishment 179

7.2.4 Radio Bearer Maintenance 186

7.2.5 Cell Maintenance 190

7.3 Physical Layer RRM Algorithms 196

7.3.1 Basic Concepts 196

7.3.2 Dynamic Channel Assignment (DCA) Algorithms 200

References 207

8 Deployment Scenarios 209

8.1 Types of Deployment 209

8.2 Capacity and Coverage 210

8.2.1 Network Capacity 210

8.2.2 Analysis 211

8.2.3 TDD Capacity: Over-the-Rooftop Deployment 214

8.3 Coexistence 216

8.3.1 BS to BS Interference 217

8.3.2 UE to UE Interference 224

References 228

9 Alternate Technologies 229

9.1 WTDD-WLAN Comparison 229

9.1.1 System and Service Attributes of WLANs 229

9.1.2 Comparison of TDD and WLAN System and Service Attributes231

9.1.3 Performance of 802.11b WLAN Systems 233

9.1.4 Comparison of UMTS TDD and 802.11b WLAN System Performance235

9.1.5 Deployment Considerations for UMTS TDD and WLAN Systems237

9.2 WTDD – TDSCDMA Comparison 237

9.2.1 TD-SCDMA in the Standards Evolution 237

9.2.2 Comparison 237

9.2.3 TD-SCDMA Potential Deployment Scenarios 239

References 240

Index 241

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