William Stukeley: Science, Religion and Archaeology in Eighteenth-Century England

William Stukeley: Science, Religion and Archaeology in Eighteenth-Century England

by David Boyd Haycock
     
 

ISBN-10: 0851158641

ISBN-13: 9780851158648

Pub. Date: 05/15/2002

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited

Dr William Stukeley (1687-1765) was the most renowned English antiquary of the eighteenth century. This study discusses his life and achievements, placing him firmly within his intellectual milieu, which he shared with his illustrious friend Isaac Newton and with other natural philosophers, theologians and historians. Stukeley's greatest memorial was his work on the…  See more details below

Overview

Dr William Stukeley (1687-1765) was the most renowned English antiquary of the eighteenth century. This study discusses his life and achievements, placing him firmly within his intellectual milieu, which he shared with his illustrious friend Isaac Newton and with other natural philosophers, theologians and historians. Stukeley's greatest memorial was his work on the stone circles of Stonehenge and Avebury: at a time when most historians believed they were Roman or medieval monuments, he proved that they were of much greater antiquity, and his influence on subsequent interpretations of these monuments and their builders was enormous. For Stukeley, these stone circles - the work of "Celtic Druids", were a link in the chain that connected the pristine religion of Adam and Noah with the modern Anglican Church. Historians today belittle such speculations, but Stukeley shared his vision of lost religious and scientific knowledge with many of the great minds of his day; this account shows how throughout his distinguished career his antiquarian researches fortified his response to Enlightenment irreligion and the threat he believed it posed to science and society. DAVID BOYD HAYCOCK is a Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Oxford.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780851158648
Publisher:
Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date:
05/15/2002
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
0.75(w) x 9.21(h) x 6.14(d)

Table of Contents

List of Plates
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
Major dates in the life of William Stukeley
Foreword
Introduction1
1'Standing on the Sholders of Giants': The Intellectual Background15
2'Soe Suitable to my Genius': An Eighteenth-Century Education30
3'The Microcosm': Doctor and Anatomist54
4'The Macrocosm': New Theories of the Universe75
5'The Curious Itinerary': Antiquities and the History of Britain109
6'The Long-Lost Truth': Ancient History and the Origins of Theology136
7'Much Greater, Than Commonly Imagined': Celtic Druids and the Universal Religion160
8'I Have Ever Been Studious in Divinity': Archaeology in Defence of Newtonianism189
9'A Truely to be Respected Learned Man': The Reputation of Dr. Stukeley217
10'These Learned Lives': The Influence of Dr. Stukeley237
Bibliography263
Index285

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