Willis Richardson, Forgotten Pioneer Of African-American Drama

Overview

During the 1920s and 1930s, Willis Richardson (1889-1977) was highly respected as a leading African-American playwright and drama anthologist. His plays were performed by numerous black high school, college, and university drama groups and by theater companies in Chicago, New York, Washington D.C., Cleveland, Baltimore, and Atlanta. With the opening of The Chip Woman's Fortune (1923), he became the first African American to have a play produced on Broadway. Several of his 46 plays were published in assorted ...

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Overview

During the 1920s and 1930s, Willis Richardson (1889-1977) was highly respected as a leading African-American playwright and drama anthologist. His plays were performed by numerous black high school, college, and university drama groups and by theater companies in Chicago, New York, Washington D.C., Cleveland, Baltimore, and Atlanta. With the opening of The Chip Woman's Fortune (1923), he became the first African American to have a play produced on Broadway. Several of his 46 plays were published in assorted magazines, and in his essays, he urged black Americans to seek their dramatic material in their own lives and circumstances. In addition, he edited three anthologies of plays by African-Americans. But between 1940 and his death in 1977, Richardson came to realize that his plays were period pieces and that they no longer reflected the problems and situations of African-Americans. In the years before his death, he attempted vigorously yet unsuccessfully to preserve several of his plays through publication, if not production. But the man who has been called the father of African-American drama and who was considered the hope and promise of African-American drama died in obscurity.

Richardson has even been neglected by the scholarly community. This critical biography, the first extensive consideration of his life and work, firmly reestablishes his pioneering role in American theater. The book begins with a detailed chronology, followed by a thoughtful biographical essay. The volume then examines the nature of African-American drama in the 1920s, the period during which Richardson was most productive, and it analyzes his approach to drama as a means of educating African-American audiences. It then explores the African-American community as the central theme in Richardson's plays, for Richardson typically looks at the consequences of refusals by blacks to help one another. The work additionally considers Richardson's history plays, his anthologies, his dramas intended for black children, and his essays. A concluding chapter summarizes his lasting influence; the book closes with a listing of his plays and an extensive bibliography.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
In the first full-length treatment of his life and work, Gray (English, Catonsville Community College) not only draws attention to Richardson (1889-1977) himself, but takes him as an example of the pioneers of African-American theater who lie in obscurity. After reviewing his life, she examines African-American drama during the 1920s, his approach to drama, the community focus of his plays, and other material by him. She includes a full list of his published and unpublished plays. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

CHRISTINE RAUCHFUSS GRAY is Assistant Professor of English at Catonsville Community College.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Chronology
Introduction 1
1 "All Within My Power": The Biography of Willis Richardson 7
2 The Mirror and the Mask: An Overview of African-American Drama during the 1920s 33
3 The Education of African Americans: Willis Richardson's Approach to Drama 55
4 The African-American Community: The Focus of Willis Richardson's Plays 69
5 An Overview of Other Materials by Willis Richardson 93
Afterword 105
Plays by Willis Richardson 113
Bibliography 115
Index 127
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