Winning with Options: The Smart Way to Manage Portfolio Risk and Maximize Profit

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Overview

Options are an integral part of any financial portfolio, but they can be intimidating to the average investor. While often viewed as risky, the truth is that, if used properly, options can be one of the best tools for balancing a portfolio. In fact, they can help investors protect themselves from downside risk and leverage capital to make bigger plays than would otherwise be possible. In Winning with Options, Michael C. Thomsett offers nontechnical, easy-to-follow advice for readers who need guidance on important techniques related to portfolio management, such as diversification and risk management. Readers will discover how to:

choose the right brokerage firm • use online resources • pick the right stocks • track options • set portfolio and risk goals • understand the complicated world of options lingo • make the most of day trading and swing trading

Straightforward and practical, this is the one book that will help the novice option trader navigate the sometimes daunting, but often rewarding, world of trading and investing in options.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814400333
  • Publisher: AMACOM
  • Publication date: 3/26/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 260
  • Sales rank: 1,014,508
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.55 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael C. Thomsett (Port Townsend, WA) has written more than 50 books, including Getting Started in Options, Annual Reports 101, The Stock Investor's Pocket Calculator, The Real Estate Investor's Pocket Calculator, and Getting Started in Fundamental Analysis. He has been a management consultant in the securities industry and is an active options trader.
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Read an Excerpt

C H A P T E R 1

A FEW BASICS

One of the greatest pieces of economic wisdom is to know what you do

not know.

—John Kenneth Galbraith, in Time Magazine, March 3, 1961

Imagine investing in a company, holding shares of stock

for the long term while earning a nice dividend each year,

and watching your portfolio grow over time in a robust

and healthy economy. Now imagine expanding this idea to

create additional benefits. These include being able to take

profits when they occur as a result of short-term overreaction

in the market, to protect your stock against price declines,

and to use your shares of stock to increase current

income each and every year—when the stock rises and

when it falls.

That environment does exist. With the careful, wellplanned

use of options, you can manage your portfolio to

reduce overall risk while increasing current income. At the

same time, you can satisfy the urge to speculate without

placing your long-term investments at risk. You might not

think of yourself as a risk taker, but most people like to

imagine what it would be like to play short-term price

movement and make a little extra money doing so. If you

are typical, you probably have not gone down that road

because you do not want to place your investment capital

at risk, and that is a legitimate reason to play it safe. However,

this book lays out a series of strategies involving

options that you can use to create the ideal stock environment

without added risk. Options are flexible and present

many great opportunities, making them a practical income

generator and risk-reducing device.

■ Ground Rules for Stock Selection

You have probably heard about options in terms of high

risk and high loss. They are often seen as speculative ‘‘side

bets’’ that only the high rolling risk taker wants to use. But

this is not necessarily the case. A large number of option

strategies are actually low-risk and worth considering even

in the most conservative portfolio.

To establish a clear definition of options and how they

work, you need to be aware that an option is merely a

‘‘right.’’ It has no tangible value and only grants its owner

the ability to transact stock at a predetermined price. This

gets interesting when the stock price moves above or below

that set price. The more the movement of the price, the

more valuable the option becomes—because the option

fixes the price of the stock, no matter what its market price

is at the time.

To understand this in a way familiar to many people,

consider the case of a real estate lease-option contract.

Under this deal, a person who wants to buy a home enters

into a lease with the owner, agreeing to pay a specified

amount of rent for a period of years. In addition, the contract

specifies that at any time before expiration of the

lease, the tenant also has the right (the ‘‘option’’) to buy

the house at a specified, fixed amount. Therefore, even if

the market value of the home doubles, the tenant has the

contractual right to exercise the option and buy the house.

Numerous possible outcomes can occur, as shown in the

example below.

EXAMPLE

You want to buy a house currently valued at $265,000 but

you do not have the down payment. You believe that you

can save up enough to buy the house within three years,

so you offer the owner a lease-option. It specifies that you

will make lease payments over a 36-month period, and

also that at any time you can exercise an option to buy the

house for $265,000. At the end of the lease term, the option

expires. Several outcomes may occur:

• You are unable to save enough, or the house actually

declines in market value. You allow the lease to expire

without taking any action.

• The house doubles in value to more than $500,000 and

you exercise the option. The owner is required by contract

to sell the house to you for $265,000.

• The property increases in value and the owner does not

want to sell, so he offers to buy your option from you.

The price is negotiated based on current market value

versus the option value of the property.

The kind of real estate transaction shown in this example

occurs quite often. Now apply the same concept to the

stock market and you have a fairly good idea of how it all

works. For the price you pay to buy an option, you fix the

price of stock. A call option gives you the right (but not the

obligation) to buy 100 shares of a specific stock, on or be-

fore a specified deadline (the expiration date), for an exact

price (the strike price). The opposite is a put, which is an

option granting its owner the right to sell 100 shares of

stock on or before expiration and at a specific strike price.

For option sellers, the rights are ceded to buyers. The rules

for both types of options are summarized in Figure 1-1.

Before jumping in and starting to buy (or to sell) calls

and puts—or before investing in stock with option trading

in mind—you need to consider the risk elements, not only

of options but also within your stock portfolio. As a starting

point, a series of commonsense rules will help you to

keep your stock portfolio and options in perspective. First

is the ‘‘rule’’ that your long-term portfolio objectives

should govern all of your decisions:

Rule 1: Pick stocks based on your well-defined objectives

and risk tolerance levels, and never based on potential

gains from options. Too many first-time option

investors make the mistake of picking stocks based on the

value of related options. Another mistake is keeping highrisk

stocks in your portfolio because options are poten-

tially profitable, when you would otherwise sell and replace

those shares with safer stocks.

Rule 2: Be sure the stocks you hold are appropriate

for you, and when that is no longer true, sell and replace

those shares.

The third rule to remember is related to the long-term

nature of most portfolios.

Rule 3: Select stocks based on your belief about longterm

price appreciation, above all other considerations.

This final rule is the basic ‘‘value investing’’ approach.

Under this premise, any long-term hold stocks should be

in highly-valued, well-managed, competitively dominant

companies whose stock you can buy at a bargain price

(and then hold for the long term). Although this premise

makes sense, it does not preclude options. In fact, value

stocks are often the best stocks for various option-based

strategies, assuming that you first apply the fundamental

rules for stock selection.

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Table of Contents

CONTENTS

Introduction: Portfolio Management Alternatives 1

Chapter 1: A Few Basics 5

Chapter 2: Setting Portfolio and Risk Goals 34

Chapter 3: The Strange World of Options Lingo 55

Chapter 4: A Primer on Options Trading 79

Chapter 5: Spreads and Straddles 109

Chapter 6: The Contingent Purchase Plan 131

Chapter 7: Options for Short-Term Profits 153

Chapter 8: Tax Rules for Options 177

Chapter 9: Diversifying by Strategy Instead of by Stock 192

Chapter 10: A Long-Term Portfolio Planning Guide 217

Glossary 237

Index 245

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