Witches, Scientists, Philosophers: Essays and Lectures / Edition 1

Witches, Scientists, Philosophers: Essays and Lectures / Edition 1

by Graham Solomon, Robert E. Butts
     
 

Robert E. Butts (1928-1997) was a philosopher and historian of science whose central concerns were the distinction between the rational and the irrational. He viewed scientific rationality as our major defence against the various conditions that encourage witch hunts and similar outbursts of irrationality, with all their attendant pain and terror. Butts saw himself

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Overview

Robert E. Butts (1928-1997) was a philosopher and historian of science whose central concerns were the distinction between the rational and the irrational. He viewed scientific rationality as our major defence against the various conditions that encourage witch hunts and similar outbursts of irrationality, with all their attendant pain and terror. Butts saw himself as a pragmatic realist, combining what he took to be the best aspects of logical empiricism with a historically informed pragmatism, deeply appreciative of the methods of science, trying to describe a kind of rationality essential in the struggle to preserve human values.
This volume gathers previously unpublished essays and lectures with some previously published, thematically related essays. It includes essays and lectures on philosophical aspects of the European witch hunt, on scientific rationality and methodology, and on the relationships between science and philosophy exhibited in the writings of such historically significant figures as Leibniz, D'Alembert, Hume, Kant, Carnap and Kuhn.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780792366089
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
10/31/2000
Series:
The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, #65
Edition description:
2001
Pages:
206
Product dimensions:
9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 0.56(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1Two Stories About Evil: Christianity and the Creation of Witches3
2The Tamblyn Lectures: DE PRAESTIGIIS DAEMONUM: Early Modern Witchcraft: Some Philosophical Reflections
3Leibniz' Monads: A Heritage of Gnosticism and a Source of Rational Science37
4Rationalism in Modern Science: d'Alembert and the "esprit simpliste"51
5Hume's Scepticism63
6Husserl's Critique of Hume's Notion of Distinctions of Reason71
7The Role of Arational Factors in Interpretive History: The Case of Kant and ESP79
8Kant's Theory of Musical Sound: An Early Exercise in Cognitive Science107
9Kant's Dialectic and the Logic of Illusion127
10The Hypothetico-Deductive Model of Scientific Theories: A Sympathetic Disclaimer139
11Methodology and the Functional Identity of Science and Philosophy159
12Sciences and Pseudoscience: An Attempt at a New Form of Demarcation173
13The Reception of German Scientific Philosophy in North America: 1930-1962193

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