Without Regard to Race: The Other Martin Robison Delany

Without Regard to Race: The Other Martin Robison Delany

by Tunde Adeleke
     
 

ISBN-10: 1578065984

ISBN-13: 9781578065981

Pub. Date: 01/13/2004

Publisher: University Press of Mississippi

Before Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois lifted the banner for black liberation and independence, Martin Robison Delany (1812-1885) was at the forefront. He was the first black appointed as a combat major in the Union army during the Civil War. He was a pan-Africanist and a crusader for black freedom and equality in the nineteenth century. For the past three

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Overview

Before Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. Du Bois lifted the banner for black liberation and independence, Martin Robison Delany (1812-1885) was at the forefront. He was the first black appointed as a combat major in the Union army during the Civil War. He was a pan-Africanist and a crusader for black freedom and equality in the nineteenth century. For the past three decades, however, this precursor has been regarded only as a militant black nationalist and "racial essentialist." To his discredit, his ideas, programs, and accomplishments have been maintained as models of uncompromising militancy. Classifying Delany solely for his militant nationalist rhetoric crystalizes him into a one-dimensional figure.

This study of his life and thought, the first critical biography of the pivotal African American thinker written by a historian, challenges the distorting portrait and, arguing that Delany reflects the spectrum of the nineteenth-century black independence movement, makes a strong case for bringing him closer to the center position of the liberal mainstream.

He displayed a far greater degree of optimism about the future of blacks in America than has been acknowledged, and he faced pragmatic socio-economic realities that made it possible for him to be flexible for compromise. Focusing on neglected phases in his intellectual life, this book reveals Delany as a personality who was neither uncompromisingly militant nor dogmatically conservative. It argues that his complex strategies for racial integration were much more focused on America than on separateness and nationalism.

The extreme characterization of him that has been prominent in the contemporary mind reflects ideologies of scholars who came of age during the civil rights era, the period that initially inspired great interest in his life.

This new look at him paints a portrait of the "other Delany," a thinker able to reach across racial boundaries to offer compromise and dialogue.

Tunde Adeleke, director of African American studies at the University of Montana, Missoula, is the author of UnAfrican Americans: Nineteenth-Century Black Nationalists and the Civilizing Mission and editor of Booker T. Washington: Interpretive Essays.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781578065981
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
Publication date:
01/13/2004
Pages:
274
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 6.40(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Ch. 1Black Biography: From Instrumentalism to Functionalism3
Ch. 2Delany Historiography19
Ch. 3First Integrationist Phase: Moral Suasion, 1830-184940
Ch. 4Second Integrationist Phase: 1863-187470
Ch. 5Third Integrationist Phase: 1875-1877135
Ch. 6Final Years: 1878-1885161
Conclusion178
App. A"A Political Review"194
App. B"Trial and Conviction"210
Notes228
Bibliography256
Index269

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