Wittgenstein / Edition 1by Severin Schroeder
Pub. Date: 04/10/2006
This book offers a lucid and highly readable account of Wittgenstein's philosophy, framed against the background of his extraordinary life and character. Woven together with a biographical narrative, the chapters explain the key ideas of Wittgenstein's work, from his first book, the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to his mature masterpiece, the/i>… See more details below
This book offers a lucid and highly readable account of Wittgenstein's philosophy, framed against the background of his extraordinary life and character. Woven together with a biographical narrative, the chapters explain the key ideas of Wittgenstein's work, from his first book, the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to his mature masterpiece, the Philosophical Investigations.
Severin Schroeder shows that at the core of Wittgenstein's later work lies a startlingly original and subversive conception of the nature of philosophy. In accordance with this conception, Wittgenstein offers no new philosophical doctrines to replace his earlier ones, but seeks to demonstrate how all philosophical theorizing is the result of conceptual misunderstanding. He first diagnoses such misunderstanding at the core of his own earlier philosophy of language and then subjects philosophical views and problems about various mental phenomena understanding, sensations, the will to a similar therapeutic analysis. Schroeder provides a clear and careful account of the main arguments offered by Wittgenstein. He concludes by considering some critical responses to Wittgenstein's work, assessing its legacy for contemporary philosophy.
Wittgenstein is ideal for students seeking a clear and concise introduction to the work of this seminal twentieth-century philosopher.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Between Vienna and Cambridge.
1.1 The Wittgensteins.
1.3 Moral Solipsism.
1.4 Aviator or Philosopher.
1.6 Norway and the War..
Chapter 2: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
2.0 Logic and Sins.
2.1 Foundations: Referentialism, Analysis, Determinacy & Bi-polarity.
2.2 Logical Atomism.
2.3 Pictures: Language & Thought.
2.5 Whereof One Cannot Speak.
(a) Sense, logical syntax, internal properties and formal concepts.
(b) The logical form of reality.
(e) The Tractatus Paradox..
Chapter 3: Schoolmaster, Architect and Professor of Philosophy..
Chapter 4: Philosophical Investigations.
4.0 Only an Album.
4.1 The Dissolution of Logical Atomism.
(b) Determinacy of sense.
(c) Logical analysis.
(f) Meaning through meaning.
4.2 The Nature of Philosophy.
4.3 Meaning and Use.
4.4 The Philosophical Problem about Mental Processes and States.
4.5 Understanding and Meaning An instructive misinterpretation.
4.6 The Inner-Object Conception of Sensations.
(a) The Ascribability Argument.
(b) The Idle-Wheel Argument.
(c) Knowledge of other minds.
(d) The No-Criterion Argument.
(e) An understandable use.
(f) The grammar of a sensation word.
4.7 Actions and Reasons.
(a) Voluntary action.
(b) Acting for reasons..
Chapter 5: The final years.
Chapter 6: After Wittgenstein.
6.1 Oxford Philosophy & American Philosophy.
6.2 Challenges to Wittgenstein's Philosophy.
(a) Attacks on the distinction between conceptual and empirical statements.
(b) Attacks on the common-sense view of linguistic meaning.
(c) Putnam's criticism of 'logical behaviourism'.
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