Women and Justice / Edition 2

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Women and Justice takes a socio-legal look at the historical and contemporary state of justice in women's lives. Sheryl Grana thoroughly examines civil justice issues such as marriage, divorce, same-sex couples, motherhood, education and paid work, as well as criminal justice issues such as women's criminality.

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Editorial Reviews

Jill Bystydzienski
The Second Edition of Women and Justice is a comprehensive volume that addresses the contested concept of justice in relation to women and gender in the context of privilege and oppression. It is a valuable introductory resource that can be used as a research and teaching reference or an undergraduate text by women's and gender studies scholars in such areas as law and feminist jurisprudence, education, work and economics, violence, marriage and family, and crime.
Cara Tuttle Bell
The positive tone of the new edition empowers the reader to think more critically—and optimistically!—about social justice. This comprehensive text is impressively thorough yet so user-friendly that it is appropriate for university students of all ages and degree programs as well as provide an excellent source for an inspired non-traditional (as in, a departure from the Socratic method) law school course.
Susan Caringella
A highly readable foray into women, law, injustice, discrimination and male power and privilege. The text goes beyond the standard women and crime text that address women as criminals, victims and workers in the criminal legal system to explore women, class and justice through U.S. culture, education, employment (paid and unpaid labor), poverty, prison, and marriage and the family. Grana examines how injustice impacts not just women's legal lives, but their 'non-legal' or civil lives as well. She chronologies how the history of common law sets up civil, criminal and constitutional law to disenfranchise and burden women. She critically assesses contemporary resolutions such as compensatory equality laws, equal protection laws, the attempted Equal Rights Amendment, Titles VII and IX, and affirmative action. This decidedly accessible book is an exceptionally broad based analysis, from the lens of feminist jurisprudence, which canvasses concrete issues of injustice ranging from crime to 'Chilly Climate,' single sex education, sports programming, sexual harassment, the wage gap, glass ceiling, the 'mommy tax' and childrearing, divorce/child support, and abortion, contraception, to lesbian couples, the feminization of poverty, sexual terrorism, rape, domestic abuse, pornography, the media, prostitution and violence, and the imprisonment of women. Women and Justice imparts clear and pithy insight into the multi-layered reality of legal and sociological injustice that women experience in all walks of life.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780742570016
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/16/2009
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 244
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Sheryl J. Grana is associate professor of sociology at University of Minnesota Duluth.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xi

1 Why Women and Justice? 1

Oppression 3

Difference, Diversity, and Privilege 4

The Equality Debate 7

Justice 12

The Cost of Being Female 12

"What, Then, Is to Be Done?" 13

2 Ideas about Women 15

People, Conditions, and Ideas 16

The Influence of Patriarchy 17

"Nature" and Biology 20

Gender Schemas 21

Quadraplexation 23

Preindustrial Ideas about Women 24

Industrial Era Ideas about Women 25

Walking the Line 28

3 In the Beginning 31

The Development of Common Law 31

The Role of People, Conditions, and Ideas 32

Civil and Criminal Law 35

Is Common Law Male? 36

Challenges to the Common Law System 40

Feminist Jurisprudence 41

4 The U.S. Constitution and the Notion of Equality 45

Equality of Power 45

The Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution 46

Constitutional Interpretation 48

Is the Constitution Male? 48

Equality and the Constitution 50

Constitutional Protection and Precedent 51

Equal Protection Analysis 51

Strict Scrutiny 53

Equal Rights Amendments 57

Feminist Alternatives 59

5 Crime and Criminality 61

What Is a Crime? 61

Women and Crime 63

Theories about Criminal Women 67

Mainstream/Malestream Criminology Theories 68

Early Theories on Women and Criminality 72

Newer Ideas about Women and Crime 75

Feminist Theories of Women's Criminality 76

6 Education 79

Educating Women 80

Title IX 82

Issues Concerning Title IX 83

Equity under Title IX 88

Quadraplexation and Education 89

Women Criminals, Education, and Work Training 90

7 Paid and Unpaid Work 93

A Short History of Paid and Unpaid Labor 93

Paid Production Issues 96

Unpaid Production Issues111

Quadra Plexation and Work 113

8 Women Professionals in the Justice System 115

In the Courts-Lawyers 116

In the Prisons-Correctional Officers 121

In Law Enforcement-Police Officers 123

Quadraplexation, Walking the Line, and the Professions 125

9 Unmarried, Married, and Coupled Women's Lives 129

Family 129

Marriage 131

Marital Dissolution, Marital Property, and Marital Support 134

Children and Parenting 141

Lesbian (and Gay Male) Couples and Marriage 148

Women Criminals and Their Families 151

10 Economics and Disadvantage: Women's Poverty 155

Defining Poverty 156

Who Are the Poor? 157

The Feminization of Poverty 158

The Role of Government in Women's Poverty 160

Poverty and Violence against Women 163

Criminal Women and Poverty 165

11 Women, Their Bodies, and Violence 169

Pregnancy and Reproductive Choice 169

Violence against Women 173

Domestic Battery and Violent Households 176

Rape and Sexual Assault 181

Media Representations 187

Pornography 189

Prostitution and Violence 192

Violence in the Lives of Criminal Women 197

Quadraplexation, Women's Bodies, and Violence 197

12 The Housing of Women Criminals 199

A History 199

Contemporary Life in Women's Prisons 203

Gender Responsive Programming 210

13 In Closing 213

Bibliography 217

Index 229

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