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The Second Edition of Women and Power in American History includes fourteen new articles (six in volume one; eight in volume two) that reflect changing perspectives on women and gender in American history, providing expanded coverage of race, ethnicity, and public policy. A new Worldwide Web section in each volume lists annotated electronic resources relevant to the themes presented in Women and Power.New articles in volume one:
1. The Anglo-Algonquian Gender Frontier, Kathleen M. Brown.
2. The Weaker Sex as Religious Rebel, Lyle Koehler.
3. The Planter's Wife: The Experience of White Women in Seventeenth-Century Maryland, Lois Green Carr and Lorena S. Walsh.
4. The Beginnings of the Afro-American Family in Maryland, Allan Kulikoff.
5. “To Use Her as His Wife”: An Extraordinary Paternity Suit—in the 1740s, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
6. “Daughters of Liberty”: Religious Women in Revolutionary New England, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich.
7. Women and Outwork in Nineteenth-Century New England, Thomas Dublin.
8. The Sexual Division of Labor and the Artisan Tradition in Early Industrial Capitalism: The Case of New England Shoemaking, Mary H. Blewett.
9. The Domestic Balance of Power: Relations between Mistress and Maid in Nineteenth-Century New England, Carol Lasser.
10. Women, Work, and Protest in the Early Lowell Mills: The Oppressing Hand of Avarice Would Enslave Us, Thomas Dublin.
11. Female Slaves: Sex Roles and Status in the Antebellum South, Deborah G. White.
12. Women's Rights Emerges within the Anti-Slavery Movement: Angelina and Sarah Grimké in 1837, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
13. Beauty, the Beast, and the MilitantWoman: A Case Study in Sex Roles and Social Stress in Jacksonian America, Caroll Smith-Rosenberg.
14. Catharine Beecher Promotes Women's Entrance into the Teaching Profession, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
15. Women and Indians on the Frontier, Glenda Riley.
16. Victorian Women and Domestic Life: Mary Todd Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Harriet Beecher Stowe, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
17. Chinese Immigrant Women in Nineteenth-Century California, Lucie Cheng.
18. Reproductive Control and Conflict in the Nineteenth Century, Janet Farrell Brodie.
1. Separation as Strategy: Female Institution Building and American Feminism, 1870-1930, Estelle Freedman.
2. Women's Mighty Realm of Philanthropy, Ruth Bordin.
3. Race and Womanhood: The Woman's Christian Temperance Union and African-American Women in North Carolina, Glenda Gilmore.
4. Hull House in the 1890s: A Community of Women Reformers, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
5. “Charity Girls” and City Pleasures: Historical Notes on Working-Class Sexuality, 1880-1920, Kathy Peiss.
6. Rose Schneiderman and Working-Class Women, Annelise Orleck.
7. Organized Voluntarism: The Catholic Sisters in Massachusetts, 1870-1940, Mary J. Oates.
8. Discontented Black Feminists: Prelude and Postscript to the Passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, Rosalyn Terborg-Penn.
9. The Professionalization of Birth Control, Linda Gordon.
10. The Black Community and the Birth Control Movement, Jessie M. Rodrique.
11. Why Were Most Politically Active Women Opposed to the ERA in the 1920s?, Kathryn Kish Sklar.
12. Companionate Marriage and the Lesbian Threat, Christina Simmons.
13. “This Work Had a End”: African-American Domestic Workers in Washington, D.C., 1910-1940, Elizabeth Clark-Lewis.
14. Redefining “Women's Work”: The Sexual Division of Labor in the Auto Industry during World War II, Ruth Milkman.
15. When Women Arrived: The Transformation of New York's Chinatown, Xiaolan Bao.
16. Ella Baker and Models of Social Change, Charles Payne.
17. A New Women's Movement: The Emergence of the National Organization for Women, Cynthia Harrison.
18. “Woman Power Will Stop Those Grapes”: Chicana Organizers and Middle-Class Female Supporters in the Farm Workers' Grape Boycott in Philadelphia, 1969-1970, Margaret Rose.
19. State Building, Health Policy, and the Persistence of the American Abortion Debate, Helene Silverberg.
20. What Works: Fair Pay for Working Women, U.S. Department of Labor.
When we completed the first edition of Women and Power in American History: A Reader in 1991, we commented on the way the two volumes demonstrated the phenomenal growth of the field of U.S. women's history over the previous twenty years. A decade later the growing institutionalization of the field has become even more visible. Two major journals, the Journal of Women's History and Gender and History, are now both more than ten years old, as is a major dissertation prize, the Lerner-Scott Award. The number of graduate programs in U.S. Women's History has expanded as universities have responded to the growing demand for faculty in the field. While initially a department of history typically had a faculty member in U.S. Women's History and perhaps another in European Women's History, today it is increasingly common to find several faculty members in a department in each of these fields, as well as other colleagues with interests in wom6n or gender in Asia, Africa, or Latin America.
These developments have prompted us to gather a second edition. Our goal remains the same as in 1991: to bring together a coherent group of articles related to the unifying theme of power in women's lives over time. This focus helped us to consider new selections as we sorted through voluminous recent additions to scholarship in American Women's History. Fourteen of the 38 articles that we employ in this second edition are new to the reader, reflecting the changing perspectives that have emerged in the field as it has matured. In addition, we have thoroughly reworked the selected bibliography and have also added a new section to each volume, focusing on resource materials inU.S. Women's History on the World Wide Web. The emergence of the World Wide Web has been one of the most dramatic changes in the academic world in the past decade, and in history as well as in other disciplines, it offers rich new possibilities for research and teaching. We have both used the Web extensively in our teaching; collaboratively we have joined this revolution as codirectors of "Women and Social Movements in the United States," a major source of primary documents for teaching in U.S. Women's History.
U.S. Women's History emerged as a specialized field of historical study partly in response to the rebirth of the organized women's movement beginning in the 1960s. In that movement, women attacked gender inequalities in the broader society and struggled against barriers to women's full participation in American society. To us, as scholars and activists, it seems particularly appropriate to focus our readings in U.S. Women's History on questions of women and power in American History. A greater understanding of how power inequalities are organized along gender lines can help us work toward a more egalitarian and just society. Because the work of the women's movement is far from complete, our need for a fuller historical understanding of gender relations and women remains as great as ever. We trust this new reader will contribute to greater understanding and continuing change in women's and men's lives.
Our thanks to Professors Nancy Page Fernandez, California State University, Northridge, and Anya Jabour, University of Montana, for their thoughtful reviews of the first edition of this reader, and to Melissa Dbak of the State University of New York at Binghamton for consistent support as this project evolved.
Kathryn Kish Sklar