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Women and Social Reform in Modern India: A Reader

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Overview

Social reforms aimed at changing the social, political, or economic status of women in India were important both to British colonial rule and to nascent nationalist movements. The debates that began then over laws governing such practices as widow immolation, widow remarriage, and child marriage, as well as those governing marriage and property within different religious communities (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh), continued to exert profound influence on Indian society and politics throughout the twentieth century. In this impressive collection, eminent historians Tanika Sarkar and Sumit Sarkar bring together some of the most important scholarly articles and primary source documents from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, providing an introduction to key issues and a critique of how class, community, gender, and other dimensions have or have not been addressed in standard textbook treatments of Indian national history.
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Editorial Reviews

Journal of Colonialism & Colonial History e-jrnl
"[This book] brings together a very fine selection of scholarship on an important topic.... many of the essays collected in this volume continue to have an immense impact on our understanding of gender, and the changes wrought in gender relations by both the state and indigenous actors and organizations, in colonial India." —Farina Mir, Journal of Col. & Colonial History e-jrnl, Vol. 10.2 Fall 2009

— Farina Mir

Journal of Contemporary Asia
"[A]n outstanding volume of first-rate scholarship on women and social reform in colonial India." —Journal of Contemporary Asia
Journal of Col. & Colonial History e-jrnl - Farina Mir
"[This book] brings together a very fine selection of scholarship on an important topic.... many of the essays collected in this volume continue to have an immense impact on our understanding of gender, and the changes wrought in gender relations by both the state and indigenous actors and organizations, in colonial India." —Farina Mir, Journal of Col. & Colonial History e-jrnl, Vol. 10.2 Fall 2009
H-Net Reviews H-Asia
"Essays by Lata Mani, Sumit Sarkar, Madhu Kishwar, Tanika Sarkar, and others, along with the original writings of Ram Mohan Roy, Tarabai Shinde, and others make this volume a rich one that students of cultural studies, women's studies, and history should possess." —H-Asia, H-Net Reviews, July, 2010
Feminist Formations
"Written in easily accessible language... [this book is an] invaluable research and teaching [text] that can be put to very good effect." —Feminist Formations
From the Publisher
"Written in easily accessible language... [this book is an] invaluable research and teaching [text] that can be put to very good effect." —Feminist Formations

"Essays by Lata Mani, Sumit Sarkar, Madhu Kishwar, Tanika Sarkar, and others, along with the original writings of Ram Mohan Roy, Tarabai Shinde, and others make this volume a rich one that students of cultural studies, women's studies, and history should possess." —H-Asia, H-Net Reviews, July, 2010

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780253220493
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • Publication date: 7/1/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 560
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Sumit Sarkar is Retired Professor of History at the University of Delhi. His books include Beyond Nationalist Frames: Postmodernism, Hindu Fundamentalism, History (IUP, 2002) and Writing Social History.

Tanika Sarkar is Professor at the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. She is author of Hindu Wife, Hindu Nation: Community, Religion, and Cultural Nationalism (IUP, 2001) and co-editor of Women and Right-Wing Movements.

Indiana University Press

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Table of Contents

Introduction Tanika Sarkar Sarkar, Tanika Sumit Sarkar Sarkar, Sumit 1

Pt. A Historical Research 13

1 Whose Sati? Widow Burning in Early-Nineteenth-Century India Anand A. Yang Yang, Anand A. 15

2 Production of an Official Discourse on Sati in Early-Nineteenth-Century Bengal Lata Mani Mani, Lata 38

3 Education for Women Geraldine Forbes Forbes, Geraldine 58

4 Law, Custom and Statutory Social Reform: The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act of 1856 Lucy Carroll Carroll, Lucy 78

5 Caste, Widow-Remarriage, and the Reform of Popular Culture in Colonial Bengal Sekhar Bandyopadhyay 100 100, Sekhar Bandyopadhyay

6 Vidyasagar and Brahmanical Society Sumit Sarkar Sarkar, Sumit 118

7 Customs in a Peasant Economy: Women in Colonial Haryana Prem Chowdhry Chowdhry, Prem 146

8 Silencing Heresy Gauri Viswanathan Viswanathan, Gauri 169

9 The Daughters of Aryavarta Madhu Kishwar Kishwar, Madhu 201

10 Viresalingam and the Ideology of Social Change in Andhra John Leonard Leonard, John Karen Leonard Leonard, Karen 230

11 Conjugality and Hindu Nationalism: Resisting Colonial Reason and the Death of a Child-Wife Tanika Sarkar Sarkar, Tanika 259

12 Rebellious Wives and Dysfunctional Marriages: Indian Women's Discourses and Participation in the Debates over Restitution of Conjugal Rights and the Child Marriage Controversy in the 1880s and 1890s Padma Anagol Anagol, Padma 282

13 Punjab and the North-West Kenneth Jones Jones, Kenneth 313

14 Muslim Women and the Control of Property in North India Gregory C. Kozlowski Kozlowski, Gregory C. 326

15 Prize-Winning Adab: A Study of Five Urdu Books Written in Response to the Allahabad Government Gazette Notification C. M. NaimNaim, C. M. 342

16 Sayyid Mumtaz 'Ali and Tahzib un-Niswan: Women's Rights in Islam and Women's Journalism in Urdu Gail Minault Minault, Gail 359

17 Gender and the Politics of Space: The Movement for Women's Reform, 1857-1900 Faisal Fatehali Devji Devji, Faisal Fatehali 378

18 Women's Question in the Dravidian Movement c. 1925-1948 S. Anandhi Anandhi, S. 389

19 Multiple Meanings: Changing Conceptions of Matrilineal Kinship in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Malabar G. Arunima Arunima, G. 404

20 Women and Gender in the Study of Tribes in India Virginius Xaxa Xaxa, Virginius 424

21 The Second 'Women's War' and the Emergence of Democratic Government in Manipur Saroj N. Arambam Parratt Parratt, Saroj N. Arambam John Parratt Parratt, John 441

22 Gender in the Critiques of Colonialism and Nationalism: Locating the 'Indian Woman' Mrinalini Sinha Sinha, Mrinalini 452

23 Jawaharlal Nehru and the Hindu Code: A Victory of Symbol over Substance? Reba Som Som, Reba 473

Pt. B Contemporary Documents 495

24 Tracts against Sati Rammohan Roy Roy, Rammohan 497

25 The Woeful Plight of Hindu Women Kailashbasini Devi Devi, Kailashbasini 504

26 From Stripurusha Tulana Tarabai Shinde Shinde, Tarabai 521

27 From Miscellaneous Writings M. G. Ranade Ranade, M. G. 535

28 The Worship of Women Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain Hossain, Begum Rokeya Sakhawat 544

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