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Women and War in the Middle East critically examines how the experiences of women in conflict and post-conflict situations are shaped by the interactions between groups such as women's movements, diaspora communities, national governments, non-governmental actors and multilateral bodies. Contributions focus on Iraq and the Occupied Palestinian Territories and are based entirely on original empirical research.
Issues addressed include the impact of gender mainstreaming measures; the consequences for gender relations and identities of the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq; and how transnational feminist movements can most effectively support peace building and women's rights in the region.
The book brings together some of the foremost scholars in the areas of feminist international relations, feminist international political economy, anthropology, sociology, history and Middle East studies.
Introduction Women and War in the Middle East: Transnational Perspectives Nadje Al-Ali Nicola Pratt 1
Part I Gendering the Neoliberal Imperial Project
1 Gendering Informal Economies in Iraq V. Spike Peterson 35
2 The United States, the Iraqi Women's Diaspora and Women's 'Empowerment' in Iraq Nadje Al-Ali Nicola Pratt 65
3 'Post-war Reconstruction', Imperialism and Kurdish Women's NGOs Shahrzad Mojab 99
Part II Revisiting Transnational Women's Activism in the Context of Conflict, Post-conflict Reconstruction and Peace-building
4 Gender Mainstreaming and Feminist Organizing in the Middle Ease and Norm Africa Isis Nusair 131
5 'Here, it's not about conflict resolution - we can only resist': Palestinian Women's Activism in Conflict Resolution and Non-violent Resistance Sophie Richter-Devroe 158
Part III Gender, Citizenship and Post-conflict Reconstruction
6 Fragmented Citizenship: Communalism, Ethnicity and Gender in Iraq Martina Kamp 193
7 Gendered Palestinian Citizenship: Women, Legal Pluralism and Post-conflict Aid Riina Isotalo 217
Conclusion Gendering War and Transnationalism in the Middle East Nadje Al-Ali Nicola Pratt 253
About the Contributors 270