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The Women and War Reader

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Overview

War affects women in profoundly different ways than men. Women play many roles during wartime: they are "gendered" as mothers, as soldiers, as munitions makers, as caretakers, as sex workers. How is it that womanhood in the context of war may mean, for one woman, tearfully sending her son off to war, and for another, engaging in civil disobedience against the state? Why do we think of war as "men's business" when women are more likely to be killed in war and to become war ...

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Overview

War affects women in profoundly different ways than men. Women play many roles during wartime: they are "gendered" as mothers, as soldiers, as munitions makers, as caretakers, as sex workers. How is it that womanhood in the context of war may mean, for one woman, tearfully sending her son off to war, and for another, engaging in civil disobedience against the state? Why do we think of war as "men's business" when women are more likely to be killed in war and to become war refugees than men?

The Women and War Reader brings together the work of the foremost scholars on women and war to address questions of ethnicity, citizenship, women's agency, policy making, women and the war complex, peacemaking, and aspects of motherhood. Moving beyond simplistic gender dichotomies, the volume leaves behind outdated arguments about militarist men and pacifist women while still recognizing that there are patterns of difference in men's and women's relationships to war.

The Women and War Reader challenges essentialist, class-based, and ethnocentric analysis. A comprehensive volume covering such regions as the former Yugoslavia, Northern Ireland, Israel and Palestine, Iran, Nicaragua, Chiapas, South Africa, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, South Korea, and India, it will provide a much-needed resource. The volume includes the work of over 35 contributors, including Cynthia Enloe, Sara Ruddick, V. Spike Peterson, Betty Reardon, April Carter, Leila J. Rupp, Harriet Hyman Alonso, Francine D'Amico, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, and Carolyn Nordstrom.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The editors. . . whose work also appears, have presented us with a valuable resource for years to come."

-Peace News,

"The strength of The Women and War Reader lies in its both interdisciplinary and geographically diverse approach. It confronts the devastating impact of wartime violence and militarized societies on women."

-Iris

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814751442
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 7/1/1998
  • Pages: 398
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Lois Ann Lorentzen is Associate Professor in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of San Francisco and Chair of the Ecology Section of the American Academy of Religion- Western Region.

Jennifer Turpin is Associate Professor, Chair of Sociology, and Coordinator of the Women's Studies Program at the University of San Francisco and the Chair of the American Sociology Association's Section on Peace and War.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Pt. I Theoretical Debates
1 Many Faces: Women Confronting War 3
2 The Truth about Women and Peace 19
3 After Feminist Analyses of Bosnian Violence 26
4 Should Women Be Soldiers or Pacifists? 33
Pt. II Nationalism, Victimization, and War Culture
5 Gendered Nationalism: Reproducing "Us" versus "Them" 41
6 All the Men Are in the Militias, All the Women Are Victims: The Politics of Masculinity and Femininity in Nationalist Wars 50
7 Surfacing Gender: Reconceptualizing Crimes against Women in Time of War 63
8 Girls Behind the (Front) Lines 80
9 Gender, Militarization, and Universal Male Conscription in South Korea 90
10 Militarization, Conflict, and Women in South Asia 101
11 Militarism and Cypriot Women 111
Pt. III Women in the Military and War Complex
12 Feminist Perspectives on Women Warriors 119
13 Women Munitions Makers, War, and Citizenship 126
14 Women Warriors/Women Peacemakers: Will the Real Feminists Please Stand Up! 132
15 The Expanding Role of Women in United Nations Peacekeeping 140
16 War and Gender: What Do We Learn from Israel? 148
Pt. IV Resistance Movements and Literature
17 Broken Dreams in Nicaragua 157
18 Zapatismo: Gender, Power, and Social Transformation 164
19 Domestic Activism and Nationalist Struggle 177
20 Torture as Text 184
21 Women's Prison Resistance: Testimonios from El Salvador 192
22 Imagining Peace 203
Pt. V Motherhood, Parenting, and War
23 "Woman of Peace": A Feminist Construction 213
24 Maternal Thinking and the Politics of War 227
25 War, Nationalism, and Mothers in the Former Yugoslavia 234
26 Drafting Motherhood: Maternal Imagery and Organizations in the United States and Nicaragua 240
27 Moral Mothers and Stalwart Sons: Reading Binaries in a Time of War 254
28 Parenting Troops: The Summons to Acquiescence 272
Pt. VI Peace Culture and Peace Action
29 Women or Weapons? 289
30 Dissension in the Ranks: The New York Branch of WILPF vs. the National Board, 1914-1955 296
31 Solidarity and Wartime Violence against Women 303
32 Making Connections: Building an East Asia - U.S. Women's Network against U.S. Militarism 308
33 Afghan Women in the Peace Process 323
34 The Impact of Women in Black in Israel 329
35 Israeli and Palestinian Women Working for Peace 337
36 Silent or Silenced? 343
37 The Psychology of Societal Reconstruction and Peace: A Gendered Perspective 348
Contributors
Index
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