Women In The Biological Sciences

Overview

Biology textbooks and books on the history of science generally give a limited picture of the roles women have played in the growth and development of the biological sciences, mentioning primarily the Nobel laureates. This book provides a definitive archival collection of essays on a larger group of women, profiling both their work and their lives. The volume includes 65 representative women from different countries and eras, and from as many branches of biological investigation as possible. In addition to ...

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Overview

Biology textbooks and books on the history of science generally give a limited picture of the roles women have played in the growth and development of the biological sciences, mentioning primarily the Nobel laureates. This book provides a definitive archival collection of essays on a larger group of women, profiling both their work and their lives. The volume includes 65 representative women from different countries and eras, and from as many branches of biological investigation as possible. In addition to biographical information and an evaluation of the woman's career and significance, each entry provides a full bibliographic listing of works by and about the subject.

The volume includes entries on women who have gained recognition through attainment of advanced degrees despite familial and societal pressures, innovative research results, influence exerted in teaching and guidance of students, active participation and leadership in professional societies, extensive scholarly publication, participation on journal editorial boards, extensive field experience, and influence on public and political scientific policymaking. A woman was considered eligible for inclusion if she met several of these criteria. Providing a historical perspective, the book is limited to women who were born before 1930 or are deceased.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Aimed to encourage young women to seek careers in the biological sciences, and to serve as a springboard for further research on the role of women in these sciences. Sixty-five essays profile women from various countries and eras who have gained recognition in one or more of the following ways: through attainment of advanced degrees despite extensive familial and societal pressures, innovative research contributions, extraordinary influence in teaching at the undergraduate or graduate levels, leadership in professional societies, exertion of influence on public and political scientific policy making, extensive field experiences, and extensive scholarly publications. Each essay includes sections on biography and work, and a bibliography (in some cases, abridged) listing works by the subject and works about her. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313291807
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/30/1997
  • Pages: 634
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 1.38 (d)

Meet the Author

LOUISE S. GRINSTEIN is Professor Emerita of Mathematics and Computer Science at Kingsborough Community College of CUNY.

CAROL A. BIERMANN is Professor of Biological Sciences at Kingsborough Community College of CUNY.

ROSE K. ROSE is Professor of Physical Sciences at Kingsborough Community College of CUNY.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Introduction
Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz (1822-1907) 1
Hattie Elizabeth Alexander (1901-1968) 5
Agnes Robertson Arber (1879-1960) 14
Charlotte Auerbach (1899-1994) 25
Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey (1863-1948) 30
Rachel Littler Bodley (1831-1888) 37
Emma Lucy Braun (1889-1971) 44
Elizabeth Gertrude Knight Britton (1858-1934) 51
Rachel Louise Carson (1907-1964) 62
Mary Agnes Meara Chase (1869-1963) 70
Eugenie Clark (1922-) 75
Jewel Isadora Plummer Cobb (1924-) 84
Jane Colden (1724-1766) 94
Laura North Hunter Colwin (1911-) 100
Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori (1896-1957) 108
Lydia Maria Adams DeWitt (1859-1928) 113
Neltje Blanchan De Graff Doubleday (1865-1918) 120
Alice Eastwood (1859-1953) 124
Sophia Hennion Eckerson (ca. 1867-1954) 138
Gertrude Belle Elion (1918-) 143
Katherine Esau (1898-) 150
Alice Catherine Evans (1881-1975) 163
Honor Bridget Fell (1900-1986) 170
Dian Fossey (1932-1985) 183
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920-1958) 190
Frances Carnes Flint Hamerstrom (1907-) 196
Alice Hamilton (1869-1970) 211
Ethel Nicholson Browne Harvey (1885-1965) 230
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) 235
Ida Henrietta Hyde (1857-1945) 246
Libbie Henrietta Hyman (1888-1969) 254
Emmy Klieneberger-Nobel (1892-1985) 261
Rebecca Craighill Lancefield (1895-1981) 266
Ol'ga Borisovna Protopova Lepeshinskaia (1871-1963) 274
Rita Levi-Montalcini (1908-) 280
Mary Frances Lyon (1925-) 291
Hilde Proescholdt Mangold (1898-1924) 304
Anna Morandi Manzolini (1716-1774) 307
Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) 310
Beatrice Mintz (1921-) 319
Ann Haven Morgan (1882-1966) 332
Lilian Vaughan Sampson Morgan (1870-1952) 339
Elizabeth Fondal Neufeld (1928-) 345
Margaret Morse Nice (1883-1974) 359
Ruth Patrick (1907-) 369
Louise Pearce (1885-1959) 384
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps (1793-1884) 391
Elizabeth (Eliza) Lucas Pinckney (1722-1793) 401
Beatrix Potter (1866-1943) 407
Edith Smaw Hinkley Quimby (1891-1982) 413
Dixy Lee Ray (1914-1994) 424
Janet Davison Rowley (1925-) 433
Jane Anne Russell (1911-1967) 451
Florence Rena Sabin (1871-1953) 458
Ruth Sager (1918-1997) 463
Berta Vogel Scharrer (1906-1995) 477
Florence Barbara Seibert (1897-1991) 490
Lydia White Shattuck (1822-1889) 495
Maud Caroline Slye (1869-1954) 501
Marjory Stephenson (1885-1948) 507
Nettie Maria Stevens (1861-1912) 517
Helen Brooke Taussig (1898-1986) 524
Birgit Vennesland (1913-) 534
Salome Gluecksohn Schoenheimer Waelsch (1907-) 544
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921-) 553
App. A: Chronological List of Biographees 567
App. B: Biographees by Place of Birth, Place of Work, and Field of Scientific Interest 569
App. C: References in Biographical Dictionaries and Other Collections 575
App. D: Index of Sources 581
Index 585
About the Contributors 597
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