Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 Outstanding Scientists

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Overview

While most laymen could recognize Florence Nightingale as the founder of modern nursing, it's doubtful they could likewise identify Louise Pearce as one of the primary researchers in the cure for African Sleeping Sickness or Anna W. Williams as the discover of the diphtheria antitoxin. This book profiles 25 women who have made significant contributions to medical research, including Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Lydia Folger Fowler, Virginia Apgar, and Rosalind Franklin, among others. Each profile includes a general introduction and covers the woman's childhood or family background, her formal education, her most valuable contributions to the field, and the important events or persons which influenced her life and career.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786429271
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/17/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 220
  • Sales rank: 868,942
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

King-Thom Chung has been a professor of microbiology and molecular toxicology at the University of Memphis since 1988. He pioneers research on azo dyes-induced cancer, and his work on genotoxicology of aromatic amines metabolically produced from azo dyes has received world recognition.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Foreword Hubert A. Lechevalier 1

Preface 5

1 (1689-1762): Promoter of Inoculation Against Smallpox Mary Wortley Montagu 9

2 (1820-1910): Founder of Modem Nursing Florence Nightingale 16

3 (1821-1910): Champion of Medical Education for Women Elizabeth Blackwell 24

4 (1822-1879): First American Woman to Receive a Medical Degree Lydia Folger Fowler 33

5 (1829-1902): Pioneering German-Born Physician Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska 37

6 (1836-1917): Pioneering British Physician Elizabeth Garrett Anderson 43

7 (1863-1954): Developer of Diphtheria Antitoxin and of a Method for Quickly Diagnosing Rabies Anna W. Williams 48

8 (1867-1934): Discoverer of Medically Important Radium Madame Marie Sklodowska Curie 52

9 (1873-1945): Physician and Pioneer Public Health Worker Sara Josephine Baker 68

10 (1881-1975): Researcher in Bacteriology and Promoter of Pasteurization of Milk Alice Catherine Evans 75

11 (1885-1959): Leader in Research on Both African Sleeping Sickness and Syphilis Louise Pearce 81

12 (1885-1975): Discoverer of Medically Useful Antifungal Antibiotics Elizabeth "Lee" Hazen 88

13 (1888-1962): Pioneer in Meningitis Studies Sara Elizabeth Branham 96

14 (1895-1981): Researcher of Streptococci Classification and Infections Rebecca Craighill Lancefield 102

15 (1896-1957): Researcher in Sugar Metabolism and Glycogen Storage Disorders Gerty Theresa Radnkz Cori 108

16 (1898-1980): Co-Discoverer of the Antifungal Antibiotic Nystatin Rachel Fuller Brown 116

17 (1901-1995): Pioneer in Standardization of Biological Products and Studies of Whooping Cough Margaret Pittman 123

18(1909-1974): Pioneer Anesthetist and Developer of the Apgar Score for Newborn Health Virginia Apgar 132

19 (1910-1993): Leader in the Study of Antibiotics and Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs Gladys Lounsbury Hobby 139

20 (1918-1999): Innovative Drug Developer Gertrude Belle Elion 144

21 (1919[?]- ): Pioneer of Cancer Chemotherapy Jane C. Wright 153

22 (1920-1958): Crucial Figure in Determining the Double Helix Structure of DNA Rosalind Elsie Franklin 159

23 (1921- ): Co-Developer of Radioimmunoassay Procedure Rosalyn Sussman Yalow 169

24 (1924- ): Renowned Cancer Researcher and University Administrator Jewel Plummer Cobb 179

25 (1939- ): Eminent Molecular Biologist, Educator, and Leader Alice Shih-Hou Huang 184

Appendix: Important Persons Mentioned in the Text 191

Index 205

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