Women, Politics, and American Society / Edition 5

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Updated in a new 5th edition, Women, Politics, and American Society combines historical and topical approaches with a focus on political rights, education and employment, and familial and reproductive rights. This text motivates readers to pursue subjects of particular interest in greater detail and encourages students to become active participants in the political process.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205745418
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 11/29/2010
  • Series: Longman Classics in Political Science Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 368
  • Sales rank: 279,691
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Preface xiii

Introduction: Women's Movements in America 1

An Overview of Women's Rights Movement Activity 5

The Early Woman's Movement (1848-1875) 5

The Suffrage Movement (1890-1925) 6

The Women's Rights Movement (1966-1982) 8

Radical Feminists 9

Mainstream Feminists 10

Feminism Today 15

Part I Political Rights and Realities 19

1 The Struggle for Political Rights 20

The Woman's Rights Movement and the Ballot 23

The Civil War Amendments 24

New Groups Founded 25

Profiles in Leadership Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony 27

Woman Suffrage and the Fourteenth Amendment 30

Litigating for the Franchise 31

Toward a Constitutional Amendment 32

The Antisuffrage Movement 33

The Suffrage Movement: The Quest for the Vote Continues 34

Constituent Groups 34

Educated Suffrage 37

Suffrage Flounders 39

Toward a National Amendment 40

A Winning Plan 41

Suffrage Not Enough-The Beginning of the End 43

The NWP and the Equal Rights Amendment 43

The Drive for Women's Political Rights 44

The President's Commission on the Status of Women and NOW 46

The Ratification Effort 48

ERA-The First Stage (1972-1977) 49

ERA-The Second Stage (1977-1979) 49

ERA-The Third Stage (1979-1982) 51

The Aftermath of the ERA Ratification Effort: Women's Groups Mobilize for Expanded Political Opportunities 51

Women and Politics Madam President: When Will a Woman Win the White House? 52

GLOBAL AWARENESS Few Women Head World Governments 55

The National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) 56

The Feminist Majority Foundation 57

The League of Women Voters 57

The American Association of University Women 58

The National Organization for Women 59

Women's PACs 60

NOW/PAC and NOW Equality PAC 61

EMILY's List 62

The WISH List 64

2 Women's Political Participation 71

Cultural Attitudes About the Political Participation of Women 72

The Impact of the Women's Rights Movement on Political Rights and Political Participation 73

Political Socialization 73

Political Interest and Knowledge 75

Political Efficacy 76

Political Participation 76

Voter Turnout 77

Issue Positions 79

Party Identification 81

Voting Patterns 82

Political Activism 85

Lobbying and Community Involvement 85

Campaign and Party Work 87

Office Holding 89

Women in Congress 90

Women in State Legislatures and Statewide Elective Office 91

Women and Politics Virginia's "Farm Team": Inspiring Women from the Ground Up 93

Women in Local Elective Office 94

Barriers to Women in Elected and Appointed Positions 95

Stereotypes 95

Media Bias 96

Career Choice and Ambition 98

Family Demands 99

Sex Discrimination 101

The Political System 102

Campaign Finance 102

Party Organization 103

Electoral Systems 104

Incumbency 104

Global Awareness Women in National Parliaments, 2009 106

Problems Faced by Women in Elected Positions 107

Impact of Women in Elected Positions 109

Women Legislators at the State and Local Level 109

Women in Congress 111

Problems Faced by Women in Appointed Positions 112

The Executive Branch 112

The Federal Judiciary 113

Profiles in Leadership Justice Sonia Sotomayor 115

Impact of Women in Appointed Positions 118

Part II Employment and Educational Rights and Realities 133

3 The Struggle for Employment and Educational Rights 134

The Woman's Movement 136

The Seneca Falls Convention and the Woman's Movement 138

Efforts on Behalf of Working Women 138

Professionalization and Education 139

The Suffrage Movement 140

The Drive for Protective Legislation 141

Maximum Hour and Minimum Wage Laws 141

Women and Work After Gaining Suffrage 143

Education and the Professions 144

World War II 145

Education After World War II 147

The Women's Rights Movement 148

The Equal Pay Act 148

Department of Labor Enforcement 149

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 150

EEOC Enforcement 150

BFOQs, Customer Preference, and Protective Legislation 152

Affirmative Action 154

Profiles in Leadership The Sanchez Sisters Elected to Congress 158

Sexual Harassment 161

Employment Discrimination and the Consequences of Childbearing 164

Pregnancy Discrimination 164

The Difference Debate 166

The Family and Medical Leave Act 167

Global Awareness Family Leave Around the World 169

Education 170

Title IX and the Constitution 171

Women and Politics Congresswoman Louise Slaughter Fights for Title IX 172

Admissions 173

Student Treatment 175

Test Fairness 176

Hiring and Personnel Practices 178

4 Women's Economic and Educational Status 189

Attitudes Toward Work and Women 190

Before the Women's Movement 190

The Impact of the Women's Movement 192

Attitudes Toward Mothers Working 193

Global Awareness Declining Birthrates and the Global Economy 196

Attitudes About the Abilities of Women 198

Preparation of Women for Employment Outside the Home 201

Early Training for Work 201

The Women's Rights Movement and Preparation for Work 204

Education and Work Readiness 204

Profiles in Leadership Michelle Rhee, District of Columbia Public Schools Chancellor 207

Workforce Commitment Attitudes 210

Sex Discrimination 211

Discrimination by Employers 211

Discrimination by Male Employees 213

Economic and Marketplace Factors 215

Impact of Barriers on the Position of Women in the Marketplace 216

Employment Levels of Women 216

Workforce Commitment of Women 219

Wages of Women 220

Women and Politics The Wage Gap Tax 227

Solutions to Pay Inequity 230

Comparable Worth 230

Affirmative Action 231

Family Leave, Day Care, and Flexible Jobs 231

Part III Familial and Reproductive Rights and Realities 243

5 The Struggle for Familial and Reproductive Rights 244

The Woman's Movement 246

Effects of the Common Law 247

Divorce Reform 247

Birth Control 248

Voluntary Motherhood 249

Women and Politics Victoria Woodhull for President 250

The Suffrage Movement 251

Educated Motherhood 252

Birth Control in the Suffrage Era 253

The Current Women's Rights Movement 254

Marriage 254

Marriage and the Loss of Identity 255

Names 255

Profiles in Leadership Hillary Rodham Clinton 256

Marriage and Divorce Law 259

Divorce and Custody Laws 261

Marriage, Motherhood, and the Postmodern Family 262

Motherhood and New Issues of "Family" 263

The Decision to Have Children 263

Surrogacy 264

Reproductive Freedom 265

Birth Control 265

Adolescent Access to Birth Control 266

Global Awareness Reproductive Health Care for Teenagers 267

Abortion 268

A Pro-choice Administration 276

Litigating to Stop Violence 276

Congress Acts 277

NOW v. Scheidler Decided 277

The Freedom of Choice Act 278

Congress Votes to Roll Back Reproductive Rights 278

A Pro-life Administration 279

New Frontiers in Reproductive Rights 280

The Obama Administration 282

6 Women's Place in the Family 289

Attitudinal Change Toward Marriage and the Family 290

Pre-Twentieth-Century America 290

Profiles in Leadership Kathleen Sebelius, United States Secretary of Health and Human Services 293

The Women's Rights Movement and Attitudes Toward Marriage and Family 296

Attitudes Toward Marriage 296

Women and Politics Equal Marriage Rights for Same-Sex Couples 299

Attitudes Toward Motherhood 302

Sexuality and Birth Control 303

Differences Among Women 306

Global Awareness Abortion Rates Worldwide 307

Women's and Men's Resources in the Struggle for Equal Roles 308

Discrimination by Men in the Family 309

Impact of Cultural Attitudes, Lack of Resources, and Discrimination on the Position of Women in the Family 310

Marriage Rates 310

Companionship Marriage 312

Divorce 317

Motherhood 322

Fatherhood 326

The New Families 327

7 The Future of the Movement 336

Prerequisites for a Reenergized Women's Rights Movement 339

Organizational Base and Organizational Support 339

Leaders and Organizers 341

Communications Networks 341

Critical Mobilizing Events 341

Political Mobilization 342

Goals for the Women's Rights Movement 343

Index 345

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